Category Archives: Photographs

George English

1859                145 Eighth Avenue, New York, New York.

1859                Corner of Charles & Baltimore Streets, Baltimore, Maryland.

George English was appeared in one advertisement in the  December 9, 1859 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  To Artists.—Wanted, A First Class Artist To color photographs; none others need apply.  Apply at or address George England 145 8th ave., N. Y., or J. H. Young, corner of  Charles and Baltimore sts., Baltimore, Md.

George English is not listed in other photographic directories.  John H. Young is recorded in Directory of Maryland Photographers 1839-1900 and Craig’s Daguerreian Registry (two listings) one in New York and one in Baltimore. 

Empire Gallery

1857                177 Greenwich Street, New York, New York.[1]

Empire Gallery was recorded in one advertisement on November 25, 1857 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  Evacuation Day Will Be Celebrated At The Empire Gallery, 177 Greenwich street, near Cortlandt, by taking 500 ambrotypes, photographs, &c., at from 25 cents upwards.  Call and see them.

Empire Gallery is not listed in other photographers.


[1] Not listed in the 1856/1857; 1857/1858; or 1858/1859 New York City Directories.

Dustin & French

1859                Richards’ Building, Keene, New Hampshire.

Dustin & French (Samuel C. Dustin & J. A. French) were recorded in one advertisement that ran from October 26 to December 28, 1859 in the Farmer’s Museum (Keene, New Hampshire).  The “Great Eastern” Has Not Arrived, But Dustin & French Would respectfully inform the citizens of Keene and vicinity that they are daily making Ambrotypes and Photographs. of every size, style and price.

The Photograph, or Paper Pictures, so much resembling the steel engraving, can be finished in India Ink, or beautifully colored in Oil or Water colors, giving the true colors of nature.  This is a very desirable picture for framing, and the readiness with which an indefinite number of prints can be made from the negative without extra sittings, gives the preference over all other styles of portraiture.

The Patent Leather Picture, a style just introduced, is well adapted for mailing to an absent friend, and durable as the leather itself.

Miniatures Inserted in Lockets, Pins, Rings, &c.

Fading Daguerreotypes and Portraits accurately copied.

Likenesses of small children made best between 10 and 12 A. M., in clear weather.

Ladies and gentlemen are cordially invited to call at our Gallery In Richards’ Building, 4 Doors North Of The Cheshire House, And examine specimens.  S. C. Dustin, J. A. French.

Dustin & French are not recorded in other photographic directories.  Samuel C. Dustin is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in Keene, New Hampshire in 1860.  

P. Henry Duke

1855-1856       139 Main Street, Over Woodhouse’s Bookstore, Richmond, Virginia.

1859                188 Main Street, Richmond, Virginia,

P. Henry Duke (in the partnership of Powers & Duke 1855-1856) was recorded in twenty six advertisements, and one announcement in The Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Virginia)  and one article in the Photographic and Fine Arts Journal.  The first advertisement ran from January 8 to 11, 1855.  Co-Partnership.—The undersigned have this day formed a Co partnership under the firm of Powers & Duke, for the purpose of carrying on the Daguerrean Business, and solicits a continuance of the patronage hitherto extended to their Senior Partner.

E. M. Powers, P. Henry Duke, 139 Main Street, over Woodhouse’s Bookstore.  ja. 8.

2d advertisement ran from January 19 to February 1, 1855.  How Life-Like, Beautiful And Cheap!—Such is almost the universal cry of those who have visited our Gallery and obtained for themselves a beautiful flesh-tint Daguerreotype, taken only by Powers & Duke, 139 Main st.  We particularly invite our friends, both city and country, to give us a call, as we are prepared to give all in want a beautiful flesh-tint Daguerreotype for only 50 Cents.

Come, friends and the public, one and all—

If a picture you wish which is nice—

Over Woodhouse’s store just give us a call;

You cannot object to the price.

Powers & Duke, Sign of the Red Flag. 

