William P. Swain

1845                23 East Fourth Street, Cincinnati, Ohio.

William P. Swain was recorded in one advertisement that ran on August 7 & 14, 1845.  Morocco Case Manufactory.  The subscriber has taken the stand at No. 23 East Fourth street, Cincinnati, lately occupied by Mr. J. A. Kimball, where he will manufacture to order, Surgical, Dental, Jewelry and Daguerreotype Miniature Cases, of the very best style and quality, and at the lowest eastern prices.

Miniature Cases of all sizes constantly on hand and for sale, wholesale and retail.

Orders from the country respectfully solicited and promptly attended to.

William P. Swain is not recorded in other photographic directories.

Swain & Paul

1856                Address Unknown, Natchez, Mississippi.

1856                Rooms over J. N. Radcliff, Yazoo City, Mississippi.

Swain & Paul were recorded in one advertisement that ran from May 23 to September 26, 1856 in The Weekly American Banner (Yazoo City, Mississippi).  Call, See, And Judge For Yourselves!  Messrs. Swain & Paul of Natchez, informs the public that they have located permanently in Yazoo City, and have opened at those beautiful rooms over J. N. Ratcliff an Ambrotype, Daguerreotype, and Photograph Gallery, where they are prepared to take pictures in all the Photograph Art in a style not to be surpassed by any Artist in the county.  They have a way (peculiar to themselves) of coloring the Ambrotype which makes the most beautiful picture ever produced.

Messrs. S. & P. take pleasure in explaining to those desirous of ascertaining the mode of taking and putting up of these truly elegant and indestructible pictures.  Yazoo City

Swain & Paul are not recorded in other photographic directories.

John Sutton

1849                Rooms in the New Brick Building, on the South Side of Market Street, Between Third and Fourth, Lewisburg, Pennsylvania.

John Sutton was recorded in one advertisement that ran from September 5 to November 14, 1849 in the Lewisburg Chronicle, and the West Branch Farmer (Lewisburg, Pennsylvania).   Daguerreotype Rooms, Lewisburg.  The subscriber would inform the citizens of Lewisburg and vicinity, that he has taken and fitted up a room in the new brick building on the south side of Market street, between Third and Fourth, where he is prepared to take Daguerreotype Likenesses single or in groups, in good style, durable, and on reasonable terms.  Call and see.   March 1849. John Sutton.

John Sutton is not recorded as being active in Lewisburg, Pennsylvania in 1849.  Craig’s Daguerreian Registry does list a J. Sutton without a address or location it is possible they are the same person.

A. J. Sutton

1856                Rooms at the Munroe House, Woodsville, Ohio.

A. J. Sutton was recorded in one advertisement that ran from November 12 to December 3, 1856 in The Spirit of Democracy (Woodsfield, Ohio).  Ambrotype Likenesses Of the Finest, Latest. And most Fashionable Style of the Art.  Having taken rooms at the Monroe House, I would respectfully inform the citizens of Woodsfield and vicinity, that I am prepared to furnish them with good Ambrotypes at prices from one to five dollars.

I am also prepared to take Daguerreotypes of the best quality for Lockets pictures, &c.  I warrantee these pictures not to fade, unless broken or otherwise exposed.  Give me a call and see for yourselves.  If you are not pleased, I make no charge.  Ladies and gentlemen, one and all, call and get the shadow ere the substance fades.

N. B. Ambrotypes can be taken and day unless it is very dark.  I shall remain but a short time.  A. J. Sutton.                                   

A. J. Sutton is not recorded in other photographic directories.

J. K. Sutterley

1858                Rooms on Front Street, over White’s Drug Store, Glasgow, Missouri.

J. K. Sutterley was recorded in one advertisement that ran from November 18 to 25, 1858 in Glasgow Weekly Times (Glasgow, Missouri).  Now is the Time To get a Life-like Ambrotype of Yourself and Children.  The undersigned would inform the people of Glasgow and vicinity, that he has taken the large front room over White’s Drug Store, on Front Street, where he will remain but a short time, to give those an opportunity that wish to get a good Picture of Themselves or family.

My motto is, “satisfactory work or no pay.”—A good Picture can be had as well in a cloudy, as a clear day.  Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine specimens of my work.

