Category Archives: Portrait Painter

M. W. Fitch

1855-1860       Address Unknown, Freemont, Ohio.[1]                                                                      1856-1859       Rooms in Nims’ Block, Fremont, Ohio.                                                                                  1859                   Rooms Over the Bank of Fremont, corner of Front and Croghan Streets,                                         Fremont, Ohio.

M. W. Fitch was recorded in three announcements and two advertisements. The first announcement appeared on October 24, 1856 in the Fremont Journal (Fremont, Ohio). Ambrotypes and Painting.  Mr. A. D. Wiles, has sold his stock, fixtures, &c. in the ambrotype business, and removed from the place.  His successor, Mr. Fitch, will continue to occupy the same rooms.  Mr. F., is also a very fine painter; and those of our citizens who wish can have the opportunity of sitting for their portraits.  Call at his rooms.

The first advertisement ran from October 31, 1856 to March 11, 1859 in the Fremont Journal.  (Fremont, Ohio).  Fitch’s Gallery of Art.  Ambrotypes, Daguerreotypes and Photographs taken in superior style.  Also, Portraits painted Life Size, either from the sitter, or from Daguerreotypes, and satisfaction warranted in all cases.

I have lately purchased the stock, fixtures, &c., belonging to the A. D. Wiles’ room, in Nims’ block, and shall continue the business at the same place, where I shall be happy to attend to those who favor me with a call.  Instruction given in Ambrotyping, also in Portrait and landscape painting.  M. W. Fitch.  Fremont. Oct. 31, 1856.

The second announcement appeared on October 8, 1858 in the Fremont Journal (Fremont, Ohio).  Sandusky County Fair.  This annual exhibition which came off on the Agricultural Society’s grounds in Fremont…Painting, Printing, &c., No. 31.

5.  Ambrotypes…M. W. Fitch.                                                                                                                                6.  Oil Painting….M. W. Fitch.

The announcement appeared on October 15, 1858 in the Fremont Journal (Fremont, Ohio).  Sandusky County Fair, 1858.  Premiums Awarded…No. 31—Painting and Printing….

M. W. Fitch, Ambrotypes…Diploma.                                                                                                              M. W. Fitch, Oil Painting….Diploma.

The second advertisement ran from March 18 to December 30, 1859.  In the Fremont Journal (Fremont, Ohio).  Ambrotypes.    M. W. Fitch, takes pleasure in saying to his numerous patrons and friends, that he is still Making Pictures in the Best Style, and on as reasonable terms as any artist in town.  He has Lately added a large Camera, to his apparatus capable of taking ambrotypes direct from the sitter.  Oil paintings made from daguerreotypes or from life and warranted satisfactory.  Instructions given in the business. Rooms—Over the Bank of Fremont, corner of Front and Croghan Streets.  M. W. Fitch.   Fremont, March 18, 1859.

M. W. Fitch was recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in Fremont, Ohio for 1859-1860.

[1] Ohio Photographers 1839-1900 by Diane VanSkiver Gagel.

Auguste Edouart

1844-1845       285 Broadway, New York, New York.

Auguste Edouart  is a known Silhouettist was recorded in two advertisements and one announcement in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  The first advertisement appeared on December 7, 1844. The Room Of An Artist.  The other day, we looked into the rooms of Mons. Edouart, 285 Broadway, to examine his large collection of silhouette likenesses.  It comprises an immense number of distinguished men and women, of various nations, all of them with their autographs, and date of the likeness.  Most of them were taken at their own residences, surrounded by their customary implements of employment or amusement.  There is Sir Walter Scott, in a pleasant room of Abbotsford, looking out upon the Frith of Forth; Hannah More at her own writing table; George Combe, with casts around him, and a skull in his hand; Paganini with his violin; Edward Irving in his pulpit, in various aspects of his impassioned gesture, &c.  This collection comprises 150,000 individuals, of whom 25,000 are Americans.  Among them we observed a variety of public characters—J. C. Adams, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Catherine M. Sedgwick, &c.

No one, who has any eye for art, can for a moment confound Mons. Edouart’s cuttings with common shadow likenesses or profiles.  There is all the difference between the two that there is between the scraping of a fiddle for a village dance, and the violin played by a master’s hand.  His likenesses are not only invariably accurate, but they are full of life, spirit, and expression.  Some of them seem actually to laugh, and talk, and think.  His imitations of various animals in hair-work are wonderfully perfect and life-like.  Hours might be spent pleasantly in examining the treasures of this room, the admission to which is free.

Those who wish to see this very curious collection, and avail themselves of the uncommon talent of the artist, will do well to call soon, as he intends to depart for Europe before long.

