Ellis & Harper

1855                Corner of Court and Second Streets, Portsmouth, Ohio.

Ellis & Harper were recorded in two advertisements.  The first advertisement ran from February 9 to 23, 1855 in The Portsmouth Inquirer (Portsmouth, Ohio).  New Arrival!  Sky-Light.  Daguerreotypes The subscriber respectfully announces to the citizens of Portsmouth and vicinity, that they are in town and have located their Sky Light Daguerreotype Pavilion on the corner of Court and Second Streets, where they will remain for a few weeks, and are prepared to take likenesses true to nature, of a style and richness of execution not surpassed by any Artist in this place or in Southern Ohio.—Now is the time, while life, health and opportunity permit, to obtain these valuable keepsakes, those beautiful and never fading gems of Art and Nature.  Satisfaction guaranteed in all cases or no pay.  Ladies and Gentlemen are respectfully solicited to call at the Pavilion and examine specimens before purchasing elsewhere.  Having the advantage of a quick working Instrument of the latest improvement, also quick acting Chemicals, and a superior skylight, they are enabled to take Pictures instantaneously.  The subscribers do defy competition both in price and quality of pictures.  Operating hours in clear or cloudy weather from sun rise until sunset.  Hours for children, from 10 o’clock A. M. until 2 o’clock P. M.

Pictures taken as low as $1.00.  Post Mortem Pictures taken in the best style of the Art, and at short notice.  Particular attention paid to giving instructions in the Art.  Apparatus furnished on the most reasonable terms.  Ellis & Harper, Daguerreotypist.  Jan 31, 1855.

The second advertisement ran from March 2 to July 13, 1855 in The Portsmouth Inquirer.  (Portsmouth, Ohio).  Sky-Light Daguerrean Pavilion Corner of Court and Second Streets, Portsmouth O.  Ellis and Harper respectfully announces to the citizens of Portsmouth and the public generally, that they intend locating permanently and are prepared to take likenesses true to nature, of a style and richness of execution not surpassed by any Artist in this place or in Southern Ohio. All persons desiring their valuable keep sakes; will do well to visit the Pavilion and secure likenesses of themselves and friends.  Satisfaction guaranteed in all cases or no pay.  Having a quick working instrument, also quick acting Chemicals, and a superior Sky Light, they can take pictures instantaneously.  Pavilion open daily and perfect likenesses taken in cloudy as well as clear weather from sun rise until sunset.

Hours for children [clear weather] from 10 o’clock A. M. until 2 o’clock P. M.  The public are solicited to call and criticize specimens, whether wishing pictures or not.  Post Mortem Pictures taken at short notice.  Instructions in the Art given and   Apparatus furnished.  Terms reasonable.

Ellis, Harper and the partnership of Ellis & Harper are not recorded in other photographic directories.

Joseph Elfelt

1856                296 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[1]

Joseph Elfelt is recorded on April 1, 1856 in the Photographic and fine Arts Journal (New York, New York).  In an article entitled the Photographic Galleries of America.  Number Two, Philadelphia. The author visited 57 Galleries in Philadelphia.

Elfelt, Market St. — Some very excellent specimens of daguerreotyping, the photographs however are coarse and unpleasant to the eye. A little theoretical knowledge (to be derived from Books) would set this artist right.

Joseph Elfelt is recorded in other photographic directories, but is included because of the first- hand account of his work.

[1] Not all first names or complete addresses were recorded in article.   Directory of Pennsylvania Photographers, 1839-1900 (Linda A. Ries & Jay W. Ruby) and Craig’s Daguerreian Registry was used to assist in identification when possible first name and address were added.

Mr. Elam

1857                Address Unknown, Manchester, Virginia.

Mr. Elam was recorded in an announcement on May 28,1857 in The Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Virginia).  50 Cents, 50 Cents—Mr. Elam is now in Manchester with his big sky-light Daguerreotype wagon, and will remain positively but a few days only, as he has other engagements.  All who desire a good Daguerreotype likeness, would do well to go and have it at once, as his stay is so short in town.  The best of pictures taken for 50 cents.

They make a portrait of such beauteous mien,                                                                                            That to be loved, needs but to be seen;                                                                                                          If seen by you, the occasion you will embrace,                                                                                            To know yourself and grow familiar with your face.

Dress.  Dark attire is generally preferred to light; dark, red and green take black light; green and yellow not so good; pink and black very light.  Avoid too much white, particularly about the neck.  Remember this wagon will be here but a few days.

Mr. Elam is not recorded in other photographic directories.


