Category Archives: Photographs

W. H. Conant

1859                292 Main Street, Calhoun Block, Memphis Tennessee.

W. H. Conant was recorded in an announcement on July 30, 1859 in the Memphis Daily Appeal (Memphis, Tennessee).  Artistic.—W. H. Conant, portrait painter and Photographist, respectfully informs the citizens of Memphis that he has taken rooms in the Calhoun Block, No. 292 Main street, adjoining Mr. Yearout’s daguerrean gallery. Portraits and photographs in oil on canvass, cabinet or life size, will be painted from life, ambrotypes or daguerreotypes.

W. H. Conant is not recorded in other photographic directories. He was also not listed in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of American Artist 1564-1860.

Samuel A. Cohner

1857                380 Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C.

Samuel A. Cohner was recorded in The Photographic and Fine Art Journal (New York, New York) on December 1857.  Washington Galleries.  Washington November 5, 1857.    Mr. James McCleese of Philadelphia, has opened his new gallery below the Kirkwood House.  His operator is Samuel A. Cohner, Esq., a practical chemist of some notoriety; he is very successful in all of his operations.  I was shown many of his beautiful plain photographs, that in tone and sharpness were exquisite.  But ‘tis just like Mr. McC., he never has any body about who does not fully understand his business.  His gallery is one of the finest in Washington, and the many water colored pictures that are adorning his walls, speak highly for the business.  His artists is a man of the first order and paints with unusual rapidity.  Mr. Vannerson is the agent of Mr. McClesse’s gallery, and for the length of time he has resided in Washington, no man is more capable of doing the agreeable in securing the public patronage.  This gallery will do a large share of the business the coming winter.  I fully predict a brilliant career for them, and well they deserve it.  By the time your next number appears, I hope to be able to speak more of this gallery.

Samuel A. Cohner is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry.

Lybrand Clayton

1856                168 South Second Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[1]

Lybrand Clayton was recorded in the Photographic and fine Arts Journal (New York, New York) on April 1, 1856.  In an article entitled the Photographic Galleries of America.  Number Two, Philadelphia. The author visited 57 Galleries in Philadelphia.

Clayton. — These specimens show a gradation from indifferent to very good, proving the artist capable of producing fair pictures. This artist has several stereoscopes in front of the door, which I noticed was the case with several establishments. This is undoubtedly          probono publico.

Listed as a daguerreotypist in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry, also recorded in Directory Of Pennsylvania Photographers 1839-1900.

[1] Not all first names or complete addresses were recorded in article.   Craig’s Daguerreian Registry was used to assist in identification when possible first name and address were added.



D. L. Clark

1858                Address and Location Unknown, Maryland.

D. L. Clark was recorded on November 3, 1858 in The Daily Exchange (Baltimore, Maryland).   The Maryland Institute Exhibition, Closing Night.  Address of the President, Sam’l Sands, Esq.  The Award Of Premiums…Class No. 43.—

F. W. & R. King, for photographic view cameras and stereoscopic view cameras, Silver Medal;                                                                                                                                                                            S. G. Israel, for photographs in oil, water color, India ink and plain, and ambrotypes and photographic views on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Silver Medal.                                            D. L. Clark, for photographic view of Barbee’s Fisher Girl. Diploma.

D. L. Clark is not recorded in other photographic directories as being active in Baltimore, Maryland. Both F. W. & R. King and S. G. Israel are known to be active in Baltimore.

C. H. Clark

1858                Rooms in Younglove’s Building, Union Village, Greenwich, New York.    1859                Rooms over White’s Fancy Store, Union Village, Greenwich, New York.

C. H. Clark was recorded in two advertisement, the first ran from September 23 to October 21, 1858 in the Washington County People’s Journal (Greenwich, New York).  Phototypes & Ambrotypes.  C. H. Clark would announce to the public that he has opened Rooms in the building formerly owned and occupied by John Younglove for the purpose of giving Perfect Impressions to all those who wish to secure a copy of themselves and friends ere the grave closes and mortality fades.

I can and will in all cases, fully satisfy my customers or make no charges.  As proof of the truth of these intimations.  I would cordially invite all to call and examine Specimens of my work, and so satisfy themselves of their merits.  N. B.—Pictures colored or plain, and done up in every style of Case, Frame, Pin, Ring or Locket.

The second advertisement ran from January 20 to February 10, 1859 in the Washington County People’s Journal (Greenwich, New York).

Ambrotypes.                                                                                                                                                    As some folks make a dreadful fuss,                                                                                                              And try to kick up quite a muss                                                                                                                          About their skill in taking faces,                                                                                                                          I’ll tell you now just where the place is.

If you have not heard it before,                                                                                                                            It’s over White’s new fancy store                                                                                                                           And least you may forget, just mark,                                                                                                               The Artist’s name is C. H. Clark.

Some Gossips have reported round                                                                                                                  That Mr. Clark had left town,                                                                                                                                But mind, he will not pull a stake                                                                                                                        So long as there’s a face to take.

His pictures, as I understand,                                                                                                                                Are unsurpassed by any man,                                                                                                                               And if this any should deny,                                                                                                                                  The proof is call and let him try.

His prices too, he will compare                                                                                                                             With first rate Artist any where;                                                                                                                            Two shillings each, and then they rise                                                                                                              To every price, and style, and size

Death’s arrows fly on every hand,                                                                                                                       And-life, you know, is but a span,                                                                                                                        Then hurry up, friends, one and all,                                                                                                                    And give this C. H. Clark a call.

Craig’s Daguerreian Registry list C. H. Clark in 1859 in Greenwich without a business address.  It is unknown at this time if Clark stayed in Greenwich between October 21, 1858 (the end of the first advertisement) and January 20th, 1859 (the start of the second advertisement).

