Category Archives: Photographs

Lewis V. Staffer

1856                Over Baird’s Jewelry Store, Allen’s Block, Ravenna, Ohio.

Lewis V. Staffer was recorded in eight announcements and nine advertisements in The Weekly Portage Sentinel (Ravenna, Ohio).  The first announcement appeared on August 21, 1856. 

Pictures.—Those who desire to obtain valuable and correct likenesses of themselves or their friends, should call at the Ambrotype rooms of Staffer & Stedman in Allen’s Block.  See Advertisement.

The first advertisement ran from August 21 to December 11, 1856.  Ambrotypes!  Ambrotypes taken by Staffer & Stedman, at their Rooms over Baird’s Jewelry Store, Allen’s Block, Ravenna, O., for seventy-Five Cents, where every variety of likenesses can be obtained.  Ambrotypes inserted in breast pins and lockets.  Whole size likenesses for $5 and $6—former price $10 and $12.  Particular attention paid to taking the likenesses of children.  Having a large sky and side light, impressions taken in from three to five seconds.  Our likenesses are all positive and not reversed. All work warranted.  Likenesses taken either in clear or cloudy weather.  August 21, 1855.

The second advertisement ran from September 4 to December 11, 1856.  Something New.—Staffer & Stedman are now taking Ambrotypes on Paper.  The finest articles in the picture line to send by mail, as it cost no extra postage. 

The second announcement appeared on September 25, 1856.  Portage Co. Agricultural Society.  At the Portage County Agricultural Fair, held September 17th and 18th, 1856, premiums were awarded as follows…On Miscellaneous Manufactured Art… 

L. V. Staffer & Co., Best specimen daguerreotype pictures,  dip.   

The third advertisement ran from October 16, 1856 to May 21, 1857.  Premium Ambrotypes and Daguerreotypes.  L. V. Staffer  Co., respectfully invite the public to call at their rooms over Baird’s Jewelry, Allen’s Block, Ravenna, and examine their specimens upon which they received the first premium at the last county fair.  We offer the following reasons why we can produce better pictures than can be obtained elsewhere in this county.  We have the largest and most powerful camera in this section of the state.  Our light is so arranged as not only to give a life like expression to the features, but also drapery of the utmost beauty and richness.  (The want of which is a great fault in the work of some operators.)  We use the genuine chemicals, regardless of expense, and having had ten years experience in the art we know that we can produce better results than the mere tyro of a few months practice.  Those wishing good pictures of themselves or friends will find it to their advantage to call at our rooms and be convinced that this is the place to get a perfect likeness.  Prices as low as in any rooms of good repute in Northern Ohio. Children’s likenesses taken in one or two seconds.  We seldom fail to get a good likeness of the most restless.

Daguerreotypes.—As there are some who still prefer this style, we would say that we are at all times prepared to take them.

Caution.—The public are cautioned against Ambrotypes backed up with black paint or varnished, as the backing will crack eventually and the picture become worthless.  All good operators have discarded this process, we have not used it for many months and all persons having pictures put up by us in that way, are invited to call and when they become cracked and have them made good.  Such pictures can be known by their having a glass over the matting, the position of the setter being reversed, and having a dull appearances at arms length,.

Remember the place, over Baird’s Jewelry Store.  Oct., 16, 1856.  L. V. Staffer  Co.

The third announcement appeared on December 25, 1856.  Holiday Gifts.—We have no doubt but that many of our readers are now thinking of what articles they shall get, with which to present their friends during the present holiday season.  Every body knows that wearing apparel is not a proper article for a gift, and jewelry is considered by many to be equally improper.  Now is this state of the case, we know of nothing more appropriate than an accurate likeness of one’s “own dear self.”  This is a gift which can be received by any one without the least violation of the rules of etiquette, and persons who present such an article are not likely to be soon forgotten, from the fact that whenever it is looked upon, the ‘phiz” of the donor will be observed.  In our peregrinations last week, we called at the Ambrotype Rooms of L. V. Staffer & Co., in Allen’s Block, and if the specimens which were shown us can be taken as an evidence of skill, we have no hesitation in saying that Mr. Staffer stands unrivalled in his profession.  For accuracy, and all other points which go to make up a good picture, he cannot, in our judgement, be excelled by any operator in Northern Ohio.  Call at his Rooms, examine his specimens and our word for it, you will coincide in what we say.

The fourth announcement appeared on March 5, 1857.  Garroting.—The frequency with which this new process of securing victims occurs is truly alarming, and we notice that it has arrested the attention of the Legislature of Massachusetts, who deem it of sufficient importance to appoint a committee to devise [means] of prevention.  The prominent distinctive feature of garroting, is taking the intended victim by the throat, which operation is not at all calculated to amuse the subject, especially if he loses his watch and money.  Now the method of garroting, adopted by Staffer is rather pleasant.  It is true he takes some of your money from you, but he takes you by the hand with a gentlemanly [sir], and gives you an equivalent in the shape of an accurate and life-like Ambrotype.  Call and see him.   

The fifth announcement appeared on May 21, 1857.  Photographs, Ambrotypes And Daguerreotypes.—Our neighbor, L. V. Staffer, is now better prepared than ever to wait on those who may wish anything in the above line.  Mr. S. being one of the best artists in Ohio, and naturally a man of fine taste in arranging drapery, etc., should be patronized by those wishing correct representations of themselves or friends.  Call and examine his specimens.

The fourth advertisement ran from May 21 to September 17, 1857.  Get Your Photographs, Ambrotypes, etc., at Staffer & Co.  Rooms over Baird’s Jewelry Store, Ravenna, O.

The fifth advertisement ran from May 21 to November 5, 1857.  L. V. Staffer & CO., Photograph, Ambrotype And Daguerreotype Artists, (Rooms over Baird’s Jewelry Store, Allen’s Block.)  Are prepared to take every known kind of Likeness in the most superior style.

Photographs!—From the smallest, suitable to send by mail, to the splendid life and cabinet size, colored in oil or water colors.  Large and life-like.  Photographs made from the Ambrotypes and Daguerreotypes of deceased persons.  We have the best process for enlarging that has ever been invented.  (patent or otherwise.)

Ambrotypes!—Beautifully clear and brilliant!, resembling in softness and depth of tone an ivory pairing, and put up in the only durable style, viz: without black varnish.  Our work of this class needs no comments.  The fact that we received the first premium on them at the last county fair, in competition with the other artists of this place, speaks for itself.  In addition to the above, we take Daguerreotypes, Ambrographs, Sphereotypes, etc. 

Call and examine our specimens, learn our prices and you will see that this is the place to get your pictures.  Remember the Rooms—over Baird’s Jewelry Store, Main street. 

The sixth announcement appeared on July 2, 1857.  Staffer’s Photograph And Ambrotype Gallery.—In consequence of his large and increasing business demanding it, our neighbor, L. V. Staffer, has fitted up another room for the accommodation of his visitors and patrons.  His rooms are now well arranged, and a visitor can spend an hour with pleasure and profit in examining the productions of his skill.  We know of no man who possesses in a greater degree the happy art of giving life and expression to a picture than Staffer.  He seems to have an intuitive knowledge of what will develop the features, dress, etc., in the best manner, and as a result the subjects of his pictures are recognized instantly.  He is prepared to take Photographs—(a beautiful invention, by the way,)—either cabinet or life size.  Ambrotypes and Daguerreotypes on the most approved principles, and warrants satisfaction or no charge.  Step in and have a chat with him.

The seventh announcement appeared on September 3, 1857.  Gift Enterprise.—We would call particular attention to the gift enterprise of Messrs. Staffer & Co.   There can be no fraud, no dishonesty and no losses, to any person.  The gifts are simply premiums to those who get likenesses.  You get a good picture at the regular price, and well worth all you pay for it in every instance.  Then, in addition to this, you have a chance to draw a prize varying from twenty-five cents to twenty dollars in value.  Staffer & Co. are excellent artists, and their work will be certain to give general satisfaction.