Gallery open from 9 to 12 A. M., and from 1 to 5 P. M.  The greatest pains taken with children. J. K. Sutterley, Artist.

J. K. Sutterley is not recorded as being active in Glasgow, Missouri in 1858.  James K. Sutterley is listed in other directories as being active in Chicago, Illinois during this time period, It is unknown if they are the same person, the distance between Chicago, Illinois and Glasgow, Missouri is four hundred miles.

M. L. Sutphen

1853                Rooms in the Second Building South of Pomeroy’s Store, Plymouth, Indiana.

M. L. Sutphen was recorded in one advertisement that ran from September 1 to December 1, 1853 in the Plymouth Banner (Plymouth, Indiana).  Daguerrean Rooms, Plymouth, Ind.  M. L. Sutphen, Having permanently located in this place, and fitted up suitable Rooms in the second building south of Pomeroy’s store, up stairs, is at all times prepared to execute likenesses and miniatures in the most perfect manner, and warranted to retain their brilliancy, with proper care.

Persons about leaving their friends, perhaps never to return, may leave with them an image delightfully calculated to keep in lively remembrance the happy moments spent together in times past.  He is prepared to operate in clear or cloudy weather.  August 31, 1853.

M. L. Sutphen is not recorded in other photographic directories.

D. Sutphen

1859                6 Seneca-Street, Opposite the Post Office, Geneva, New York.

D. Sutphen was recorded in one advertisement that ran from December 25 to December 30, 1859 in the Geneva Daily Gazette (Geneva, New York.)  Sutphen’s Photographic, Ambrotype, and Daguerreotype Gallery.  No. 6, Seneca-St., Opposite The Post Office.  The subscriber would respectfully inform the citizens of Geneva and surrounding towns, that he is ready to make all kinds of Camera pictures.—His long experience in the business, and well adjusted chemicals, enables him to make as good pictures as the art can produce.  To be convinced of the fact you need only call and sit for a picture.

If you want a good Daguerreotype, Ambrotype, or Photograph, call at Sutphen’s.  Everything shall be done that is necessary to make this a first-class room, and to make first-rate pictures.

Remember the place, No. 6, Seneca street, over Van Deren’s.  D. Sutphen.

D. Sutphen is not recorded as being active in Geneva, New York.  Craig’s Daguerreian Registry does list a David Sutpen as being active in Moravia, New York in 1859.  The distance between the two towns is about 48 miles.  It is unknown if they are the same person but the probability is there.

Summers & Tileston

1855                Main Street, over the Marble Depot, opposite Branch Bank, Evansville, Indiana.

1855                Rooms in Dr. Bray’s Building, over the Old Post Office, Evansville, Indiana.   

Summers & Tileston (William W. Tileston) was recorded in six advertisement and three announcements in The Evansville Daily Journal (Evansville, Indiana) and one announcement in the New York Daily Tribune.  The first advertisement ran from March 22 to 29, 1855.  The Shadow And The Substance Of A Conversation.  The following Conversation took place at the Court House corner the other day, between Joe Shadow and Tom Substance:

Joe—I say, Tom,, when are you going around to Summers & Tilton’s gallery to have your Daguerreotype taken?

Tom—Well, I don’t know.  I must go soon, for they say that during the pleasant weather they are crowded all the time; and Saunders, of the Journal, say their pictures are about as good as Webster’s own.

Joe—I believe they are.  I saw some fine groups there the other day.  I’m going to have my whole family taken in a group.

Tom—I shall go the first fine day, for their pictures are so fine and lifelike.  I wonder where I can get a fine case-a first rate one.

Joe—Why, get it there they have a splendid new stock in a beautiful showcase, just received and in fine order, and expect to enlarge it soon.  They have now on hand a fine assortment of Gold Lockets, Miniature Pins, Paper Macia, Union, Moroco Gilt, Belt, Kossuth, Velvet and Jewel Cases, of all sorts and sizes, and they invite all to call and examine them whether they want to sit for a picture or not.

Tom—I was not aware the kept so fine a stock always on hand:  I shall go right down this morning.  But then I can’t have it taken this morning and I am sorry, for I may not have tine again for several days.

Joe—Why not go to-day?

Tom—It’s so cloudy: they can’t take pictures such weather as this.  Why, it’s raining now.