The second advertisement ran from February 10 to 15, 1845 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  No. 285 Broadway, Near Granite Buildings.  Monsieur Edouart, Silhouttist of the French and English Royal Families, respectfully informs the public that he has returned to New York, after a tour of four years through all the principal cities of the United States.  He brings with him a valuable collection of Likenesses of distinguished characters in the Church, State, Navy, Army, Literature, Science and Art.  His American amounts to 25,000, and his European to 125,000; all with their autographs appended.  This highly interesting collection is exhibited at his rooms, where there is free admission at all hours of the day.

Mr. E. continues to take single Likenesses or Family Groups, the accuracy of which are too  well known to the public to require the abundant and flattering testimonials that could easily be furnished.

Duplicates of the likenesses in his collection to be had, and families attended at their own residences, if requested.  Being about to leave this country for Europe, he invites his friends and the public generally to call as early as possible.

Likewise, Daguerreotype Likenesses taken from nature, Portraits and miniatures: copies of the Silhouette Family Group.

The announcement appeared on July 18, 1846 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  Saratoga—Art, Life, &c.  Correspondent of The Tribune.  Saratoga Springs, July 16, 1846….While writing about works of art, I would mention Mr. Johnson, The daguerreotype artist, and Mons. Edouart, the Silhouetteist, who are well known to old visitants here, having been here for several seasons.  They are both great artists in their way, and attract many visitors to their rooms, and even those loiterers who just stroll into their rooms to pass an idle moment by viewing their pictures, are many of them induced to get their own likenesses taken….

Auguste Edouart is not listed in other photographic directories.  Alexander Edouart is recorded in other photographic directories and was a portrait and landscape painter and photographer, active in New York City and San Francisco, California.  Alexander Edouart is the son of Auguste Edouart.  It is unknown if Auguste Edouart took daguerreotypes in Saratoga Spring, New York.

J. W. & E. S. Dodge

1856                Rooms over Hicks’ China Hall, Nashville, Tennessee

J. W. & E. S. Wood were recorded in an announcement on October 26, 1856 in the Nashville Union and American (Nashville, Tennessee). Mechanics’ Institute.  Second Annual Exhibition.  Premiums Awarded…   Class No. 6—Marble Work, Paintings, Drawing, Daguerreotypes, Etc.

J. W. & E. S. Dodge, Nashville, Miniatures on Ivory……………………. 5.                                            J. W. & E. S. Dodge, Nashville, Photographs, plain and colored…….…5.                                          A. Larcomb, Nashville, Ambrotypes……………………………….……. 5.                            Hughes Brothers, Nashville, Daguerreotypes……………………………5.

The identity of the J. W. is probably John Wood Dodge who was active in St. Louis, Missouri in 1855 and in Nashville, Tennessee from 1855-1858(+).  E. S. is probably Edward Samuel Dodge.  In looking through genealogical records I discovered that they were in fact brothers.  Both were painters and are recorded in the New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artist in American 1564-1860.  Craig’s Daguerreian Registry list Edward Samuel in Richmond, Virginia in 1844 and Augusta, Georgia in 1850-1853.  Early Georgia Photographers 1841-1861 a Biographical Checklist Compiled by E. Lee Eltzroth list him in in Augusta, Georgia from 1848-1853.

Mr. Coutant

1859                Rooms at the store recently occupied by G. P. Brinck, on Texas Street,                                              Shreveport, Louisiana.

Mr. Coutant was recorded in an announcement on January 19, 1859 in The South-Western  (Shreveport, Louisiana).  Portraits.—Those wishing to obtain handsome and life-like portraits, miniatures, photograph or ambrotype pictures, are referred to the card of Mr. Coutant.

He was also recorded in an advertisement that ran from January 19 to February 9, 1859 in The South-Western (Shreveport, Louisiana).  W. H. Coutant. Portrait Painter, Photographist and Ambrotypist, Respectfully inform the citizens of Shreveport, that he has taken rooms at the store recently occupied by G. P. Brinck, on Texas street, where he would be pleased to execute all orders in the above arts entrusted to him.

Mr. Coutant is not recorded in other photographic directories.  A listing for W. H. Coutant, was found The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary Of American Artists In America 1564-1860. W. H. Coutant, miniaturist, New Orleans, 1832.  This is possibly the same person.

W. Cooper

1857                49 Church Street, Nashville, Tennessee.

W. Cooper was recorded in an announcement on October 31, 1857 in The Winchester Home Journal (Winchester, Tennessee).  Portrait Painting.  W. Cooper, is permanently located in Nashville, at number 49, Church street, over Cornelius’ Furniture store, and is prepared to paint Portraits and Photographic Likenesses, from Miniature to Life size, at short notice, and entire satisfaction given.  Persons at a distance can send their pictures, which will answer all purposes.

W. Cooper is not listed in other photographic directories or in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artists in America 1856-1860.

W. H. Conant

1859                292 Main Street, Calhoun Block, Memphis Tennessee.