3d advertisement ran from February 2 to 8, 1855.  The Only gallery where you can get a Daguerreotype for 50 cents; and of the many hundreds sent out within the last two months, not a single one but what have given ample satisfaction in every respect.

We return our thanks to our friends and the public, and respectfully invite one and all to call and examine specimens, whether they set for a Picture or not.

Remember this is the only place to get a Daguerreotype for fifty cents.  Powers & Duke, 139 Main st., Sign of the Red Flag. 

4th advertisement ran from February 9 to March 6, 1855.  Fifty Cent Daguerreotypes are all the rage in our city, and Powers & Duke are the only men that can give you a superb likeness for Fifty Cents.  This is no humbug.  Their flesh tint Daguerreotypes are the best we have ever seen, and their pictures are warranted to please or no sale.  We have seen hundreds of their 50 cent Likenesses, and we pronounce them inferior to none, and far superior to many taken at other Galleries at a cost of Two Dollars.  For a good and cheap Picture call at Powers & Duke, 139 Main st., Over Woodhouse’s Bookstore, Eagle Square.

5th advertisement ran from March 6 to 19, 1855.  A Perfect Rush For Powers & Duke’s 50 cent Daguerreotypes, which, like the Penny Post and Dispatch, are too well known to need puffing.  We think it only necessary to remind the public of being still at the old stand, 139 Main street, where we are daily taking a great many of those beautiful 50 cent Daguerreotypes, which have been so much admired by every one who has seen them, and have been pronounced by judges to be superior to any taken at other galleries in this city for two dollars each.  While the weather is favorable to the art, we would respectfully invite one and all to give us a call before visiting elsewhere—Don’t forget the name and number.

Powers & Duke, 139 Main street, sign of the red flag, Over Woodhouse’s Bookstore.  mh. 6.

6th advertisement ran from March 23 to 27, 1855.  Powers & Duke Take Daguerreotypes For 50 Cents Each.—Call today and get one.  Stereoscope Pictures taken at $4, and warranted satisfactory.

Powers & Duke, 139 Main street, sign of the red flag, Over Woodhouse’s Bookstore.  mh. 23.

7th advertisement ran from March 28 to April 17, 1855.  50 Cent Daguerreotypes Are All The Go, to be had only at Powers & Duke’s large Sky Light Gallery, 139 Main street.

Our Daguerreotypes are warranted not to fade or change color, and those who wish something really good will do well to give us a call, over Woodhouse’s Bookstore—sign of the Red Flag. Powers & Duke. 

8th advertisement ran from April 19 to May 1, 1855.  Powers & Duke are still supplying their numerous friends and thousands of customers with beautiful and life-like Daguerreotypes, for 50 cents each.  They do not wish to humbug the public by saying that high priced pictures are the best; but this they do say, that their 50 cent likenesses are superior to many taken in this city at two dollars each.  All who want a picture worth carrying home, are respectfully invited to call at No. 139 Main street, over Woodhouse’s Bookstore, Eagle Square. 

9th advertisement ran from May 1 to 5, 1855.  5000 Daguerreotypes, taken by Powers & Duke, Since the first of January last.  This is enough to satisfy the curious that they are the men to call on for your Daguerreotypes.

Call to-day and get one of their never fading 50 Cent Daguerreotypes.  139 Main street, over Woodhouse’s Bookstore, Sign of the Red Flag. 

10th advertisement ran from May 8 to June 21, 1855.  From 50 Cents to $25—Lovers of Good Pictures are respectfully informed that Powers & Duke are the only artists in this city that offer good Daguerreotypes, from 50 cts. to $25, which is an inducement to every one in want of a good and beautiful Daguerreotype.  To be had only of Powers & Duke, 139 Main st., Over Woodhouse’s Bookstore, Eagle Square.  my. 8.