1857                Rooms over James Campbell’s Store, Winchester, Tennessee.

Edwards of the partnership of Hubbard & Edwards was recorded in an advertisement that ran from March 20 to May 8, 1857 in The Home Journal (Winchester, Tennessee).  Ambrotypes~!  Hubbard & Edwards Have taken rooms, for a few weeks, over J. Campbell’s Store, where they are prepared to put up the new and Beautiful Style Of Pictures, Called Ambrotypes, in a manner superior to any taken in Winchester.  A new chemical process which they use in finishing off Pictures, renders them impervious to air, water, or acid, and they will retain their brilliancy for ages,—in short they never fade.

Pictures taken in all kinds of weather.  Children taken best from 8 to 12, A. M.

Edwards and Hubbard are not recorded in other photographic directories.

D. I. Edwards

Ca. 1854          Address Unknown, Cincinnati, Ohio.                                                                                    1854                  Greenwood’s Building, Second Story, Gallipolis, Ohio.                                                Ca. 1854          Address Unknown, Porter, Ohio.                                                                                        Ca. 1854          Address Unknown, Vinton, Ohio.                                                                                        Ca. 1854          Address Unknown, Wilkesville, Ohio.                                                                                    1857                  Isham House, Jackson, Ohio.                                                                                          1857-1858       Rooms at Sisson & Halbert’s Hotel, McArthur, Ohio.

D. I. Edwards was recorded in three advertisements and in three announcements. The first advertisement ran from June 29 to August 3, 1854 In the Gallipolis Journal (Gallipolis, Ohio). Pictures!  Pictures!!  Pictures!!!  “Secure the shadow ere the substance fade.”  What better memento can be given to those we love and cherish, and from whom we are about to be separated, “it may be for years, and it may be forever,” than a faithful resemblance of ourselves.  How pleasant to look upon when the dear one is wandering afar off; or perhaps, alas, numbered with the cold and silent dead.  What a melancholy, yet a pleasing recollection to ponder upon each well known feature, and call up pleasant memories, as we trace each lineament of the absent one; and how consoling to know that although distance divides, and oceans may roll between, still we have the image, as it were, living and breathing before us, and perhaps so life-like is the resemblance, if taken by a good artist, that the imagination is sometimes carried away, and we almost fancy we fear his “foot fall on the stairs.”  Hasten then while you have the opportunity and secure a correct picture, not one that you have to turn to all points of the compass, before you can catch a bare resemblance, but a fine, bold, artist picture that can at once be recognized by everybody.  D. I. Edwards, from Cincinnati, has opened a room in Greenwood’s Building, second street, where he will remain for a few days for the purpose of taking Daguerreotype Likenesses in the first style of the art.  He has a large instrument of very powerful construction, for the purpose of taking correct pictures of children and aged persons, whereby the time generally occupied for sitting is reduced one half.  An instrument of this kind has long been desired by artist, and he has had the good fortune to procure one.  Pictures taken in any weather, and put up in handsome morocco cases, lined with silk velvet, for $1.50.  Also, a large assortment of Paper Mache, Velvet, Plush, Shell, Book and fancy cases cheap.—Portraits, Miniatures, Daguerreotypes and engravings copied.  Likenesses set in lockets, breast-pins and finger-rings.  Call and see specimens, and pictures guaranteed equal to them.  Don’t forget, second story of Greenwood’s building.

In an announcement that ran on July 27, 1854 in the Gallipolis Journal (Gallipolis, Ohio). “Tis not in mortals to command success, But we’ll do more; deserve it.”—Shakespeare.  We are led to the above sentence from the “divine bard” on seeing the beautiful tone, and lifelike pictures that Edwards has been producing, during his stay among us.  Our citizens have been so often humbugged by itinerant botches that we have thought it our duty to warn our subscribers, so that they might not be imposed upon, and our citizens both in town and country were cautious in having their faces and features distorted from their natural position, by, it might be, some tyro in the art, but Edwards’ pictures soon convinced them of the real beauty of a fine Daguerreotype, and the consequence was a rush to his rooms, at Greenwood’s building.  Call and look at his numerous specimens of well known residents and we are sure you will not leave without “seeing yourselves as others see you.”  Edwards takes all pictures equal to specimens, and satisfaction guaranteed in all cases.  Mr. E. only requires a person to sit from 5 to 20 seconds, for a first rate picture.

