James C. Spencer

1845                Rooms over A. L. & G. N. Webb’s Store, Plattsburgh, New York.

James C. Spencer of the firm Barstow & Spencer was recorded in two advertisements that appeared in the Plattsburgh Republican (Plattsburgh, New York).  The first advertisement appeared on March 15, 1845.  Colored Photographs.  “First Come First Served.”  Barstow & Spencer Will remain in Plattsburgh for a short time only, taking Daguerreotype Miniatures, at the rooms hereto fore occupied by Geo. F. Barstow where they will be happy to attend to as many more as may choose to embrace the opportunity of obtaining, for a trifle, beautifully accurate likenesses of themselves or friends. 

Ladies and gentlemen are invited to call and examine specimens of their work.  Geo. F. Barstow. Jas. C. Spencer.  March 11.

The second advertisement appeared on May 10, 1845.  Plumbe’s Premium Colored Daguerreotypes.  Barstow and Spencer would inform the public that they will remain at their rooms one week longer, and that they have just returned from Plumbe’s National Miniature Gallery, New York, with the latest improvements in the Photographic Art; they are certain of giving their customers complete satisfaction by furnishing them with Pictures which for beauty and accuracy of delineation cannot be surpassed.

Ladies and Gentlemen are invited to call and examine the late specimens of their work.

Daguerreotype Apparatus and Stock of a superior quality, for sale.  Also, instruction in the art given on reasonable terms.  G. F. Barstow,  J. C. Spencer. 

James C. Spencer is not recorded in other photographic directories.

E. Spencer

1851-1852       Room on Bridge Street, over Allen’s Store, Oswego, New York.

E. Spencer was recorded in two advertisements that appeared in The Oswego Daily Palladium  (Oswego, New York).  The first advertisement ran from August 1, 1851 to February 11, 1852. New Daguerrian Gallery.  R. Spencer, Having taken the rooms formerly occupied by S. B. Henderson, opposite City Hotel, is prepared to execute sky-light miniature Likenesses of various dimensions, unsurpassed in delicacy of tone and brilliancy of finish.  Having had some years’ experience in the art, and with his present facilities for executing good Miniatures, he hopes to merit and receive a share of public patronage.  Oswego, May 16, 1851.

The second advertisement ran from August 4, 1851 to March 9, 1852.  E. Spencer, Daguerrean Artist, Room on Bridge street, nearly opposite the City Hotel, over Allen’s store.  Likenesses taken at any time between 8 o’clock A. M. and 6 P. M., and in cloudy as well as fair weather.

E. Spencer is not recorded in other photographic directories.

John Spence

1854                Address Unknown, Opelousas, Louisiana.

John Spence was recorded in one announcement on May 27, 1854 in The Opelousas Courier  (Opelousas, Louisiana).  In a few days one of our young Opelousas creole, Mr. John Spence, now a Daguerreotype Artist, will be on a professional visit in our town, to claim a share of our patronage.  Several specimens of portraits taken by him, shows that he understands his profession.  We recommend him to our friends and principally to the ladies.  It is quite natural that we should encourage one of our own before any other.

John Spence is not recorded in other photographic directories.

Charles M. Speelman

1859                Rooms over the Chronicle Office, Penn-Yan, New York.

Charles M. Speelman was recorded in three announcements and three advertisements.  The first announcement appeared on March 9, 1859 in the Penn Yan Democrat (Penn-Yan, New York.   

Photographs, Daguerreotypes, &c.  Mr. T. J. B. House has disposed of his Photograph and Daguerrean Gallery to Mr. C. M. Speelman, who is to take possession on Monday next.  While we regret to part with Mr. House, we are well pleased to know that his successor is fully qualified to fill his place.  Mr. Speelman is an excellent artist and a through gentleman.  He has had much experience in taking pictures, and we are quite sure Mr. House’s patrons will lose nothing by the change, should they wish anything in the line of Photographs, Ambrotypes, Daguerreotypes, &c.  We predict for our young friend Speelman abundant success.