Joe—There’s where you are out of it.  It’s altogether a mistaken idea people have got into their heads that Daguerreotypes can’t be taken on bright sunny days.  They say they can take as good pictures in such weather as at any other time.  You see their large skylight makes the light always strong in the room, and if they don’t get you a first rate picture they don’t want you to take it.  They are always willing to try, and are determined not to let a picture leave their rooms that is not perfect.

Tom—Well, I shall go right down this morning, for the rooms are always comfortable, and it is a pleasant place to spend the time this dull weather.  But how is it that they carry on the Sign and Ornamental painting and the Gallery too?  They can’t attend to both, certainly.

Joe—Very easy.  You see the sign and ornamental branch is carried on under the immediate supervision of Mr. Summers, while Mr. Tileston turns his whole attention to the gallery, so that they are always on hand to attend to either branch of the business.

Tom—Well, I like that very much.  I should think they would go together very well.  Meet me at their gallery in half an hour

Joe—I will: good morning.

Tom—Good morning.                                               

The second advertisement ran from March 30 to May 24, 1855.  More About Elections.  Owing to the great excitement about the city election, and deep interest felt in the Prohibitory Law by all the great political parties, we deem it but our duty to say, that Summers & Tileston, having just received a new Camera direct from New York, are now prepared to take pictures in the best style from a small miniature to a large ½ size.  They are also prepared with the best light in the city for copying pictures.  They guarantee that no picture shall receive injury which may be left in their hands for the above purpose.

N. B.—Why is a Dogratyper taking a picture, like a gent sitting to a handsome gal?  Answer to be had by calling ay Summers & Tileston Gallery.  On Main st., opposite Branch Bank, over the Marble Depot.

1855 May 16.  The Evansville Daily Journal.  (Evansville, Indiana) May 16, 1855, Vol. VIII, No. 25, P. 2.

Great Fire!  Nearly $100,000 Worth of Property destroyed.  About half past 3 o’clock yesterday morning a fire was discovered in the rear part of Anderson’s Barber shop, on the upper side of Main street between Water and First, and in a row of small frame houses…Messrs. Summers & Tileston’s Daguerrean Gallery and Paint shop, above the Marble Depot, were destroyed with every article in them.  No Insurance.  Loss probably $300….

The announcement appeared in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York) on May 21, 1855.  Conflagration At Evansville, Indiana.—Below will be found a list of the principal suffers by the fire at Evansville on the 15th:…Summers & Tileston’s daguerreotype gallery were burned.

The third advertisement ran from May 21 to June 25, 1855.  Once More In The Field.  Summer & Tileston, after shaking themselves for a few days from the ashes of the late fire, have fitted up the sky-light rooms over Wm. Hughes’ store; corner of Main and second streets, where they will be happy to see their friends and old customers and the public generally, who wish to preserve the shadow of their friends, “ere the substance fades.”  Thankful for the liberal patronage extended to them for the past three months, they would respectfully solicit a continuance of the same.  Perfect pictures taken at the shortest notice, and entire satisfaction given, or no sale.                                          

The fourth advertisement ran from May 30 to June 29, 1855.  Not Left Town Yet.  Messrs. Summers & Tileston would respectfully inform their old friends and customers, and the public generally, that they have suspended their Daguerrean operations for a short time, for the purpose of fitting up rooms in Dr. Bray’s building, over the old post office.  Workmen are now busily engaged in putting up a mammoth sky light, etc., and in a few days we shall be better prepared for taking fine pictures than ever.                      

The fifth advertisement ran from June 9 to 25, 1855.  Poetry For The Million.

Summers & Tileston are the persons,

You’ll please to find them out;

There rooms are opposite the post office

Or somewhere thereabout.

They have a mammoth sky-light,

The largest in the city,

The only light adapted

For taking pictures pretty.

They take miniatures for lockets,

For breastpins and for rings,

Take copies from daguerreotypes,

Also from oil paintings.

Their pictures are uniformly low.

Their pictures hard to beat;

So pray, call at their gallery

And see there’s no deceit.

For life you know, is uncertain,

And death is very sure,

Therefore, ere the substance fades.

The shadow you should secure.