Alexander Hemmet Clark

1857                Address Unknown, London, England

Alexander Hemmet Clark was recorded on March 27, 1857 in The Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Virginia).  Manslaughter By An American Photographer.—A singular case of manslaughter is reported in the London Morning Star, of March 3, substantially as follows:

It appears that a woman named Eliza Bunn, forty years of age, in company with another woman, called at the rooms of Alexander Hemmet Clark, an American Photographic artist, to have a little boy’s likeness taken.  After it was finished some words ensued respecting the payment of the cash.  Clark ordered the woman to leave the room, which they declined to do without the portrait, when a regular fight ensued between them.  Clark at the time had a small hammer in his right hand, and while deceased was struggling with him he struck her with it upon the head.  He was first arrested for the assault merely, for which he was fined twenty shillings and costs; but it was afterwards appeared that the wound with the hammer had fractured the skull of the woman, of which wound she died in a day or two.  Clark was then arrested on the charge of manslaughter.

The second announcement was recorded on May 17, 1857 in The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, New York).  Alexander Clark, the American photographer was indicted on Wednesday, at the Central Criminal Court, for the manslaughter of Eliza Bunn who had a quarreled with him over the photograph of her son.  Clark’s plea was that he acted only in self-defence, after the deceased had struck him; and the jury found him not guilty.

Alexander Hemmet Clark was not recorded in A Directory of London Photographers, 1841-1908 nor he is recorded in any of the American photographic directories the I have consulted.

Clark & Howe

Ca. 1856-1860            Ashley’s Building, Westfield, Massachusetts.

 Clark & Howe names were recorded from a Broadside Greg Drake’s Collection.  Ambrotypes, and Cloth Pictures!  E. P. Clark (Artist permanently located in Holyoke) and J. C. Howe, would respectfully inform the citizens of Westfield and vicinity that they are located at Ashley’s Building, Up one flight of stairs—room opposite H. Fuller’s Law office in the same building— for a few days to exhibit a new style of Picture, and to wait upon those who may require their services.

Ambrotypes, Meleneotypes, Ambrographs &c., Also Pictures on Enameled Cloth, Taken for the low price of Twenty-Five Cents, having the beauty of the ambrotype and Daguerreotype combined, and may be inclosed in a letter and sent to any part of the world free of postage.

Do not lose this opportunity to secure a Likeness at the very lowest price.                                      Some beautiful styles of Ambrotype Cases.   E. P. Clark, J. C. Howe.

E. P. Clark is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in Providence, Rhode Island in 1855-1856, and also possibly in Holyoke, Massachusetts in 1856. J. C. Howe is not recorded in other photographic directories and the partnership of Clark and Howe are not recorded in A Directory Of Massachusetts Photographers 1839-1900.

Richard Clague

N. D.                Address Unknown, New Orleans, Louisiana.                                                                        N. D.                Address Unknown, Paris France.                                                                                  1857                Address Unknown, Africa.

Richard Clague was recorded in an announcement on September 17, 1857 in the Green-Mountain Freeman (Montpelier, Vermont).  African Explorations… October last, under the auspices of Mahommed Said, the present enlightened Viceroy of Egypt.  The expedition was planned by M. I’Escatrac de Lauture, a Frenchman, who was joined by sis of his own countrymen, four Austrian gentlemen, one Prussia, an Englishman, and one American, all of them men of scientific professions, or attainment.  The American was Mr. Clagne, of New Orleans, a photographic artist.

Richard Clague is not recorded in any of the photographic directories I have referenced.  In fact every reference I have checked only refers to his landscape/portrait painting.  According to The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artist in America 1564-1860 Clague was an artist, teacher and landscape painter, who is recorded as being in New Orleans in 1851.  A search of the New Orleans newspapers might shed more light on Clague’s photographic career.

Professor J. Edwin Churchill

1856                434 Pennsylvania Avenue, Between 4½ and 6th Streets, Washington, D. C. 1857                Address and Location Unknown

Professor J. Edwin Churchill was recorded in two announcements, the first on September 6, 1856 in the Evening Star (Washington, D. C.).  ….Prof. J. E. Churchill, the distinguished American artist, is in this city.  Some of his exquisite specimens of photographs in oil, among which is a fine likeness of Mrs. Julia Dean Hayne, may be seen at Whitehurst’s gallery.

The second on August 26, 1857 in the same paper.  Prof. J. E. Churchill has just finished a fine photographic portrait in oil, of President Buchanan.

According to The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artist in America 1564-1860 J. Edwin Churchill is recorded as a portrait painted in Philadelphia in 1860.

Francis W. Chase

N.D.                Corner of Court and Main Street, Middletown, Connecticut.                            N.D.                Unknown Address, South Dennis, Massachusetts.                                                1859                Main Street, Springfield, Massachusetts.                                                            1860                Unknown Address, West Harwich, Massachusetts.   

Francis W. Chase Information came from an Ambrotype advertising card in my collection.  Obverse—From Chase’s Ambrotype & Photograph Gallery, South Dennis—Satisfaction warranted, or no sale.  Particular attention given to children and copying.  F. W. Chase, Proprietor.  (Note South Dennis is hand written.)  Reverse—(all printed) From Chase’s Ambrotype and Photograph Gallery, Corner of Court and Main Street, opposite the McDonough House, Middletown, CT.  Satisfaction warranted or no sale.

Listed in the 1859 Springfield City Directory, residence section as a daguerreotypist.        Listed in the 1860 New England Business Directory, Harwich.  

The South Dennis Massachusetts and Middletown Connecticut information is not recorded in other photographic directories.  Both Craig’s Daguerreian Registry and A Directory Of Massachusetts Photographers, 1839-1900, have the Springfield and West Harwich listings.