The second announcement appeared on March 10, 1859 in the Yates County Chronicle (Penn Yan, New York).  Mr. T. J. B. House has sold his Photograph and Ambrotype Gallery together with his entire business, to Mr. Charles M. Speelman of Torrey.  Mr. House is an excellent artist, and a very worthy man.  He has made best of friends during his stay of two years in Penn Yan who will regret his departure.  The young man who takes his place is said to be a skillful artists and worthy successor to Mr. House.

The first advertisement ran from March 30 to August 17, 1859 in the Penn Yan Democrat (Penn-Yan, New York).  Photographs, Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, &c., Penn Yan, N. Y.  Charles M. Speelman Having purchased the Rooms of T. J. B. House, over the Chronicle office, will carry on the business in all its branches.

Photographs Taken Any Size.  He hopes, by strict attention to business, to retain the public patronage that has ever been given to these rooms.

None But The Best Kind of Pictures taken at this Gallery.  His Instruments are of the best manufacture.  His stock is of the Latest Style and patterns in the New York Market.

Pictures from 50 Cents Upwards.  Cha’s M. Speelman.

The second advertisement ran from March 24 to May 5, 1859 in the Yates County Chronicle  (Pen Yan, New York).   Photographs, Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, &c., Penn Yan, N. Y.  Charles M. Speelman Having purchased the Rooms of T. J. B. House, over the Chronicle office, will carry on the business in all its branches.  Photographs taken any size.  This is the only room in Yates County where Photographs are taken.  He hopes, by strict attention to business, to retain the public patronage that has ever been given to these rooms.

None but the Best Kind of Pictures taken at this Gallery.  His instruments are of the best manufacture.  His [stock] is of the latest style and patterns in the New York Market.

Pictures from 50 Cents Upwards.  Cha’s M. Speelman.

The third announcement appeared on May 11, 1859 in the Penn Yan Democrat (Penn-Yan, New York).   Pictures.  Mr. Speelman has recently added largely to his stock of plain and fancy Cases, &c., and has reduced his prices for Photographs, Ambrotypes and melainotypes.  He takes excellent pictures, and should be liberally patronized.  See his advertisement in another column.

The third advertisement ran from May 12 to July 14, 1859 in the Yates County Chronicle (Pen Yan, New York).  Pictures!  Pictures.  Photographs, Ambrotypes, And Melainotypes, At Speelman’s Gallery, (over the Chronicle’s Office.)

Mr. Speelman continues to take the best Pictures in Town.  Photographs, Ambrotypes, and in fact, every kind of Picture of his [Profession.]  A large stock of Plain & Fancy Cases Just Received, and Prices Lower then ever before.  Call and examine them.  Particular attention paid to copying , and all work warranted to give entire satisfaction.

Charles M. Speelman is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in West Dresden New York in 1859 without a business address.  There are several scenarios that I would suggest. First—the distance between Pen Yan and West Dresden is less then six miles, Speelman might have had a gallery in both towns.  Second—he might have had a gallery there before March 9 or after July 14th.  Third—since he was recorded in the residence section of the city directory without an address he probably lived in West Dresden and worked in Pen Yan.  Having done a lot of work with city directories this has always puzzled me why did they not add a business address.  Either they worked in a different town or it is also possible they were employed by someone else, another suggestion is they were semi-retired, or in-between jobs.  

J. H. Spear

1849-1853       Rooms in Hall’s Long Building, Main Street, Brattleboro, Vermont.

J. H. Spear was recorded in four advertisement in the Windham County Democrat (Brattleboro, Vermont).  In addition to yesterday’s post of Spear & Mack’s one announcement and two advertisements.  The first advertisement appeared on July 16, 1851.  Note the date of the advertisement of April 1, 1851.  Daguerreotypes!  J. H. Spear’s Daguerrean Gallery is the place to get as good a Daguerreotype Likeness as can be obtained in the State.  Skylight Used.

Pictures taken in all weathers, and perfect satisfaction warranted or no charge. Hall’s Long Building, Main st.  Brattleboro, April 1, 1851.