W. H. Conant was recorded in an announcement on July 30, 1859 in the Memphis Daily Appeal (Memphis, Tennessee).  Artistic.—W. H. Conant, portrait painter and Photographist, respectfully informs the citizens of Memphis that he has taken rooms in the Calhoun Block, No. 292 Main street, adjoining Mr. Yearout’s daguerrean gallery. Portraits and photographs in oil on canvass, cabinet or life size, will be painted from life, ambrotypes or daguerreotypes.

W. H. Conant is not recorded in other photographic directories. He was also not listed in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of American Artist 1564-1860.

Richard Clague

N. D.                Address Unknown, New Orleans, Louisiana.                                                                        N. D.                Address Unknown, Paris France.                                                                                  1857                Address Unknown, Africa.

Richard Clague was recorded in an announcement on September 17, 1857 in the Green-Mountain Freeman (Montpelier, Vermont).  African Explorations… October last, under the auspices of Mahommed Said, the present enlightened Viceroy of Egypt.  The expedition was planned by M. I’Escatrac de Lauture, a Frenchman, who was joined by sis of his own countrymen, four Austrian gentlemen, one Prussia, an Englishman, and one American, all of them men of scientific professions, or attainment.  The American was Mr. Clagne, of New Orleans, a photographic artist.

Richard Clague is not recorded in any of the photographic directories I have referenced.  In fact every reference I have checked only refers to his landscape/portrait painting.  According to The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artist in America 1564-1860 Clague was an artist, teacher and landscape painter, who is recorded as being in New Orleans in 1851.  A search of the New Orleans newspapers might shed more light on Clague’s photographic career.

Professor J. Edwin Churchill

1856                434 Pennsylvania Avenue, Between 4½ and 6th Streets, Washington, D. C. 1857                Address and Location Unknown

Professor J. Edwin Churchill was recorded in two announcements, the first on September 6, 1856 in the Evening Star (Washington, D. C.).  ….Prof. J. E. Churchill, the distinguished American artist, is in this city.  Some of his exquisite specimens of photographs in oil, among which is a fine likeness of Mrs. Julia Dean Hayne, may be seen at Whitehurst’s gallery.

The second on August 26, 1857 in the same paper.  Prof. J. E. Churchill has just finished a fine photographic portrait in oil, of President Buchanan.

According to The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artist in America 1564-1860 J. Edwin Churchill is recorded as a portrait painted in Philadelphia in 1860.

Jefferson Beardsley

Jefferson Beardsley (1833-1895) was recorded in an advertisement in the Ithaca Journal and Advertiser (Ithaca, New York) on September 15, 1858 and which ran until February 23, 1859.  His address is based on Moses Reeves’s advertisement 49 Owego Street, over T. C. Thompson’s Merchant Tailor’s store, Ithaca.

The Sun Still Shines!  “By their Works ye know them.”  I would respectfully announce to the citizens of Ithaca and surrounding country, that I have taken the rooms formerly occupied by M. Reeves, over T. C. Thompson’s and 2 doors west of Culver’s store, where I am prepared to take all kinds of Photographic Pictures in a superior manner.  I will take pictures of Invalids or Deceased Persons, at their residence, on the most reasonable terms and the shortest possible notice.  Portraits painted—miniature or life size—in oil and crayon, Views of residences, Draughting and pictures of every description painted to Order.

Another example of a painter doing photography.  After doing an internet search for Jefferson Beardsley.  I found out that he was a portrait and landscape painter and photographer, working into the 1880’s and possibly beyond.  He is listed in The New York Historical Society Dictionary of Artist in America, 1864-1860.  As a genre painter, Ithaca (N. Y.), exhibited at the National Academy in 1859.

A foot note Beardsley attended the American Centennial Celebration in Philadelphia in 1876 and evidently purchased photographs of French pornography, sometime after he returned home he was charged with a crime and stood trial after college student and young men came in contact with them, he was also accused of making copies.  At the end of the trial he was sentenced to six months of hard labor.[1]

[1] Zen And The Art Of Local History (edited by Carol Kammen, Bob Beatty) p. 103-110.

A. Andrews

On September 20, 1853 A. Andrews advertises in the Penn Yan Democrat, Penn-Yan, New York.  Offering his daguerreotype apparatus for sale.  The subscriber having tried daguerreotyping to his heart contented, or rather discontented, has returned to his first love. “portrait painting, and now wishes to sell out his whole apparatus.  He has on hand a full and complete apparatus, chemicals, a snug little outfit of Plates, Cases, Lockets, &c. all of which he will sell upon the most reasonable terms for Ready Cash

Any one wishing to embark in the Daguerrian business cannot do better than to call on the subscriber at his rooms in Penn Yan, in the old Stewart & Tunnicliff building, up stairs.

There is only one A.  Andrews listed in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artists In America 1564-1860.  It is Ambrose Andrews, but there is no proof at this time that they are the same person.