The sixth advertisement ran from August 27 to December 11, 1857.  Gifts!  One Thousand Dollars Worth Of Watches, Jewelry, Etc., To be given away this fall and winter to the customers of L. V. Staffer & Co.

As we are at present laboring under a sever attack of generosity, we have determined to make the following liberal offer to everybody, viz:  To each person getting a likeness at our rooms, in Allen’s Block, Ravenna, after this date, for which we receive $1.50 or more, we shall present one of the following Gifts, to be drawn and the goods received at the time of getting the likeness.

Schedule Of The Gifts. 

2 Gifts, Silver Lever Watches, each $20.                   $40

2 Gifts, Silver Lever Watches, each $12.                   $24

2 Gifts, Gold Lockets, each $10.                                $20

2 Gifts, Gold Lockets, each $8.                                  $16

To be selected, by the holder of the ticket, from an assortment of lockets, Breast pins, Ear rings, &c., To be selected from an assortment of notions.

11 Gifts, each $5.                                                        $55

15 Gifts, each $4.                                                        $60

20 Gifts, each $3.                                                        $60

50 Gifts, each $2.                                                        $100

100 Gifts, each $1.                                                      $100

300 Gifts, each 50 cts.                                                $150

1500 Gifts, each 25 cts.                                              $375.                                                  

2064 Gifts                                                                   $1000

Manner of Distribution.  The tickets filled out to correspond with the above list, will be placed in separate sealed envelopes, and the whole placed in a box for the purpose, and from which the customer will be entitled to draw one, at random, for each picture purchased as above, and the goods specified will be furnished at the usual retail prices.  And that everyone shall have an equal [chance] the number of tickets will always be kept the same; as soon as one is drawn, another of the same amount will be put in its place.

The $1.50 pictures will be put up as heretofore, in fine double gilted cases, with silk velvet lining and stamped matts, and warranted fully equal in every respect to any that can be obtained, for the same price, in any room in Northern Ohio.

In addition to the above scheme, we shall continue to put up likenesses for those who wish them, for 75 cents and $1 each.

Now we would say to each and every one who wants a good likeness, come along.  Where can you do as well?  You get your likeness as cheap as at any other place; you are sure to get back a portion of the price and may receive several times the amount paid—but a word to the wise is sufficient.

Remember our Rooms are over Baird’s Jewelry Store, Allen’s Block, south side of Main st., Ravenna.  L. V. Staffer & Co.

The seventh advertisement appeared on October 8, 1857.  Never To Be Undersold.—50 to 100 per cent off.—L. V. Staffer  Co. will put up good Ambrotypes at the following rates, until further notice, viz: $1.00 style for 50 cents; $1.25 for 75 cents; $1.50 for $1.00; $2.00 for $1.25; and for $1.50 we will give a $2.50 style and a chance for a gift of 25 cents to $20.00, as per scheme in another column.  Likenesses put up in any style to suit and warranted.  Now is the time to get your family picture cheap. 

The eighth announcement appeared on October 15, 1857. List of Premiums Awarded at the Twelfth Annual Fair of the Portage County Agricultural Society, held at the Fair Grounds in Ravenna, on the 28th, 29th, and 30th of September 1857…Class 17–On Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles…

Frank Ford, best show of daguerreotypes, ambrotypes and plain photographs, for each a Diploma.

L. V. Staffer & Co., best show of colored photographs, Diploma.

The Eighth advertisement ran from January 7 to June 17, 1858.  Ambrotypes and Photographs.  Those wanting a first class Likeness and one that is correct, cannot do better than call on Staffer & Co., at their gallery in Allen’s Block, where you will find a large collection of fine specimens, all of their own manufacture. 

The ninth advertisement appeared on March 31, 1859.  People’s Gallery.  At the old stand of L. V. Staffer & Co., nearly opposite the east end of Phoenix Block, Ravenna, Ohio.

Superb Ambrotypes, Photographs And Melainotypes, 50 Per Cent Less Than Elsewhere.

Persons in want of pictures of any style will find it much to their interest to call at this Gallery before purchasing elsewhere.  No time will be spent in unprofitable “gassing” but all are invited to come and judge for themselves as to the quality of the work with the assurance that no pains will be spared, to make the best picture possible for every customer, and no one will be expected to take work away unless perfectly suited.  O. F. Stedman.  Ravenna, March 31, 1850.

Lewis V. Staffer is not recorded in other photographic directories.  Two additional items have just been discovered.  The first an announcement appeared on April 5, 1854 in the Portage County Democrat (Ravenna, Ohio).  Which establishes his first name.   Married At Cuyahoga Falls, on the 30th ult., by Rev. Thomas Stubbs, Me. Lewis V. Staffer and Miss Sophronia L. Matthews; all of Ravenna. 

The second is an advertisement in The Weekly Portage Sentinel (Ravenna, Ohio) that ran from April 17 to May 1, 1856.  L. V. Staffer, who has had charge of Wm. B. Matthews’ Daguerrean Rooms for the past year, announces to his friends ad the public generally, that he will hereafter be found at the Ambrotype rooms of O. F. Stedman & Co., in Allen’s block, where he will be happy to wait upon those in want of good pictures with promptness and dispatch.

J.  Thomas Smith

1856-1857       151 Main Street, Eagle Square, Richmond, Virginia.

1859                Corinthian Hall, Richmond, Virginia.

1859                215 Main Street, Richmond, Virginia.[1]

1860                77 Main Street, Richmond, Virginia.1

J.  Thomas Smith was recorded in fifteen advertisements and three announcements in The Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Virginia).  The first advertisement ran from December 27, 1856 to January 1, 1857. This is to inform my friends and the public generally, That I am now taking Pictures at the well established rooms of Mr. Powers, where I should be pleased to receive a liberal patronage.

Ambrotypes one Dollar—entire satisfaction, or no charge.  Respectfully, J. Thos. Smith.

The second advertisement ran from April 13 to 16, 1859.  Ambrotypes And Photographs.  Having purchased the Fine Art Gallery in Corinthian Hall. recently occupied by P. E. Gibbs, I respectfully solicit a call from all who wish to obtain a good Likeness of themselves or friends, before purchasing elsewhere.  Having employed one of the best artist in America, I deem it unnecessary to say more than guarantee satisfaction, or no charge.  Respectfully, J. Thos. Smith                                                                           

The third advertisement ran on April 15 & 16, 1859.  Photographs, Ivorytypes, Ambrotypes and Melaneotypes.  The above styles Pictures can be obtained at Corinthian Hall, (Gibbs’ old stand) of the best quality.  Particular attention is called to copying old Daguerreotypes by the Photographic process.  J. Thos Smith.

P. S.—One of the best Artists employed.

Prices Low.                                                                                                                

The first announcement appeared on April 16, 1859.  To The Public.—Having purchased the Gallery of Mr. P. E. Gibbs, in Corinthian Hall, I respectfully announced to my friends, and the public generally, that I am prepared to make every style of Picture pertaining to the art.

I have in my employ a No. 1 Operator.  Particular attention paid to copying old pictures by the Photographic or Ambrotype process.  They can be enlarged to life size, if desired.  J. Thos Smith.

The fourth advertisement ran on April 19 & 20, 1859.  Photographs, Ambrotypes, Ivorytypes and Melainotypes can now be had, of surpassing beauty, at Corinthian Hall, Gibbs Oud Stand.  J. T. S.                                                    

The fifth advertisement ran from April 20 to 26, 1859.  Pictures, Pictures—All kinds of pictures know in the art taken at Corinthian Hall—Gibbs’ Old Gallery.  Photographs colored in Oil, Water, Pastel, Crayon, Indian Ink.  Particular attention called to enlarging old Daguerreotypes by the Photographic process.  Pictures of deceased persons and invalids at their residence.  I warrant my pictures not to be surpassed by any in America.  Call and examine for yourselves.  J. Thos Smith.