The second advertisement appeared on August 27, 1851.  Again note the date of advertisement July 28, 1851.  Vermont Daguerrean Gallery.  The subscriber, thankful for the very liberal patronage received for the past two years, would inform the citizens of Brattleboro and the adjoining towns, that having Newly Fitted Up His Rooms, and spared no pains or expense to obtain all the Late Improvements in the Art, is now able to produce Pictures that cannot fail to give Perfect Satisfaction.

Prices varying from $1 to $6, according to the Size and Style of the Case.  Hall’s Long Building, Main Street.  J. H. Spear.  Brattleboro, July 28, ’51.

The third advertisement appeared on July 7, 1852  J. H. Spear’s Sky-Light Daguerreotype Rooms, Hall’s Long Building, Main Street.

Pictures taken in all weather and perfect satisfaction warranted or no charge.  Prices from One to Eight Dollars.  Brattleboro, Sept. 10th, 1851.  

The fourth advertisement appeared on January 26, 1853.  Daguerreotyping, The subscriber would respectfully give notice to the inhabitants of Brattleboro and vicinity that he has taken the rooms formerly occupied by J. H. Spear for the purpose of taking and putting up Daguerreotypes in all the various styles of the art, such as Rings, Pins, Lockets, cases, frames, &c., &c.

All who feel interested in this beautiful art, and especially those who wish to obtain a perfect and pleasing Daguerreotype Likeness of themselves or friends, are respectfully invited to give him a call, and secure one or more of those Beautiful Mementoes of Life, ere it shall be too light.  The pictures taken by the subscriber, for the richness and softness of tone, the clearness and distinctness of the expression of the eyes, are not surpassed by any.

Daguerreotypes and Paintings of all kinds, copied in the very best manner.  Perfect satisfaction given or no charge will be made, as none but good work will be allowed to go from this room.  J. L. Lovell.  Brattleboro, Jan. 6, 1853

J. H. Spear is not recorded in other photographic directories as being active in Brattleboro, Vermont.  J. H. Spear was in the partnership of Spear & Mack in 1849.  It is possible that this is James H. Spear who was active in Springfield, Massachusetts.  Note on the Windham County Democrat I only had access to twenty issues between 1842 to 1853.

Spear & Mack

1849                Hall’s Long Building, Brattleboro, Vermont.

Spear & Mack (James H. Spear & J. C. Mack) were recorded in one announcement and two advertisements in the Vermont Phoenix (Brattleboro, Vermont).  The announcement appeared on April 27, 1849.  Daguerreotypes.—Messrs. Cooley & West have been succeeded in the Daguerreotype business in this village, by Messrs. Spear and Mack, at the old stand, Hall’s Long Building.  With the best apparatus and materials, united to skill and experience, the new comers are prepared to portray the “human face divine” in any style that may be desired, to the perfect satisfaction of sitters.  [Advertisement Next Week.] 

The first advertisement ran from May 4 to June 1, 1849.  As It Should Be.  Vermont Daguerrian Gallery.  Messrs. Spear & Mack, Successors to Cooley & West, having recently purchased the interest in the same, and having had their Rooms fitted up with all the late Improvements of the “Sky-Light,” after the style of our best City Operators, with an entire New Stock of Plates, Chemicals, &c.  are now prepared to take Pictures, in groups or single, on large or small sized Plates; and with the use of their new, splendid, and recently imported German Camera, are now prepared to take Pictures equal to any taken at any other establishment in the United States,—having had long experience in the business, they cannot fail of giving perfect representations of the original, in point of light, shade, and color.

Pictures taken in cloudy as well as in fair weather, with the use of their new “Camera,” which requires a thorough knowledge of the difference in time (required to sit).

Likenesses taken of sick or deceased persons, Portraits, Daguerreotype and Painted Miniatures, Landscapes, Buildings, &c., &c., copied with accuracy and at short notice.

Terms reasonable and satisfaction warranted.

The inhabitants of Brattleboro and vicinity are most respectfully invited to their rooms and see specimens recently taken.