11th advertisement ran from June 23 to July 14.  Our Thanks are due to the people of Richmond, and especially to the “Young Guard,” for the liberal patronage bestowed upon us for the past year, for which we are very thankful, and hope to merit a continuance of the same, promising to use every means, without regard to expense, necessary to produce the finest Daguerreotypes ever offered to the public.

Our prices range from 50 cents to $30.  Stereoscopes taken for $5.              All Pictures warranted. Powers & Duke, 139, Main street, over Northern Telegraph Office.                           

12th advertisement ran from July 16 to August 15, 1855.  What The Virginia Gazette Says—If you want an exact image of your face and features, which you can hand down to your latest posterity, drop in to see Messrs. Powers & Duke.  Their Daguerreotypes never fade, and beside are as true as nature itself.  You can see the very fine sparkling in the eye.  We have tried the artistic skill of these gentlemen, and therefore speak from experience.

Those who have beauty, should to this firm take it; Those who have none should go to them to make it.  [Virginia Gazette. 

13th advertisement ran from August 14 to 18, 1855.  Daguerreotypes.—Call at Powers & Duke’s splendid Daguerrean Gallery and secure for yourself a beautiful Picture.

Here art triumphant our attention claims;

Here life seems speaking from a hundred frames;

Belles, merchants, statesmen throng the pictured walls—

Each face, each form its living type recall.—

Features, complexion, attitude, attire;

Beauty’s soft smile and manhood’s glance of fire,

Truly reflected from the burnished plate,

Astonish life with its own duplicate.

Think not these portraits by the sunlight made.

Shades though they are, will like a shadow fade—

No!  When the life of flesh in dust shall lie—

When Death’s grey film o’erspread the beaming eye—

These life-like pictures, mocking at decay,

Will still be fresh and vivid as to-day!

Gallery 139 Main street, Eagle Square, over Woodhouse’s Bookstore. 

1st announcement appeared on August 15, 1855.  Let the world say what it will, Watson’s Richmond’s Laureate still.

Poetry by the Protype Bard and Port Laureate of the city of Richmond.  Spoken extemporaneously in the presence of witnesses, after having his Likeness taken by Powers & Duke, whose Likeness has been seen (in his gold medal) by the President of the United States and the Mayor of Baltimore; also by Commodores Perry and Aulick, U. S. N., and supposed to be true and correct likeness of that great and immortal genius:

All that want their likeness took,

Step in with faith to Powers & Duke;

‘Tis true, the Artist and the Tailor

May embellish Nature’s failure;—

None can equal these two men,

That’s took me once and once again;

I am took fair in every feature,

As I was formed by mother Nature.

Lord knows I never was a beauty,

But if, my friends, this likeness suit ye,

I faithful told each Daguerrean

To let the Phototype be seen;

Though I am Richmond’s Poet laureate,

Not one cent they charged me for it.

As I must speak my mind sincere,

All who want their likeness here—

All who Tom Watson’s face do know,

Powers & Duke the same will show,—

Honest, fair, by Nature took.

Just step in to Powers & Duke.

Thomas Watson.

Prototype Bard of Virginia and Poet laureate of the city of Richmond, the only living successor of Byron, Burns, Milton, Moore and the immortal Wm. Shakspeare.   

14th advertisement ran from August 22 to September 12, 1855.  Powers & Duke’s Daguerreotypes, which has created such a sensation with the public, are still to be had at 139, Main street.

We have several late improvements in the art, to which we invite particular attention.  Boston Quick for sale by Powers & Duke. 

2nd announcement appeared on September 11, 1855.  Aid For The Sufferers.—We have to acknowledge from Messrs. Powers & Duke $22 for the benefit of the afflicted of Norfolk and Portsmouth.  This sum was received at their Daguerrean Gallery, yesterday.  With a commendable benevolence, they sat apart their receipts for the day to this humane object.  Their generous contribution shall have the proper destination.