P. S.—Master workman employed.                                                                          

The sixth advertisement ran from April 27 & 28, 1859.  Pictures, Pictures—All kinds of pictures know in the art taken at Corinthian Hall—Gibbs’ Old Gallery.  Photographs colored in Oil, Water, Pastel, Crayon, Indian Ink.  Particular attention called to enlarging old Daguerreotypes by the Photographic process.  Pictures of deceased persons and invalids at their residence.  I warrant my pictures not to be surpassed by any in America.  Call and examine for yourselves.  J. Thos Smith.

P. S.—Master workman employed.                                                              

The seventh advertisement ran from May 2 to 6, 1859.  To Strangers And Citizens Of Richmond—Attention Asked To Gibbs’s Old Gallery, Corinthian Hall.—Sphereotypes, a glass picture; something entirely new, and finished in a style not known to any one outside of this gallery.  Come and see them.  Photographs colored in oil, pastel and water.  Ambrotypes and Melaneotypes, at low prices.  Any one in want of a good picture of themselves or friends, will find it to their interest to call and examine specimens before purchasing elsewhere.  Entire satisfaction or no charge.  Respectfully, J. Thos Smith.         

The eighth advertisement appeared on May 16, 1859.  Smith’s Gallery, Corinthian Hall!  Smith’s Gallery, Corinthian Hall! 

See his new style picture, Sphereotype.

See His Photographs, Corinthian Hall.

See his double glass Ambrotypes, and all pictures known in the art.  Gibbs’ old stand.

See Ladd & Webster’s Sewing Machines in operation.

Pictures and Machines warranted to please, or no sale.                                                        

The second announcement appeared on May 17, 1859.  We have longed wished for some one to make genuine Double Glass Ambrotypes for 50 cents, and we understand that Mr. Smith, successor to Mr. P. E. Gibbs, Corinthian Hall , intends making them; and, if he does, we should patronize him.  He is well known to the most of us, and understands his business thoroughly.  We have seen several specimens of his work, and we have no hesitation in saying that he is making some of the finest Ambrotypes in this city.

Go and see them and judge for yourselves.  Many Friends.                         

The ninth advertisement ran on July 25 & 26, 1859.  I am now making a very superior style of Ambrotypes, and invite the ladies to give me a call, feeling assured that no other picture has ever been invented that will surpass it in beauty of tone and finish.  Those that have seen them pronounce them to be superior to anything they have ever seen.

Children’s Pictures made in one second, and warranted to please.  A call is solicited from my friends and the public generally.  Respectfully, J. Thos. Smith.                         

The tenth advertisement ran on August 5 & 6, 1859. 

Pictures, Pictures—Superior Ambrotypes. 

See them and be convinced. 

They are not to be excelled.

They speak for themselves.

Come and see them at

Smith’s Gallery.

They are made on the first floor,

And no two pair stems to climb.

They are pronounced the best by all who see them.                                                  

The eleventh advertisement ran on August 10 & 11, 1859.  Photographs And Ambrotypes.—I am prepared to make Photographs as low as they can be made in the Northern cities—of the best quality, in gilt frames, $1.50.  Artists employed for each branch of the business.  My Ambrotypes are pronounced superior by all who have seen them; the eyes are perfect, and face not chalky-white; made with or without shades, just to suite the purchasers.

Smith’s Gallery, Between 9th and 10th sts.                                                                 

The third announcement appeared on August 11, 1859.  I saw yesterday some of the finest Ambrotypes my eyes ever [upheld.]  They were made at Mr. Smith’s Gallery of a family from the South.  He deserves credit for his Pictures.  If you wish to see a fine Ambrotype, of the Picture, look on his center table.  He told me they were of his own make, and made in the last two weeks.  His prices are reasonable.  A. H.                  

The twelfth advertisement ran on August 12 & 13, 1859.  Between 9th and 10th Streets, Corinthian Hall—Smith’s Ambrotype And Photographic Gallery.—Superior Ambrotypes—see them and judge for yourself.—They are pronounced the best by all who see them.   Prices low.  Made with or without shades, as the person may fancy.

The thirteenth advertisement ran on August 27 & 29, 1859.  The Fine Art Gallery of Mr. J. Thos. Smith, having been thoroughly repaired, is again open for the reception of visitors.  He is making some of the finest Ambrotypes ever exhibited to the Richmond people.  We should see them and judge for ourselves.  They cannot be surpassed.  His prices are low.  He keeps every kind of case; also, frames of all kinds.             

The fourteenth advertisement ran October 13 & 14, 1859.

1859 October 13.  The Daily Dispatch.  (Richmond, Virginia.)  October 13, 1859, Vol. XVI, No. 89, P. 2.

Crowded, Crowded.—

Every Day, Every Day.

Smith’s Gallery. Smith’s Gallery.

Always Crowded. Always Crowded.

Smith’s Gallery. Smith’s Gallery.

Best Ambrotypes And Photographs. Best Ambrotypes And Photographs.

Low Prices. Low Prices.

All Made Satisfactory, All Made Satisfactory,

Or No Charge. Or No Charge.

Best Artists Employed. Best Artists Employed.

Smith’s Gallery. Smith’s Gallery.

Corinthian Hall. Corinthian Hall.

Smith employs more artists than any other house, and makes the best Ambrotypes cheaper than any one else.

His Gallery is all the time full of visitors. 

Smith’s Gallery, Corinthian Hall.  Two Rooms In Operation.  oc. 12.

The fifteenth advertisement ran from December 6 to 8, 1859.  Ladies And Gentlemen Of Southern Principals.—Having returned home from Charleston.  I offer my personal services to those who wish to obtain Photographs or Ambrotypes of themselves or friends at the most reasonable terms, guaranteeing satisfaction, or no charge.  Best operators employed.  J. Thomas Smith, Corinthian Hall.                                                     

J. Thomas Smith is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in Richmond, Virginia in 1859-1860.


[1] Craig’s Daguerreian Registry.

Richard S. Sanxay

1856-1859       145 Main Street, Richmond, Virginia.

Richard S. Sanxay was recorded in twenty five advertisements and three announcements in The Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Virginia), and one article in the Photographic and Fine Arts Journal.  The first advertisement ran from May 17 to June17, 1856.  A Card.—For the last ten years I have received a large and increasing patronage from the citizens of Virginia, which I have endeavored to merit by introducing every improvement into my business, in which I have been greatly aided, for some years, by the valuable assistance (more particularly in Ambrotyping) of Mr. R. S. Sanxay and in addition, I shall hereafter have the services of Mr. James F. Chalmers—which, together with my own general superintendence, will enable me to accomplish, I flatter myself, superior work to any I have previously turned out.  I respectfully request the public to call and examine my specimens at Pratt’s Gallery, No. 145 Main st., Richmond, Va.                               

The article in the Photographic and Fine Arts Journal (New York, New York) entitled the Photographic Galleries of America appeared on June 1, 1856.  Pratt’s Gallery. — This establishment is now under the management of Jno. Sanxay, who is a good artist; very many of his daguerreotypes are excellent specimens of the art. A slight cleaning would not hurt some of them. His ambrotypes are quite good in tone, but somewhat faulty in arrangement of position, and in finishing, he does not exercise sufficient care. I must do him the justice, however, to say that his experience in this new feature of the art, has been limited to a few months only; but as he is a young man full of ambition and running over with energy, in due time we may expect to see him a second Morse in the arts.

2.  advertisement ran from September 25 to October 9, 1856.  Something New!—An Improvement on Ambrotypes, by which process the picture is made to stand out like the stereoscope, without the use of the lens.

This is an entirely new invention, and is infinitely superior in every respect to the Balsom Pictures, being much more durable and not at all liable to spot, (the great objection to the Balsom Picture.)

This style of Picture is taken at Pratt’s Virginia Gallery, 145 Main street.