Also We keep constantly on hand an assortment of Plates, Cases, Chemicals, &c., adapted to the Daguerrian trade, which we will sell as low as can be purchased elsewhere.  J. H. Spear, J. C. Mack. Brattleboro, April 23.

The second advertisement ran from June 1 to August 17, 1849.  Daguerreotypes.  Vermont Daguerrian Gallery.  Messrs. Spear & Mac, having recently purchased the interest of Cooley & West in this establishment, and fitted their room up with all the late improvements in the Art, including a Sky-Light after the style of the best city Operators, are prepared, with their lately imported German Camera, to take pictures equal to those taken at any other establishment in the United States.  Pictures taken in cloudy as well as fair weather.

Terms reasonable and satisfaction warranted.

Please call and examine specimens, at Hall’s Long Building.

Instruction given in the Art.                          

Spear & Mack are not recorded in other photographic directories as being partners.  James H. Spear is recorded in other photographic directories as being active in Springfield, Massachusetts 1853–1856 . J. H. Spear will be posted in tomorrow’s post as being active until 1853 in Brattleboro, Vermont.  It is possible they are the same person. J. C. Mack is not recorded in other photographic directories.

Henry G. Spaulding

1847                Lynde Place, Salem, Massachusetts.

Henry G. Spaulding appeared in one announcement in the Salem Register  (Salem, Massachusetts) on July 22, 1847. Robbery.  The daguerreotype rooms of Henry G. Spaulding, in Lynde Place, was entered on Sunday night, and money to the amount of $425, and jewelry to the probable value of $250, stolen therefrom.  Mr. Spaulding left his room about 10 o’clock in the evening, and in the morning the door and window were found open, his daguerreotype instrument and specimens packed up in boxes, one inside and one outside the door, and the money and jewelry, which were in a small box or trunk, gone.  A bill of the Dover (N.H.) Bank, for $100, was among the money taken.

Henry G. Spaulding is not recorded in other photographic directories.

A. Somes

1856                Furman’s Building, State Street, Schenectady, New York.

A. Somes appeared in one announcement in The Schenectady Cabinet (Schenectady, New York) on January 1, 1856. Mr. A. Somes, daguerreotypist, has, by repeated experiments in the new and beautiful art of Ambrotyping, brought it to high perfection.  We recommend to all who desire a perfect and durable likeness, to call on him at his rooms in Furman’s building, State-street.

A. Somes is recorded in other photographic directories as being a daguerreotypist, active in 1857-1858 in Schenectady.

J. M. Snyder

1859                Rooms at Light Street, Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania.

J. M. Snyder appeared in one announcement in The Star of the North (Bloomsburg, Pennsylvania) on March 2, 1850.  Melainotypes.  We were shown some beautiful specimens of Melainotypes taken by our friend J. M. Snyder, who is now operating at Light Street, and for richness of tone, life-like and durability, surpass any thing we have as yet seen in the Photographic art.  Those wishing a perfect picture either of themselves or friends, cannot meet with a better opportunity.  Mr. Snyder has been attentively engaged in the business for several years and guarantees general satisfaction.  Give him a trial, and judge for yourselves.

J. M. Snyder is not recorded in other photographic directories.

George William (M.) Snyder

1856                316 North Second, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[1]

George William (M.) Snyder of the firm Lovatt and Snyder was recorded in the Photographic and fine Arts Journal (New York, New York) on April 1, 1856.  In an article entitled the Photographic Galleries of America.  Number Two, Philadelphia. The author visited 57 Galleries in Philadelphia.  Lovatt & Snyder.—Passably fair pictures, from the situation of gallery &c., should suppose it was for the accommodation of the lower twenty.

George William (M.) Snyder is recorded in other photographic directories but is included here because of the first-hand account of his work.  There seems to be some confusion as his name John list him as George W. (M.) Snyder, Directory Of Pennsylvania Photographers 1839-1900 records him as George William Snyder, but as a side note as G. W. M. Snyder between 1856-1860.


[1] Not all first names or complete addresses were recorded in article.   Craig’s Daguerreian Registry and Directory Of Pennsylvania Photographers 1839-1900 was used to assist in identification when possible first name and address were added.