15th advertisement ran from September15 to October 11, 1855.  Daguerreotypes.—We have seen some of Powers & Duck’s new style of Daguerreotypes, and pronounce them superior to any we ever saw, and is a decided improvement on the old style of Daguerreotype.  Call and see them. 

16th advertisement ran from October 1 to 5, 1855.  Daguerreotypes.—Powers & Duke, Eagle Square.

Daguerreotypes must be perfection,

Since pictured by the sun’s direction,

Heaven’s own bright rays shed from above,

To enshrine the forms of those we love.  oc. 1.

17th advertisement ran from October 16 to 20, 1855.  Daguerreotypes.—Powers & Duke are offering great inducements to persons in want of good and desirable Daguerreotypes.  All of our Pictures are warranted to please or no sale.  

18th advertisement ran from October 26 to November 2, 1856.  Daguerreotypes.—It is well known that we seldom or never award praise to those to whom it is not due; therefore those who may chance to read this will know that we speak true when we say that Powers & Duke’s Flesh-Tint Daguerreotypes are unsurpassed by any one, and we advise our friends, if they want the worth of their money, and a likeness that will not fade, to call on them, over Woodhouse & Co.’s Bookstore, Main st.

19th advertisement ran from November 20 to December 3, 1855.  50 Cent Daguerreotypes.—By the solicitation of many of our friends, we commence this day to take good and durable Daguerreotypes for 50 cents.   Respectfully, Powers & Duke. 

20th advertisement ran from November 24 to December 1, 1855.  Ain’t we glad that Powers & Duke have returned again to taking Daguerreotypes for 50 cents.  Oh! They are such dear little things.  no. 24.

21st advertisement ran from December 12, 1855 to January 16, 1856.  50 Cent Daguerreotypes.—Powers & Duke are still furnishing their customers with their never-failing Daguerreotypes for 50 cts. each.  They do not pretend to humbug the people with Ambrotypes or Glass Pictures, hermotically sealed between two glasses; but they are still taking their world-renowned Flesh Tint Daguerreotypes, which are to well known to the people of Virginia, and which have received the highest praise, both for their cheapness and durability. 

The article appeared in the Photographic and fine Arts Journal (New York, New York) on June 1, 1856, P. 217.  In an article entitled the Photographic Galleries of America.  Number Three, Richmond. The author visited 7 Galleries in Richmond.

Duke. — The specimens of this establishment, are complete caricatures on the art. Big heads on small plates, young ladies with bouquets in their hands, old ladies with either an orange or a red book clutched firmly between their fingers. Then imagine here and there a dab of red or yellow paint, marking out a watch or chain or some other jewelry, and you will have a good idea of these pictures, furnished all complete, gotten up and colored after the manner I have described, for the very low and degrading price of 50 cents. This establishment has not yet meddled with glass pictures; and for the sake of the art, for which I have always had a reverence, I hope it never will.

22d advertisement ran from January 10 to 16, 1856.  A Card.—The Firm of Powers & Duck is this day dissolved by mutual consent.  Those indebted to the firm will come forward and settle with E. M. Powers.  The creditors of the said firm will present their claims to said E. M. Powers for settlement.  E. M. Powers.  P. Henry Duke.  Richmond, January 3, 1856.

I have this day purchased of Mr. P. Henry Duke his entire interest in the Daguerrean Gallery known under the above firm and shall continue to carry on the business, hoping to merit a continuance of the patronage so liberally extended to the firm. E. M. Powers.  Richmond, January 8, 1856.

23d advertisement ran on July 20 & 21, 1859.  If you want a beautiful Likeness, go to Duke’s Gallery, corner above the Post-Office, at Osborne’s old stand.  Having lately engaged the services of one of the most talented artist in the United States, I am making nothing but the very best pictures, at prices from 25 cents to $25.

P. Henry Duke, Artist.             

24th advertisement ran on August 16 & 17, 1859.  Duke’s Gallery—Duke’s Gallery—Corner above Post-Office.  Corner above Post-Office.   Only Twenty-Five Cents, Fifty Cents, One Dollar and Up, For the best Pictures in the world.  Call and be convinced of the fact. 