The second announcement appeared on June 13, 1855.  Once more In The Field.—Messrs. Summers & Tileston, as our readers know, were burned out by the late fire, and lost everything they had in their rooms, and nothing insured.  Although thus deprived of almost everything but their energy, they did not “give it up so,” but at once set to work preparing new and far superior rooms to those they formerly occupied.  They are now located in Dr. Bray’s building opposite the Post office, in the most central part of the city, and very convenient to the ladies.—They have fitted up their rooms very neatly and are now prepared to take likenesses all kinds of weather, in the best style, and at low prices.  We hope they will receive an extensive patronage in view of their late losses, renewed expenses, and more particularly because they take just as good Daguerreotype likenesses as are made in the West.

The third announcement appeared on June 23, 1855.  The Sun Beam.—This is the name given to Summers & Tileston’s new Daguerrean Gallery. By a lady.  They have accepted the compliment, and “The Sun Beam Gallery” will soon be known as the place to obtain good likenesses.  The proprietors have reduced their prices, and are now making some of the best Daguerreotypes ever taken in this city.  Call and see their new rooms and specimens.

The sixth advertisement ran from June 23 to October 18, 1855.  New Gallery, New Name, And New Prices!  The Sun Beam Gallery!  Messrs. Summers & Tileston have now fully completed their Daguerrean Rooms in Dr. M. J. Bray’s buildings, on First street, opposite the post office, and are now ready to receive visitors and to take pictures in the latest and most approved style.  Having fitted up our rooms with the eye to comfort, they are neat, cool and airy, while we have a mammoth sky-light, which enables us to take picture that will compare favorably with any in the West.—Therefore we feel confident of giving perfect satisfaction in all cases, which we guarantee, or no sale.  Please call and see us at the Western Sun Beam.

N. B.—Pictures taken for one dollars.                                              

The fourth announcement appeared on September 27, 1855.  Dissolution Notice.  The co-partnership heretofore existing between Summers & Tileston is this day dissolved by mutual consent.  The business will be continued by W. W. Tileston, who is authorized to settle the business of the late firm.

A Card.  The undersigned would take this method of returning his sincere thanks to the public for the liberal patronage extended to the late firm, and hopes that by giving his personal attention exclusively to the business to merit a continuance of the same.  W. W. Tileston.

Summers & Tileston are not recorded in other photographic directories.  William W. Tileston is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in 1858 to 1861 in Evansville, Indiana.

William Summerhays

1858                            Centre Street, Nantucket, Massachusetts.

Ca. 1860-1865            Main Street, Nantucket, Massachusetts.[1]

1860                            Address Unknown, Nantucket, Massachusetts.[1]

1865-1869                   Address Unknown, Nantucket, Massachusetts.[1]

William Summerhays was recorded in one advertisement that was recorded in the Nantucket Inquire (Nantucket, Massachusetts) on May 4, 1858.  The subscriber is now prepared to take those splendid Milleneotypes, which are far superior to anything yet discovered for lockets.  He also continues to take the Ambrotypes, in a style unsurpassed.  Persons wishing an imperishable picture of themselves or friends can obtain them at the most reasonable prices at the Saloon on Centre Street.

P. S.—The Subscriber will remain in Nantucket, and warrants every picture he puts up.  Wm. Summerhays. 

William Summerhays is recorded in other photographic directories as being active in Nantucket, Massachusetts in 1860.


[1] A Directory Of Massachusetts Photographers 1839-1900.

Samuel S. Sullivan

1841-1842       Elliot House, Bath, Maine.

Samuel S. Sullivan was recorded in four announcements and two advertisements in the Lincoln Telegraph (Bath, Maine).  The first announcement appeared on September 16, 1841.  Lecture on the Daguerreotype.  We have received a letter from Mr. Purkitt, a gentleman well and favorably known to our citizens as an able and eloquent lecturer, of which the following is an extract, which we commend to the attention of our readers.

“Permit me my dear Clarke, en passant, to inform you that Mr. S. S. Sullivan, of Boston, is intending to visit your place for the purpose of delivering one or more lectures on the novel and exceedingly simple and beautiful discovery of Daguerre.  Mr. S.is well educated, a gentleman of fine talents, of vivid imagination and an excellent writer.  He will be listened to, I am persuaded, with great interest by the intelligent citizens of Bath.