The public are respectfully invited to call and examine the specimens.  All pictures warranted to please.  R. S. Sanxay, Jas. F. Chalmers, Operators.                                          

3.  advertisement ran from October 10 to 25, 1856.  Returned from Europe.—We beg leave to inform the public the our Mr. Pratt has returned from England and France, bringing with him all the late improvements in our beautiful art. 

The Ambrotype finished in oil, in the style of the old masters, far exceeds in perfection any thing ever before attempted, and throws the Balsom pictures completely into the shade.

Mr. Pratt will again render us the assistance of his valuable services.

All pictures warranted to please.

R. S. Sanxay, Jas. F. Chalmers, Operators.   

p. s.  The Altoscopic Ambrotype may also be had at Pratt’s Gallery.                       

4.  advertisement ran from October 28 to November 3, 1856.  Pratt’s Virginia Daguerrian Gallery, No. 145 Main street, sign of the Gothic Window, where in the last 12 years, upwards of 30,000 portraits have been taken in all the varied styles of Ambrotype and Daguerreotypes.

The latest improvements have been obtained by Mr. Pratt in his late trip to Europe, and are now successfully practiced in this establishment, where we guarantee finer pictures than have been turned out in Richmond.

R. S. Sanxay, Jas. F. Chalmers, Operators.   

Former pupils of the University, visiting Richmond will please call on Mr. Pratt, as above, and obtain their free tickets.                                                                                          

5.  advertisement ran from November 10 to December 3, 1856.  Something New and Beautiful.—Acknowledged by all to be superior to anything yet discovered in the Photographic art as a proof of which all of the most celebrated artists north are taking Ambrotypes by no other process.  These pictures are to be had at Pratt’s Gallery, 145 Main street, where the public are respectfully invited to call and examine for themselves.  Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes copied in any way to suit customers, and all pictures warranted to please.  Sanxay & Chalmers, Operators.

6.  advertisement ran from November 28 to December 29, 1856.  Co-partnership Notice.—We the undersigned, having on the 5th if May, 1856, purchased the business Stock and Fixtures of Wm. A. Pratt, in the Daguerrian and Ambrotype Gallery, No. 145 Main street, hereby enter into a co-partnership, to carry on said business on the cash system, we respectfully solicit a share of the patronage of the public, and only ask for an examination of our work.  R. S. Sanxay, Jas. F. Chalmers.

N. B.  I have great pleasure in recommending the above gentlemen, my successors, as the satisfaction which my pictures have given, is mainly ascribable to their efforts-having personally done but little in the business for some years past.  Respectfully, Wm. A. Pratt.        

7.  advertisement ran from December 23, 1856 to January 22, 1857.  Christmas And New Year Presents.—There is nothing more acceptable than a correct life-like picture of a friend.  And we ask the public to give us a call and try us.  All our pictures are warranted to please.  Call at the Big Gothic Window, 145 Main street, and call early.  Sanxay & Chalmers.                                                                                                   

8.  advertisement ran from April 9 to 14, 1857.  Ambrotypes!  This great improvement in the Photographic art, far surpasses anything ever yet brought out, for durability and life-like appearance—never fading, but always retaining their original brilliancy.  They can be seen in any light and for softness of tone and durability, they far surpass the old worn  Daguerreotype, which, in many instances, fade in a few months, and in a year or two become entirely extinct.  All in want of a good Ambrotype, will do well to call on Sanxay & Co., At the Gallery 145 Main street, Formerly occupied by W. A. Pratt.

Pictures put up in the best style, at very moderate prices.  A few very fine Engravings of the Rev. T. V. Moore.  Price $1 each.  S & Co.

The first announcement appeared on July 3, 1857.  A Sign Worth Looking At.—Several handsome ambrotypes of Phoenix Engine, No. 3, were taken yesterday by R. S. Sanxay.  The picture thus obtained, is to be copied by Mr. Montague upon a sign which he is executing for the Virginia Fire and marine Insurance Company, the Design of which is highly appropriate.  One side represents a shipwreck, and the reverse a block of buildings on fire.  “Phoenix” will occupy a prominent position, playing away upon the flames.

9.  advertisement ran from July 7 to 13, 1857.1857 July 8.  Photographs!  Photographs!  Photographs!—We take great pleasure in informing  our friends and the public, that we are now prepared to make the above most beautiful style of Portraits.  They have entirely superseded all other known styles wherever introduced.  They are better, cheaper and more artistic.  Five hundred copies may be struck off from a single sitting, surpassing the finest steel engraving.  Sanxay, & Chalmers, 125 Main st., Sign of Gothic Window.

10.  advertisement ran from September 7 to 12, 1857.  Photographing.—This art is fast taking the place of Lithographing.  An Extensive glass factory in this city has just ordered 500 copies of a diploma, to be taken by photography, the copying being done as well as if by a lithograph.—Dispatch of Thursday.

We respectfully inform the public that we are prepared to execute any style of copying from Daguerreotypes, Paintings, Engravings, or Drawings in the best manner, at the most reasonable rates.  Views of residences, churches, and places of business taken in the most artistic manner.  Sanxay & Chalmers, Photographists, 145 Main street.      

11. advertisement ran from September 7 to 12, 1857. Persons desiring duplicates of the group of gentlemen, (delegates to the Presbyterian Convention,) taken by us, can obtain such at our Gallery, where may be seen a beautiful Photograph of the new Custom House, taken a few days ago.–Photographs and Ambrotypes upon the most reasonable terms, and in the most artistic manner, at Sanxay & Chalmers’, 145 Main street.

12. advertisement ran from September 18 to 25, 1857.

“A thing worth doing at all,

Is worth doing well!”

So if you wish a good Picture of yourself, go where an artist will make a miniature representation of yourself—not as a caricature, as is so often the case.  Sanxay & Chalmers’ Photographers, at 145 Main street, seem to excel in the life-like expression of their portraits, while they have a graceful ease that is perfectly bewitching.                                                         

13. advertisement ran from September 28 to October 3, 1857.  Choice Styles Of Pictures.—At Sanxay & Chalmers, 145 Main street, may be obtained Photographs of the greatest accuracy and beauty, Ambrotypes, Stereographs, Mezzographs and Likenesses on patent leather, which may be sent by mail to friends, &c.  Every picture taken at this popular establishment must be of the best quality and please the sitter, otherwise they will not be sent out of the Gallery.

Copies of the Portraits of the Convention of ’49 and ’50 will be ready in a few days.  All orders by mail promptly attended to.                                                                                          

The second announcement appeared on November 7, 1857.  List of Premiums Awarded At The Fair Of The Va. Mechanics’ Institute, November 5th, 1857…Class 26.—Photographs, Daguerreotypes, and Ambrotypes.

Albert Litch, for color photographs, a silver medal.

Tyler & Co., for daguerreotypes, a silver medal.

Sanxay & Chalmers, for ambrotypes, a silver medal.

E. Powers, for ambrotypes and photographs, first class diploma.

14. advertisement ran from November 30 to December 5, 1857.  Great Reduction Of Prices.  Owing to the dull times, we have concluded to take our Silver Medal Ambrotypes, at the unprecedented low price of Twenty-Five Cents.

These Pictures will be the size of those taken by others for 50 cents, and are warranted to be as good.  Sanxay & Co., 145 Main st.                                                              

15. advertisement appeared on December 11, 1857.  Sanxay & Co., 145 main Street, Pratt’s Old Stand.  Take their Silver Medal Ambrotypes for the very low price of 25 Cents.       

16. advertisement appeared on December 11, 1857.  Members of the Legislature Will do well to call at Sanxay & Co.’s., 145 Main street, Pratt’s old stand, and get one of their 25 cent Ambrotypes, or have their Photographs taken.  From one sitting any number of pictures can be taken.  Copies of State Convention for sale.        