25th advertisement appeared on August 30, 1859.  At Duke’s Gallery, Cor. Above the P. O.  Gallery, Cor. Above the P. O.  Gallery, Cor. Above the P. O.  Gallery, Cor. Above the P. O.  Gallery, Cor. Above the P. O.

$2 Ambrotypes $2 Ambrotypes $2 Ambrotypes $2 Ambrotypes $2 Ambrotypes.  Taken for 50 cents.  Taken for 50 cents.  Taken for 50 cents.  Taken for 50 cents.  Taken for 50 cents.  In a large size case, In a large size case, In a large size case, In a large size case, In a large size case,

And warranted in every respect.  And warranted in every respect.  And warranted in every respect.  And warranted in every respect.  And warranted in every respect.  Equal to those at other Galleries for $2.  Equal to those at other Galleries for $2.  

26th advertisement ran on December 29 & 30, 1859.  Duke’s Southern Photographic Temple Of Art, 188 Main st., cor. Above the Post-Office.

Plain Photographs executed for $1 only; Duplicates $9 per doz.  Ivorytypes $10 and up.  Photographs in Indian Ink, pastel, Water Colors, and Oil, from miniatures to life size, on the most reasonable terms.

Mr. Wm. S. Shaw, late of London, who had the honor of being selected by the Protestant Episcopal Missionary Board to photograph the Bishops, Clerical and Lay Delegates of the Episcopal Church of America that met here in convention in October, Is now engaged at the Southern Photographic Temple of Art, and the public may rest assured they will be supplied with first class work in all branches of the art, equal to that of any other establishment in the Union—as Mr. Shaw is well known , and acknowledged one of the first photographers of this country.

P. Henry Duke is not recorded in other photographic directories, nor is the partnership of Powers & Duke. William S. Shaw is not recorded as being active in 1859 in Richmond, Virginia. 

George Degen

1859                72 Chatham Street, New York, New York.

George Degen was recorded in one advertisement on September 30, 1859 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  To Photographers—For Sale, A Double whole size [oethoscopic], object and camera, and all apparatus used in the photographic art.  Apply to G. Degen, 72 Chatham street, third floor.

George Degen is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as a variant spelling for George Dean.  After checking the New York City directories for George Dean and George Degen in the 1858-1859; 1859-1860 and the 1860-1861, George Dean was not recorded, George Degen was recorded only in the 1859-1860 directory as a photographer, no business address was listed and lived at 407 Canal.

Davis Brothers

1858-1859       8 Daniel Street, Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

1858-1859       40 Water Street, Exeter, New Hampshire.

Davis Brothers (Charles & Lewis G.) were recorded in three advertisements and one announcement.  The first advertisement ran from July 26, 1858 to January 31, 1859 in the Exeter News Letter and Rockingham Advertiser (Exeter, New Hampshire).  Photographs & Ambrotypes The Davis Brothers having opened a first Class Photograph Gallery at No. 8, Daniel Street, are prepared to execute all kinds of Photographic Pictures in a style that cannot be excelled in this country.  Photographs life size colored or plain, made from old Daguerreotypes of any size.  Having also the Patent Ambrotype Right, particular attention will be made to this branch of the business, and every variety of Cases kept for sale.

We have the best Instrument to be procured and facilities for the prosecution of our business such as cannot be enjoyed by travelling or country artists.

Davis Brothers, No. 8 Daniel Street, Portsmouth, N. H.

The second advertisement ran from August 7, 1858 to December 17, 1859 In The Portsmouth Journal Of Literature & Politics (Portsmouth, New Hampshire).  Photographs.  We are now prepared to execute these Pictures in a style rarely equaled and never excelled in this country.

Life size Pictures taken in oil or water colors.—Pictures of any required size copied from old Daguerreotypes or Ambrotypes.