The second announcement appeared on August 31, 1854 in the Gallipolis Journal (Gallipolis, Ohio).  We are requested to inform our subscribers in Porter, Vinton, and Wilksville, that Mr. Edwards the Daguerrian Artist, who has been operating in Gallipolis for the past two months, will visit the above named towns, commencing in Porter, for the purpose of taking Daguerreotype Pictures.  Mr. E. is a first rate artist, and has taken some of the best pictures ever seen in this town.  Call and see his specimens, which we think are hard to beat.

The third announcement appeared on April 9, 1857 in The Jackson Standard (Jackson, Ohio).  We are under obligations to D. I. Edwards, for late Cincinnati Papers.—Mr. Edwards intends visiting Jackson again in taking pictures.  See Advertisement.

The second advertisement ran from April 9 to July 9, 1857 in The Jackson Standard (Jackson, Ohio).  Embrace the present Opportunity, And Secure a Picture as Is A Picture!  D. I. Edwards, has the pleasure to announce to the citizens of Jackson, that he intends stopping for a short time, and has taken rooms at the Isham House, for the purpose of taking Ambrotype Pictures, in a new mode, and colored to represent life.  He invites particular attention to his new style of Pictures, called Melainotypes, which are superior to any thing ever made.

To put these new pictures within the reach of all, he has reduced the price of Pictures and Case, to One Dollar, guaranteeing them to be superior to any thing yet made in Jackson.  A large assortment of Lockets, Breastpins, and Fancy cases on hand.  Call early and secure one of the life-like pictures.

The third advertisement ran from November 19, 1857 to January 21, 1858 in the M’Arthur Democrat (McArthur, Ohio).  Call and Get a Picture while You Have The Opportunity!  D. I. Edwards Has taken rooms at Sisson & Halbert’s Hotel, for a short time only, for the purpose of taking Sun Pictures of all kinds and descriptions, by the Ambrotype process, and warranted correct likenesses.

Any kind of picture taken and put up in a good case For One Dollar!  N. B.  No suspension, but pictures taken in any weather.  McArthur, Nov. 12, 1857.

D. I. Edwards is not recorded in other photographic directories.


1858                Morse’s Building, corner Pike & Main Streets, Port Jervis, New York.

Edson of the partnership of Parish & Edson was recorded in an advertisement that ran from February 11 to March 25, 1858 in the Tri-State Union (Port Jervis, New York).   Ambrotypes and Albatypes.  Parish & Edson, the celebrated New York Artists, would respectfully inform the inhabitants of this place and vicinity, that they have taken and fitted up rooms for their business, and are now prepared to make pictures surpassed by none.

Large Size, Beautiful Colored, 50 Cents.  Faded Pictures restored.  All kinds of Pictures copied in the highest style of the art.  They are the inventors of the Albatus Lumin process, by which pictures can be taken equally as well in stormy as clear weather.  No one need stay away on account of clouds.  Entire satisfaction given or no charge.

They can be found for two weeks only, at Morse’s Building, Cor. Pike & Main Sts.  N. B.  The morning light is most suitable for taking pictures of children.

Edson is not recorded in other photographic directories.

Auguste Edouart

1844-1845       285 Broadway, New York, New York.

Auguste Edouart  is a known Silhouettist was recorded in two advertisements and one announcement in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  The first advertisement appeared on December 7, 1844. The Room Of An Artist.  The other day, we looked into the rooms of Mons. Edouart, 285 Broadway, to examine his large collection of silhouette likenesses.  It comprises an immense number of distinguished men and women, of various nations, all of them with their autographs, and date of the likeness.  Most of them were taken at their own residences, surrounded by their customary implements of employment or amusement.  There is Sir Walter Scott, in a pleasant room of Abbotsford, looking out upon the Frith of Forth; Hannah More at her own writing table; George Combe, with casts around him, and a skull in his hand; Paganini with his violin; Edward Irving in his pulpit, in various aspects of his impassioned gesture, &c.  This collection comprises 150,000 individuals, of whom 25,000 are Americans.  Among them we observed a variety of public characters—J. C. Adams, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Catherine M. Sedgwick, &c.

No one, who has any eye for art, can for a moment confound Mons. Edouart’s cuttings with common shadow likenesses or profiles.  There is all the difference between the two that there is between the scraping of a fiddle for a village dance, and the violin played by a master’s hand.  His likenesses are not only invariably accurate, but they are full of life, spirit, and expression.  Some of them seem actually to laugh, and talk, and think.  His imitations of various animals in hair-work are wonderfully perfect and life-like.  Hours might be spent pleasantly in examining the treasures of this room, the admission to which is free.