17. advertisement appeared on December 25, 1857.  Veni, Vidi, Vici.  I Came, I saw, I had My Picture Taken For Twenty-Five Cents, At Sanxay & Co.’s.  Pratt’s Old Gallery, 145 Main st.  

18. advertisement ran on January 18 & 19, 1858.  25 Cent Ambrotypes, With Case!  can be had at Sanxay & Co.’s, as large and warranted to be as good as those sold by others for 50 cts.  Remember the place—145 Main street.  Pratt’s Old Gallery.     

19.  advertisement appeared on January 23, 1858.  25 Cents For Sanxay & Co.’s Silver Medal Ambrotypes, 145 Main street, Pratt’s old stand.

Those persons who could not be accommodated yesterday will please call early this morning.                                                                                                                      

20. advertisement appeared on January 28, 1858.  Splendid Photograph Of The Monument And Equestrian Statue, taken by D. Bendann, at Sanxay & Co.’s. Photographic Rooms, where duplicates are exhibited and for sale.  145 Main street, sign of Gothic Window.                                   

21. advertisement ran from May 17 to 19, 1858.  Great Inducement—Sanxay & Co., 145 Main street, have concluded to give every person who spends one dollar with them for pictures, a splendid Photograph of the Virginia Washington Monument.       

22. advertisement ran from September 14 to 20, 1858.  Ambrotypes and Photographs—The great depot for Ambrotypes and Photographs is at 145 Main street.  (Pratt’s old Gallery.)

If you are in want of a good Picture, call on Sanxay & Co.  

23.  advertisement ran from September 23 to 29, 1858.  Sanxay & Co. would invite those in want of really artistic pictures, to call at their Photographic Art Gallery, where they still continue to produce those inimitable Photographs and Ambrotypes, which are universally admired.

They have just introduced a new style of picture: “Crayon Photographic Visiting Cards,” to which they invite attention.  Gallery 145 Main Street, Big Gothic Window.                                              

24.  advertisement ran from October 19 to 25, 1858.  Strangers and others wishing Good Pictures at reasonable prices, would do well to call at the old established Gallery of Sanxay & Co., (Late Pratt’s,) where all the latest styles are made in perfection.  145 Main Street, Sign Big Gothic Window.                                                                 

In these days, when humbugism is rampant, it becomes a matter of moment to discover what is really genuine.  In the way of Pictures, we know of no place better where we could refer our friends than the old established Gallery of Sanxay & Co., 145 Main Street, where the finest Portraits are Made.  Go by all means and give them a trial.  145 Main Street, Big Gothic Window.                                                     

25.  advertisement ran from November 17 to 19, 1858.  Notice.—Any person having a Picture of the late Mr. John Stith, will confer a favor on his family, by allowing me to have it , it copy.  R. S. Sanxay, 145 Main street, (Pratt’s old Gallery.)      

The third announcement appeared on February 4, 1859.  By. E. B. Cook, Auct.

Pratt’s Daguerrean Gallery, Fixtures, &c, At Auction—On Wednesday next, 9th instant, at 10 o’clock, I will sell at Pratt’s Daguerrean Gallery, on Main street—

All the Apparatus and Fixtures, Furniture, Carpets, Sofas, Tables, Looking Glasses, Chairs, Materials of every description, &c. &c.

The above embraces a very large collection of Pictures.  Daguerreotypes and every article necessary for the prosecution of the Daguerrean business to which the attention of young beginners and the public is requested.  Terms cash.  E. B. Cook, Auct.      

Richard S. Sanxay is recorded in other photographic directories.  Craig’s Daguerreian Registry records him as being active in Richmond from 1855-1860.  In the first advertisement (May 17, 1856 William A. Pratt states that R. S. Sanxay has worked for him for several years.  Sanxay & Chalmers ran the gallery when Pratt went to Europe and after Pratt returned they purchased the gallery from him.  It is unknown when Chalmers left the company, probably in late 1857 before or after the November 7th announcement of the premium winners.  Richard S. Sanxay does not appear in the Richmond newspapers as a photographer after the February 4, 1859.  He appears to have been active in the Vigilance Committee, Masonic Temple, and the Richmond Light Infantry  Blues. 1861-1865[1] was a photographer for the CSA Engineer Department…


[1] Photographers In Virginia 1839-1900 A Checklist. By Louis Ginsberg.

George S. Rugg

1854-1856       Fairbanks’ Block, corner Arsenal and Court-sts., Watertown, New York

1857                Washington Hall Block, Watertown, New York.

1859                480 & 482 Broadway, Albany, New York.

George S. Rugg was recorded in six advertisements and five announcements in two different newspapers.  The first advertisement ran from August 31, 1854 to May 17, 1855 in The New York Reformer (Watertown, New York).  George S. Rugg’s Sky And Side Light Daguerrean Gallery!  The subscriber would respectfully say to the citizens of Watertown and vicinity, that he has opened in Fairbanks’ Block Splendid Daguerrean Gallery, convenient in every respect for executing pictures of all sizes, from the smallest ever taken to the largest.  His rooms are all separated from each other, so that no one branch of the business shall interfere with the other.  He will keep constantly on hand every variety of the Latest and Best Styles of Daguerreotype Stock.  Artists Supplies With Stock on most liberal Terms.

A cordial invitation is extended to all to visit his Gallery, and examine his stock, specimens, &c. No Picture will be considered sold until perfect satisfaction is given.  he has all the Latest Improvements in the Daguerreotype Art.  He has lately discovered a new Chemical Compound for cleaning plates, which excels every other article for that purpose now in use, enabling him to produce better and more Life Like Pictures Vignette and Stereoscopic Pictures will be neatly executed if desired.  Also Pictures taken on Ornamental Back-Ground.

Opinions Of The Watertown Press.  Daguerreotyping.—We were more than ever impressed with the beauty and utility of this invention, while lately visiting the pleasant suit of rooms expressly fitted up for the execution of this art, by our friend Rugg, in the Fairbanks Block, and examining the specimens of his handiwork.  We there saw the likeness of some of our townsmen, that if anything was wanting to render perfect we were not able to detect it; pictures that spoke highly of the skill of the operator.  Mr. Rugg has spared no pains or expense in fitting up this suit of rooms, and we hope he will receive a share of the public patronage.  A trial of his ability to give satisfaction, will convince all who may favor him with a call.— The New York Reformer.

Rugg’s Gallery.—In the very top of Fairbanks’ Block, is the best place to take likenesses we ever visited.  A man may let his face out there to double in a few seconds.  If any one shall desire that there should be any more faces in the world, that appear just like his own, let him call on Rugg, up, up, up stairs at “Fairbanks.”—Democratic Union.

Fairbanks’ Block, on the Corner of Arsenal and Court-sts., (opposite American Hotel,) Entrance to Daguerrean Gallery, on Court and Arsenal Streets.  Geo. S. Rugg.  Watertown, April 10, 1854.

The second advertisement ran from February 7, 1856 to April 30, 1857 in The New York Reformer.  S. S. (sic.) Rugg, Artist in Patent Ambrotype and Photographic Pictures.  Corner of Court and Arsenal Streets, Opposite the American Hotel.

The Ambrotype was invented by Mr. Cutting, of Boston, and is patented in the United States, Great Britain and France.  The picture is taken on fine plate glass, and permanently secured between two plate of glass, and permanently secured between two plates of glass; is bold, clear and distinct, not reversed, and will not change in any climate—taken from the smallest to full size.

The Public are cautioned in purchasing pictures taken on glass as Ambrotypes, that do not bear patent stamp.

Pictures taken on single glass, and covered with black paint, are not Ambrotypes.

Notice.  G. S. Rugg has this day purchased the exclusive right, for making Cutting’s Patent Ambrotype Pictures, in the Counties of Jefferson and Lewis, N. Y..—Shaw & Clark, Att’ys for Company.  Watertown, Jan. 1st, 1856.