These Pictures are made by an entirely new process and when finished resembles a fine steel engraving.—The muddy and spotted appearance so often noticed in the Photograph is entirely avoided.

Particular attention paid to Ambrotyping , and all work warranted.  Davis Brothers.  No. 3 Daniel Street, Portsmouth.

The third advertisement ran from January 31 to December 26, 1859 in the Exeter News Letter and Rockingham Advertiser (Exeter, New Hampshire).  Photographs.  Mr. Chas. Davis, of the firm of Davis Bro’s, would inform the citizens of Exeter and vicinity that he has taken rooms at No. 40 Water St., over the store of John L. Lovering, where he is prepared to execute all kinds of Photographic Pictures, in a manner which cannot be surpassed.  Photographs taken of any required size, and colored in oil or water colors.  Ambrotypes, Malenatypes and every other invented picture, made and warranted, at fair prices.

Particular attention paid to copying old Daguerreotypes.  And those having pictures of deceased friends, he would say that, you can have a nice large Photograph, suitable for Framing, taken from the smallest Daguerreotype.  Also, Particular attention paid to Photographing Residences, &c

Every variety of Cases and Frames constantly on hand and for sale cheap.

The public are generally invited to call and examine Specimens.  Remember the No. 40 Water Street, Exeter, N. H.

The announcement appeared on October 3, 1859 in the Exeter News Letter and Rockingham Advertiser (Exeter, New Hampshire).  The Rockingham Fair…Entries in Town Hall.  Needle Work And Fancy Articles…T. E. Boutelle, Exeter, display of photographs and ambrotypes….Davis Brothers, ambrotypes and Photographs.  Premiums On Fancy Articles…Photographs  Davis & Brothers, Exeter, Ambrotypes,  1.00.

The Committee on Needle Work and Miscellaneous articles, have attended to the duty assigned them and report that they have awarded all the money allowed them, but have obliged to pass by a part of the contributions worthy on notice.  Among many others, we especially remember the following…T. E. Boutelle, display of Photographs and Ambrotypes…

Davis Brothers are not recorded in other photographic directories as being active in Exeter, New Hampshire.  Craig’s Daguerreian Registry does record Lewis G. Davis as being active in Portsmouth in 1860-1861.

A. Cosmes

1854                1 Camp Street, New Orleans, Louisiana.

A. Cosmes (of the partnership of Moissenet & Cosmes) was recorded in one Advertisement that ran from December 25 to 30, 1854[1] in the New Orleans Daily Crescent  (New Orleans, Louisiana).  Moissenet & Cosmes’s Daguerrean and Photographic Gallery, No. 1 Camp Street, corner of Canal.

F. Moissenet has the honor of informing the citizens of New Orleans and Strangers, that he has formed a business connection with Mr. A. Cosmes, a Photographist and Painter of European celebrities, and has opened expressly for the purpose of taking Photographic Portraits and Miniatures in the same building in which Daguerreotype Rooms are, by which means both branches will be under his personal care and direction.  He invites particular attention to his new and perfect mode of taking Portraits by which the physiognomy and coloring of nature becomes indelibly transferred in such a manner as cannot fail to present a true and exact copy of all the features and expressions of life—a fac simile of nature.

The Rooms are always open to the public, who are invited to examine the various specimens there exhibited. d25.

A. Cosmes is not recorded in other photographic directories.


[1] No newspapers were found between December 31, 1854 to July 1, 1855.

E. M. Collins

1857                Car opposite the Seneca County Bank, Tiffin, Ohio.

1857                Rooms on Commercial Row, over St. John’s Drug Store, Tiffin, Ohio.

1857-1858       Rooms in Singer’s Old Block, Tiffin, Ohio.