Those who wish to see this very curious collection, and avail themselves of the uncommon talent of the artist, will do well to call soon, as he intends to depart for Europe before long.

The second advertisement ran from February 10 to 15, 1845 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  No. 285 Broadway, Near Granite Buildings.  Monsieur Edouart, Silhouttist of the French and English Royal Families, respectfully informs the public that he has returned to New York, after a tour of four years through all the principal cities of the United States.  He brings with him a valuable collection of Likenesses of distinguished characters in the Church, State, Navy, Army, Literature, Science and Art.  His American amounts to 25,000, and his European to 125,000; all with their autographs appended.  This highly interesting collection is exhibited at his rooms, where there is free admission at all hours of the day.

Mr. E. continues to take single Likenesses or Family Groups, the accuracy of which are too  well known to the public to require the abundant and flattering testimonials that could easily be furnished.

Duplicates of the likenesses in his collection to be had, and families attended at their own residences, if requested.  Being about to leave this country for Europe, he invites his friends and the public generally to call as early as possible.

Likewise, Daguerreotype Likenesses taken from nature, Portraits and miniatures: copies of the Silhouette Family Group.

The announcement appeared on July 18, 1846 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  Saratoga—Art, Life, &c.  Correspondent of The Tribune.  Saratoga Springs, July 16, 1846….While writing about works of art, I would mention Mr. Johnson, The daguerreotype artist, and Mons. Edouart, the Silhouetteist, who are well known to old visitants here, having been here for several seasons.  They are both great artists in their way, and attract many visitors to their rooms, and even those loiterers who just stroll into their rooms to pass an idle moment by viewing their pictures, are many of them induced to get their own likenesses taken….

Auguste Edouart is not listed in other photographic directories.  Alexander Edouart is recorded in other photographic directories and was a portrait and landscape painter and photographer, active in New York City and San Francisco, California.  Alexander Edouart is the son of Auguste Edouart.  It is unknown if Auguste Edouart took daguerreotypes in Saratoga Spring, New York.

William G. Edgar

N. D.               Address Unknown, Petersburg, Virginia.                                                                                1855               Address Unknown. Lynchburg, Virginia.

William G. Edgar was recorded on September 1, 1855 in The Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Virginia.)  Sudden Death—Wm. G. Edgar, a daguerrean artist of Lynchburg, formerly of Petersburg, died suddenly Wednesday morning.  He was to have been married in two weeks from that day.

Edgar is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry with no first name as an operator for Jesse H. Whitehurst in Petersburg, Virginia.


1856                Address Unknown, New York, New York.[1]

Eddy was recorded on January 1, 1856 in the Photographic and fine Arts Journal  (New York, New York).  In an article entitled the Photographic Galleries of America.  Number One, New York. The author visited 69 Galleries in New York City.

Eddy — Most of these specimens bear examination. I should pronounce them fair. I should say however, that the process he employs (if I am not mistaken) is not calculated to produce a very sharp picture.

Craig’s Daguerreian Registry list three Eddy’s that were active in 1856, they are Amos, Lewis, and Nathan S.    He is recorded here because of the first-hand account of his work.

[1] Not all first names or complete addresses were recorded in article.   Craig’s Daguerreian Registry was used to assist in identification when possible first name and address were added.


D. J. Easton

C. 1844-1849  Address Unknown, Saratoga Springs, New York.                                                   1849                  Rooms in Younglove’s Hall, Union Village, New York.

D. J. Easton was recorded in an advertisement that ran from April 12 to June 14, 1849 in the Washington County Journal (Union Village, New York).  Daguerreotypes.  How often it is said after the deceased of a father, Mother, Brother, Sister, Child or Friend.  “O that I had his (or her) Likenesses,” (as the case may be.)

Friends “Secure the Shadow, ere the Substance Fades.”  D. J. Easton. Of Saratoga Springs, who has been known as a Daguerrian Artist for the last five years would respectfully inform the inhabitants of Union Village and vicinity that he has opened his Room in Younglove’s Hall, where he will be happy to wait upon those who may favor him with a call.

Having just procured a new Apparatus of the largest size in the world, and keeping pace with all the latest improvements in the business, he is sanguine of giving the most perfect satisfaction.

Pictures taken with or without Colors, without regard to weather, set in Rings, Pins, Bracelets, Lockets, cases, Tokens, or Frames.  Landscape views, copies of Paintings, of Daguerreotype likenesses of sick and deceased persons taken, if desired.

N. B.—Instruction in the Art given, and Apparatus furnished on reasonable terms.  Call And See.

D. J. Easton is not recorded in other photographic directories.