The first announcement appeared on March 5, 1857 in The New York Reformer.  Removal.—G. S. Rugg, Artists, has removed his Daguerreian Gallery from Fairbanks’ Block, Court-st., to Washington Hall Block, where he has fitted up rooms with new and elegant furniture, and is prepared to take pictures in the best styles of the art.

But his old rooms are not deserted:  Mr. Oscar Button, an operator of experience, has engaged the same rooms in the Fairbanks Block, vacated by Mr. Rugg, and will continue the business in all its branches.

The second announcement appeared on May 6,1857 in the  Northern New York Journal (Watertown, New York.)  Daguerrean Gallery.—Messrs. Rugg & Fowler have fitted up a fine Gallery in Washington Hall building, and are taking some excellent life-like likenesses, either Daguerreotype, Ambrotype, Melainotype, Ambrograph, or Photograph.  Indeed we have never seen better specimens of the art than from their Gallery.  Their advertisement will be found in another column of our paper.

The third advertisement ran from May 6 to August 12, 1857 in the Northern New York Journal.  

Removal!  New Daguerrean Gallery!  New Firm, New Styles of Pictures, &c. Such As Ambrotypes, or Pictures on Glass, Melainotypes, or Pictures on Iron. Ambrographs, or Pictures on Card Board.  Photographs, &c., &c.

G. S. Rugg, The Well Known Daguerreotypist, has removed his Gallery to Washington Hall Building, and entered into co-partnership with S. J. Fowler, on New York, who has been engaged since the first introduction of the Collodeon Process in teaching and practicing the art of Ambrotyping and Photographing in the principal Galleries in the State.  We, therefore, feel warranted in saying, that we are prepared to produce as good Pictures, as can be made in New York City, or elsewhere.  Our rooms are large, pleasantly located, finely furnished, and easy of access, and we shall spare no pains in endeavoring to please our customers—We have also something entirely New, which is a Patented apparatus for copying Daguerreotypes or Ambrotypes on Canvas to Life Size! And Coloring Them In Oil.  Which are acknowledged the most Perfect Picture Made.

Persons having small Pictures of departed friends, can, by this process have a Perfect Portrait from them.  Please call and examine specimens, whether you want pictures or not.

Daguerreotypes Made in the best Style for those who prefer them. Rugg & Fowler.  Watertown, March 7, 1857.

The third announcement appeared on May 7, 1857 in The New York Reformer. Daguerrean Artists.  The tendency towards perfection in no art has been more steady and rapid than that of taking likenesses on silver, glass and other prepared substances.  Pictures are now produced in such elegance of style, softness of tone, and exactness of likeness, on silver, glass, paper, paste-board, &c., as would astonish Daguerre himself could be revisit the earth and witness the progress the great art which bears his name has made within a few years past.  Nor is any city or village more fortunate in the possession of skillful artists in this line than Watertown.  The pictures now produced at Rugg & Fowler’s gallery in the Washington Hall block, evince a practical knowledge of the art in all its branches which marks a degree of perfection that may well be called complete.—Their rooms are very tastefully fitted up with new and elegant furniture for the express purpose of making an inviting retreat for all wishing to see their pictures or procure likenesses.

The fourth advertisement ran from May 7 to August 13, 1857 in The New York Reformer.  Removal!  New Daguerrean Gallery.  New Firm, New Styles of Pictures, &c. Such As Ambrotypes, or Pictures on Glass, Melainotypes, or Pictures on Iron. Ambrographs, or Pictures on Card B’d.  Photographs, &c., &c.

G. S. Rugg, The Well Known Daguerreotypist, has removed his Gallery to Washington Hall Building, and entered into co-partnership with S. J. Fowler, on New York, who has been engaged since the first introduction of the Collodeon Process in teaching and practicing the art of Ambrotyping and Photographing in the principal Galleries in the State.  We therefore, feel warranted in saying, that we are prepared to produce as good Pictures, as can be made in New York City, or elsewhere.  Our rooms are large, pleasantly located, finely furnished, and easy of access, and we shall spare no pains in endeavoring to please our customers—We have also something entirely New, which is a Patented apparatus for copying Daguerreotypes or Ambrotypes on Canvas to Life Size! Which are acknowledged the most Perfect Picture Made.

Persons having small Pictures of departed friends, can, by this process have a Perfect Portrait from them.  Please call and examine specimens, whether you want pictures or not.

Daguerreotypes made in the best style for those who prefer them.  Rugg & Fowler.  Watertown, May 1, 1857.

The fifth advertisement was recorded from August 12 to September 30, 1857 in the Northern New York Journal.  Bought Out!  Having Purchased The Sky and Side Light Daguerrean Gallery!  (Known as Rugg’s Gallery, in the Fairbank’s Block,) the undersigned would respectfully inform his friends and the public generally, that after many additions and improvements, in which he has spared no pains or expense, he is now fully prepared to execute Pictures in the very best style and finish the art is enable of producing.  He has had many years experience in the art, and during the time has been in many of the larger cities of the Union, North and South, East and West.  All work taken by him is warranted and unless entire satisfaction is given, the money will be refunded.  Of Cases, Frames, &c. he has an entirely new lot of every possible variety.

Remember, Fairbanks Buildings, Corner Court And Arsenal Streets, Opposite The American Hotel.  O. P. Button.  Watertown, April 29, 1857.

The sixth advertisement ran from August 20 to September 3, 1857 in The New York Reformer. 

Dissolution.  The Copartnership heretofore existing under the name and firm of Rugg & Fowler, is this day dissolved by mutual consent.  The business will be carried on in all its branches by G. S. Rugg.  The debts against the firm will be paid by him, and all debts due the firm must be paid to him.   G. S. Rugg, O. (sic.) S. Fowler.  Watertown, Aug. 10, 1857.

Daguerreotyping will be renewed for the benefit of those who still adhere to them, and at reduced prices.  S. G. Rugg.

The fourth announcement appeared on October 1, 1857 in The New York Reformer.  Jefferson County Agricultural Society.  Premiums Awarded…Pictures…

Best Specimens Daguerreotypes, Hart & Hose, Watertown, Dip. $1.00.

2d Best Specimens Daguerreotypes, Thos. Waite, Pamelia, book.

Best Specimens Photographs, Hart & Hose, Watertown, Dip. & $1.00.

2d Best Specimens Photographs, G. S. Rugg, Watertown, book.

Miss Alice Smith, Watertown, recommended, $3.00.

Hart & Hose, Watertown, recommended, $2.00

Those recommend a discretionary premium of $3.00 to No. 207 for best Ambrotypes, also one of $2.00 to No. 65 for 2d best Ambrotypes.

The committee would recommend that, at the next annual exhibition there be one premium for the best ambrotypes and one for the 2d best, and also a premium for the best ambrotype views.  A large portion of the pictures exhibited were of this character, and as they form a very interesting part of the exhibition the committee have recommended premiums to be given, and that greater inducement be offered by the society hereafter for the exhibition of specimens of art.  E. Q. Sewall, T. C. Chittenden, Jr., E. H. Smith, Judges.

The fifth announcement appeared on January 13, 1859 in The New York Reformer.  Fire In Broadway.—The only really alarming fire that has occurred in this city for six months, broke out a little before 9 o’clock on Saturday evening, on the third floor on Nos. 480 and 482 Broadway, in a room occupied by G. S. Rugg (late of Watertown) as a photographic gallery.  The origin of the fire is not known definitely, but is supposed to have been either a spontaneous combustion or taken from a spirit lamp in his laboratory.  When discovered, the room was enveloped in flames, and in a very short space of time the fire had crept through the lath and plaster partitions into the fourth story and thence to the roof….

George S. Rugg is not recorded in other photographic directories.  Craig’s Daguerreian Registry does record a G. S. Rugg in 1854 without a business address or location, it is unknown if this is the same person.

Royster

1858                3 Front Row, Memphis, Tennessee.