The discovery of Daguerre is new and wonderful.  But strange to say, like many other discoveries, it has fallen into bad hands—into the hands of men who have never investigated, and therefore, cannot be supposed to understand either its principles or its details—men, who are as ignorant of Photography as a science, as a horse is of the principles of the Steam engine—in a word, it has fallen into the hands of men whose only qualification to teach it is, their—ignorance.  Though there be many who practice the Daguerreotype as an art, yet how few are competent to explain it!  Their knowledge appears to be all in their fingers—and alas! that it appears so badly there—no in their heads,—I am persuaded that your citizens need only exercise their own discernment and sound practical good sense to perceive the difference toto caelo—between truth and fiction, knowledge and ignorance, merit and pretension.

I believe I am correct in saying that there never has been but one gentleman who has lectured upon this subject in this country, and he, I think, was a foreigner.  The fact is, there are no books upon the subject; those, therefore who investigate it must have resources within themselves—must be able by a knowledge of details to establish general principles and to carry them out into practice.  It is for this reason that I think that the lectures of Mr. S. will command the attention and receive the approbation of gentlemen of science and all the lovers of the arts.  I hope the good citizens of Bath will give him a hearing, as I doubt not they will find their evening spent in an agreeable and instructive manner.

I understand he intends to lecture on Monday evening next, of which I presume due notice will be given.

With respect to his Daguerreotype Portraitures I can only saying the language of one of your contemporary journals, “they are wonderfully perfect, and surpass in correctness and beauty any that I have ever seen; they as far exceed those that have often times come under my notice, as an exquisitely finished steel engraving does one coarsely and clumsily executed on wood.  Indeed, I can conceive of nothing which can be added to make his pictures more life-like, unless it be the colors and tints of nature itself.  In this respect only, if at all, can a painted portrait be preferred. In all others, in accuracy and and minuteness of delineation, in the striking correctness of the features, in the delicate alternations of light and shade, the Daguerreotype Miniatures is as much superior to a painting, as the veritable productions of Nature are to the pencillings of the most accomplished artist.  These superiorities, together with the ease with which the likenesses are taken, (requiring a sitting of only a few seconds,) and the low price at which they can be obtained, must render them exceedingly popular.”  But your citizens will be able by an inspection of his specimens, to satisfy themselves of the wonderful results of this process.

I doubt not that many of your friends and neighbors will embrace the opportunity that will be presented to them of  ‘seizing the shadow ere the substance fades’—of snatching from oblivion some faces, that are worth saving from the corrosions of time.”  Yours truly. 

The second announcement appeared on September 23, 1841. The Daguerreotype.  The lecture on this new discovery, alluded to in our last, will take place on Monday evening next.  The reason it did not occur on Monday evening last was owing to the providential detention of the Lecturer, Mr. Sullivan, in Boston.  We trust our citizens will give him a full house.    

The third announcement appeared on October 14, 1841.  The Daguerreotype.  We have taken the trouble to examine several specimens of Daguerreotype Miniatures in Mr. Sullivan’s room at the Elliot House, with which we were much pleased.  The weather since he has been here has been exceedingly unfavorable, requiring considerable experimenting, in order to turn off perfect likenesses.  His specimens to day are very nearly perfect; and to-morrow he will probably be able to make them first rate.  Every body should call and examine this truly wonderful process.           

The fourth announcement appeared on October 21, 1841.  Particular attention is invited to the advertisement of Mr. Sullivan, who is now prepared to take first rate miniatures at the Elliot House.—Call on, Ladies and Gentlemen.

The first advertisement ran from October 21 to December 2, 1841.  Photography. Mr. Sullivan would inform the citizens of bath and its vicinity, that he has made arrangements to take Daguerreotype Miniatures. at his rooms in the Elliot House, where he will remain for a few days only; and will be happy to show specimens of this beautiful art to any who may favor him with a call.

The second advertisement ran from December 16, 1841 to March 10, 1842.  Photography—Once More.  The Subscriber has returned to Bath, and having availed himself of some recent improvements in the Daguerreotype Art, offers to take Miniatures, better, quicker and cheaper than has been done before; and without regard to weather.  His stay will be short.—Please give him a call, at the Eliot House. 

Samuel S. Sullivan is not recorded in other photographic directories.