Royster of the partnership of Carr & Royster (possibly Young Allen Carr and John or William G. Royster) was recorded in one advertisement that ran from August 28 to October 9, 1858 in the  Southern Shield (Helena, Arkansas).  Gallery of Fine Arts Carr and Royster, Artists.  No. 3 Front Row, Memphis.  As to extent of views and perfection of Artistic skill, this establishment stands at the head of Southern enterprise.  Visitors to the city are respectfully solicited to call and see the character of our work.  Feb. 6.  Carr & Royster.

Royster (first name unknown) is not recorded in other photographic directories as being in partnership with Young Allen Carr.  Craig’s Daguerreian Registry does list a John Royster (initials may have been J. A. G. or J. H. E.) in 1858 he is listed as a daguerreian without a business address, William G. Royster is also recorded as a daguerreian without a business address in 1859 both are recorded in Memphis, Tennessee.

Craig also records Young A. Carr as being active from 1850-1860, at 31 Front Row, Memphis Tennessee.  New information identifies him as Dr. Young Allen Carr was a physician, was professor of chemistry in the Memphis Medical College, Daguerreian/photographer, journalist, Spiritualist, and the author of “A Philosophical History of the Origin and Development of Vegetable and Animal Life, and of the Human Mind, with an Explanation of the Mode of the Mind’s Connection with the Spirit World.

George K. Proctor

1858-1859       Cabot Street, opposite the Rubber Factory, Beverly, Massachusetts.

1859                One Door North of the Town Hall, Beverly, Massachusetts.

George K. Proctor was recorded in eight advertisements and one announcement in the Beverly Citizen (Beverly, Massachusetts).  The first advertisement ran from October 27 to November 24, 1858.  Satisfaction Given!  G. K. Proctor Respectfully announces to the citizens of this place that he has stationed his Ambrotype and Photograph Saloon, for a short time opposite the Rubber Factory, Beverly, where he will take pictures any size, from the smallest to the largest, as good as the best, as cheap as the cheapest, and at all prices from 25 cents to 25 dollars.  Also copying of every description executed at his saloon.  Views taken of Houses and Buildings of every description and warranted to give satisfaction.

George K. Proctor, having learned his trade of one of the best artist in Boston, and had several years experience, and also since July 1858 had an uncommon large saloon built with an excellent light and every convenience for taking Ambrotypes and Photographs that could be had, and also having, at a great expense, purchased receipts for making a new kind of chemical that will surpass all others, feels confident that he can give perfect satisfaction.

As his time here is limited people wishing his pictures will do well to call early.  George K. Proctor.

The announcement appeared on November 17, 1858.  Ambrotypes. We take pleasure in asking attention to the advertisement of Mr. G. K. Proctor, and in stating that we have recently seen some pictures of excellent finish which were taken by him.  He seems to have the skill and judgement which is requisite in an artist to secure good likenesses.—His terms are very reasonable, and we commend him to the patronage of our Beverly friends.

The second advertisement ran from January 19 to February 16, 1859.  Satisfaction Given!  G. K. Proctor Respectfully announces to the citizens of this place that he has stationed his Ambrotype and Photograph Saloon, for a short time opposite the Rubber Factory, Beverly, where he will take pictures any size, from the smallest to the largest, as good as the best, as cheap as the cheapest, and at all prices from 25 cents to 25 dollars.  Also copying of every description executed at his saloon. 

As his time here is limited people wishing his pictures will do well to call early.  George K. Proctor.

The third advertisement ran from March 19-26, 1859.Business Cards:  G. K. Proctor, Ambrotype and Photograph Artists, Cabot Street.  (Opposite the Rubber Factory) Portraits, Miniatures, Engravings, &c., accurately copied.  Views taken when desired.

The fourth advertisement ran from March 19-26, 1859.  All Ambrotypes and Photographs Taken at G. K. Proctor’s Saloon, opposite the Rubber Factory, are warranted to give perfect satisfaction, or no pay will be exacted.  March 1, 1859.

The fifth advertisement ran from June 4 to December 31, 1859.  Business Cards:  G. K. Proctor, Ambrotype and Photograph Artists, Cabot Street. (One door North of the Town Hall.)  Portraits, Miniatures, Engravings, &c., accurately copied.  Views taken when desired.

The sixth advertisement ran from June 4 to December 3, 1859.  Photographs.  Taken at G. K. Proctor’s Rooms, one door North of the Town Hall, and enclosed in  Large Gilt Frame, for only $2.00—common price $3.75—duplicates, 50 cents.  May 7, 1859.

The seventh advertisement was recorded on June 4 to July 2, 1859.  G. K. Proctor, having fitted up rooms One door North of the Town Hall, with an excellent Side and Sky-Light, will take Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, Photographs, &c., in the neatest and best style and at Reduced Prices.

He hopes by endeavoring to make Pictures that cannot fail to suit, to merit a liberal patronage. Beverly, May 7, 1859.

The eighth advertisement ran from August 6 to 20, 1859.  Photographs of the Bean Kiln [Invaders] can be had at G. K. Proctor’s Photographic Rooms—one door north of Town Hall—for only 50 cents, which is less than half price.  Nearly one hundred now engaged.

G. K. Proctor is not recorded in other photographic directories.

J. M. Parkhurst

1858                Address Unknown, Amherst, New Hampshire.                    

J. M. Parkhurst was recorded in one advertisement that ran from May 19 to June 9, 1858 in The Farmers Cabinet (Amherst, New Hampshire).  Great Attraction.  Come One!  Come All!!  Wonderful improvements in colored Miniatures by Ambrotype or Melainotype.  J. M. Parkhurst Would respectfully inform those persons wishing to procure a Miniature of themselves or friends, that they can obtain a beautiful and correct Likeness, (with or without colors) and have it inserted in a neat morocco case, by either of the above processes, for the extreme low price of 50 cents, and upwards, by calling at his Saloon in Amherst, where he will remain but a short time only. 

He is also taking pictures on enameled cloth for 25 cents and upwards, which are convenient to transmit by mail.  Mr. P. would say his pictures are put up in the most durable manner and warranted not to fade.  Pictures taken in all weathers and set in every variety of Locket, Pin, Frames or common cases.

Pictures copied in the most satisfactory manner.  Perfect satisfaction given or no charge.

Instruction given in the art, and Apparatus furnished if desired.

The propriety of an early call is suggested, thereby avoiding the inconvenience of the crowd which always attends the last week of his stay in every place. 

J. M. Parkhurst is not recorded in other photographic directories.

M. B. Ogden

1858                Main & Sheboygan Streets, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin.[1]                       

M. B. Ogden was recorded in one advertisement (mostly unreadable) that appeared on June 5, 1858 in the Democratic Press (Fond du Lac, Wisconsin).  A New Ambrotype, Melainotype and Photographic Picture Gallery.  M. B. Ogden would inform the citizens of Fond du Lac and vicinity that he has secured C. T. Ripley’s old Daguerrean Rooms and [repaired and refitted them entirely new and spared no pains in securing every[ ? ] [ ? ] and possible advantage peculiar [ ? ] to the picture business.  With the very best of rooms, a new apparatus entire, and having…..]

M. B. Ogden is not recorded in other photographic directories.


[1] Address from Craig’s Daguerreian Registry for T. C. Ripley.

T. L. Nurse

1852-1856       Corner of Jefferson & Third Streets, Over W. H. Mauro’s Store Burlington, Iowa.

1856-1858       Corner of Jefferson & Third Streets, over Swan’s Store, Burlington, Iowa.

T. L. Nurse was recorded in six advertisements (plus one he was mentioned in) and five announcements in three different newspapers.  The first advertisement appeared on August 19, 1852 in the Hawk-Eye and Iowa Patriot (Burlington, Iowa).  T. L. Nurse, Daguerrean Artist, Has just received a new supply to his already extensive assortment of stock; and persons wishing Daguerreotypes, can always find at his room the latest style and best quality of cases, lockets, &c., with pictures to correspond.  Please call at the corner of Jefferson and Third streets, and examine for yourselves. 

N. B.  No pains spared to give entire satisfaction to every customer, and no charge if he don’t succeed.  Burlington, May 12, 1852.

The second advertisement was recorded from September 19, 1854 to May 16, 1855 in the   Hawk-Eye (Burlington, Iowa).  Daguerreotypes By T. L. Nurse, Of Chicago, Ill.  He has returned to Burlington with an entire new apparatus and a much better assortment of cases, than were ever before brought to this place, and has fitted up a very Pleasant Room Over W. H. Mauro’s store, (on the south side of Jefferson street, east of Main,) where he has a light second only to a sky-light, a far superior in every respect to the one used while here before.

All are respectfully invited to call and see for themselves.

N. B.—All Pictures warranted perfectly satisfactory or no charge.

Don’s forget the place, on the South side of Jefferson [a few] doors east of Main Street.  August 24, 1854.

The third advertisement ran from May 14, 1855 to February 27, 1856 in the Hawk-Eye. 

Daguerreotypes By T. L. Nurse, Over W. H. Mauro’s Store, (On the south side of Jefferson Street, east of Main.)  He has just returned from Chicago, with a complete assortment of Cases, of all styles, from the cheap $1.50 to the finest French, Also a fine assortment of Gold Lockets, f4om the small shells and Scallops, to those with four openings, which he will sell at lower prices than ever before offered in this city.

Please call and see for yourselves whether you wish pictures or not.

All Pictures warranted perfectly satisfactory or no charge.

Artists supplied with Instruments, Apparatus and tock, at reasonable rates.

The first announcement appeared on January 2, 1856 I the Hawk-Eye.  Beautiful Pictures.—We have examined some of the pictures taken by Mr. Nurse and find them very fine.  They are taken upon glass, are durable, can be seen in any light and altogether superior to the Daguerreotype.  See advertisement.

The fourth advertisement ran from January 2 to May 21, 1856 in the Hawk-Eye.  Glass Pictures, Or, Improved Ambrotypes, At Nurse’s Daguerrean Rooms, over W. H. Mauro’s Store.  These Pictures are a late improvement on the Patent Ambrotypes, being taken in the same manner, but put up differently.  Pictures by this process, instead of having the tone of the Patent pictures, are warm and life-like in tone, possessing a brilliancy never before obtained, and are pronounced by all impartial judges, to be far superior.  Please call and see fo4 yourselves, and remember the place to get Good Pictures, cheap, is a few doors east of Coolbaugh & Brooks’ Bank.  Satisfaction warranted in every instance, or no charge.  A large assortment of Plain and Fancy Cases, Gold Lockets, etc., constantly on hand.

P. S.  Don’s be humbugged into purchasing anything, just because it is patented, especially when you can get a superior article at a less price.  dec. 27.  T. L. Nurse, Artists.

The second announcement appeared on September 3,1856 in the Hawk-Eye.  Stereoscophic (sic.) Ambrotypes.—We were shown recently, by Mr. T. L. Nurse, a number of new style Ambrotypes, which it appears to us, were superior to anything we have met with, growing out of the wonderful discovery of Daguerre.  The principle distinction of the new improvement, is the seeming prominence of the figure, and the boldness of every line and shade.  They are worth attention from those who admire and appreciate every new feature of this graphic art, and all who desire a likeness of self or friend should give Mr. Nurse a call.  They will find his room worth a visit.

The fifth advertisement ran from September 10 to December 24, 1856 in the Hawk-Eye.  Something New!  T. L. Nurse would respectfully inform the public that he is ow taking a new and very superior Picture on Glass, called the Sphereoscopic Ambrotype.  They are pronounced by all to be as much superior to the Ambrotype, as the Ambrotype is to the Daguerreotype.  The objection of a Picture being too dark is entirely removed; for while they are lighter than the Ambrotype or Daguerreotype, they are at the same time more distinct than either.

Please call and see for yourselves.

He is still taking Daguerreotypes, Ambrotypes and Photographs, either plain or colored in oil colors.

Ambrotypes set in Pins, Lockets, &c.

All work warranted satisfactory, or no charge.

The Spereoscopic Ambrotype is Patented, and can only be had at the rooms of T. L. Nurse, corner of Jefferson and Third streets.  Entrance to rooms on Third street.

The third announcement appeared on December 31, 1856 in the Hawk-Eye.  A Good Gift.—If “a thing of beauty is a joy forever,” as it probably is, just step into the Gallery of T. L. Nurse, and take a look at his beautiful Ambrotypes and Photographs, that need but the breath and spirit of life to move them to speak.  There is nothing more suitable as a present to your friends about the Holidays, than a likeness of yourselves, and nearly as acceptable.

The sixth advertisement (the one  that he was mentioned in) first appeared on December 9, 1857 in the Hawk-Eye.  Now is the time to get a Good Picture!  Ambrotypes, Photographs, Holotypes.  Prices To Suit The Times!!  H. N. Twining having taken the Rooms formerly occupied by T. L. Nurse, corner of Third and Jefferson street, will be happy to see all who are in want of a fine Picture, a real artistic gem.  Pictures [of] all styles with all the late improvements.  Particular attention is given to taking likenesses of small children.  From his long experience he is satisfied he can please all, even the most fastidious.  Call and see.  Remember, Thining’s Gallery is the only place in the West where you can get the Holotype or large views.—He has the mammoth instrument expressly for this purpose and the exclusive right of Des Moines County.—Prices to suit the times.  Perfect satisfaction given, or no charge.

The seventh advertisement was recorded from January 1 to February 14, 1858 in the Daily Iowa State Gazette (Burlington, Iowa).  Removal.—T. L. Nurse, Daguerreotype, Ambrotype And Photographic Artist, has removed his room to the corner of Jefferson and Third streets, over Swan’s store, where he has fitted up a fine suite of rooms and added many new improvements.

His operating room is furnished with the best sky light west of Chicago, ad provided with all the necessary apparatus for working any and all the branches of the Photographic art.  His reception room is open at all times to visitors who may wish to examine specimens or obtain pictures, and he extends a cordial invitation to All to call and judge for themselves if he has not the best rooms and the best light in the country; all will be treated with civility and politeness, whether they contemplate sitting for their pictures or not.

Ambrotypes made in the highest and best styles of the art, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.  All kinds of pictures copied with neatness and dispatch.  [may20’56.

The fourth announcement appeared on August 17, 1858 in the Hawk-Eye.  Died.  Yesterday afternoon, of consumption, Mr. T. L. Nurse.

The fifth announcement first appeared on August 24, 1858 in the  Hawk-Eye.  Administration Notice.  Estate of T. L. Nurse, Deceased.  The undersigned has this day been appointed by the County Court of Des Moines County, Iowa, Administrator of the estate of T. L. Nurse, deceased, late of this county.

All persons indebted to said estate are requested to make payment to the undersigned, and persons having claims against said estate, are herby notified to present the same to said Court for allowances.  J. M. Broadwell, Administrator. 

T. L. Nurse is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in 1856 in Burlington, Iowa.

William Nims

1858                Rooms in Wing’s Exchange, Fort Edward, New York.

Williams Nims was recorded in one advertisement that ran from June 11 to August 6, 1858 in the

Essex County Republican (Keeseville, New York).  Nims’s Gallery.  Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, Patent Leather Pictures and Photographs are continually made at Nims’e Gallery, in Wing’s Exchange, Fort Edward, As Good as they can be made in any of the Cities, and Better than they are made in any gallery north of the cities.

Ambrotypes—25 cts., and upwards.

Melainotypes,      “                 “

P. L. Pictures, 50 cts.

Photographs, 1st copy, $1.00

Duplicates,  50. [cts.]

William Nims is probably the same William Nims recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active Fort Ann, New York in 1859.  Fort Edward is 12.3 miles (modern roads) from Fort Ann.