1858                Rooms Singers Block, opposite the Court House, Tiffin, Ohio.

E. M. Collins was recorded in five announcements and four advertisements in The Tiffin Tribune  (Tiffin, Ohio).  The first announcement appeared on April 3, 1857.  Ambrotypes.  We would again call the attention to those beautiful Ambrotypes taken by our young artist friend, E. M. Collins in his car.  Mr. C. is a proficient in the process by taking pictures, and eminently deserving the patronage of the public.

Ambrotypes, oh!  What delight,

To gaze upon its work of light!

How high the polish, pure the tone;

And every face is Nature’s own.

Sure, never art, with all its skill

The soul with such delight could fill;

And never was such transport won,

As by these pictures from the sun,

Which on the glass imprints the face

With every line, and shade and grace,

Till we admit with throbbing heart,

Great nature’s triumph over Art.

If you want a picture of your face,

Collins Car is just the place

You’ll find all things prepared for action,

And warranted to give satisfaction,

Ambrotypes—all sorts and kinds,

To suit all fancies and all minds;

Large and small, and splendid cases,

Suitable for scenery or faces.

Or if you choose, a handsome locket

Just fitted for a sweet heart’s pocket,

All this, and more than we can mention,

You’ll find there to attract attention,

Come all no matter what your trade is,

Come right along and bring the ladies;

And whether they are fair or no;

Ambrotypes will quickly show.

Pictures in any kind of weather

Single, or two, or more together,

Or go his specimens to see,

No charge for that—admittance free,

Saloon on wheels ladies recollect,

It may be off ere you expect,

Pictures good and prices low,

Now is your time, oh don’t be slow,

Remember the place and call in soon—

Collin’s Ambrotype saloon.

N. B. Mr. C.’s., saloon is opposite the Seneca County Bank, don’t forget the place, pictures for 50 cents.

The second announcement appeared on July 3, 1857.  Removal.  E. M. Collins, Daguerrian Artist, has removed to Commercial Row, up stairs.  See Advertisement.

The first advertisement ran from July 3 to October 16, 1857.  Ambrotype Gallery, E. M. Collins, Commercial Row, over St. John’s Drug Store.

The third announcement appeared on October 23, 1857.  Catch Beauty, ere it Fades.  Reader, if you want to “see yourself as others see you,” go the E. M. Collins’ Ambrotype Rooms and get a picture.  Mr. Collins is an Artist true to nature, and his pictures give general satisfaction.  Rooms in the former office of W. P. & H. Noble.

The second advertisement ran from October 23, 1857 to March 5, 1858.  New Counterfeits.  E. M. Collins, Has just fitted up a new Sky Light and Ambrotype Gallery, In Singer’s Old Block, up stairs, for the purpose of Counterfeiting the “Human Face Devine.”

He is now prepared to make better pictures than were ever heretofore offered to the citizens of Tiffin And Surrounding Country; Among which are several New Styles, such as Tinted Ambrotype and the Hollotype, as well as Photographs, Melainotypes, and the common Ambrotypes.

Pictures Taken In All Kinds of Weather, and satisfaction given, or no charge will be made.  For the small sum of Fifty Cents, you can get a fac simile of yourself, to send to your friends and sweethearts.  Ladies are respectfully invited to call and examine our Specimens, Beauty Is Fleeting; Catch it ere it fades.  Instructions Given in the Art on reasonable terms.  E. M. Collins.

The fourth announcement appeared on October 30, 1857.  Seneca County Agricultural Society.  List of Premiums…Class 14th-Mechanical Products….

Entry no. 24, display daguerrean pictures Tunison & Fay 1st prem.  Ohio Farmer.

Entry no. 25, display ambrotype pictures Tunison & Fay 1st prem. Diploma.

Entry no. 42, display daguerrean pictures E. M.  Collins 2d premium, diploma.

Entry no. 43, display ambrotype pictures E. M. Collins 2d prem. diploma.

The third advertisement ran from March 12 to August 13, 1858.  New Counterfeits.  E. M. Collins, Has just fitted up a new Sky Light and Ambrotype Gallery, In Singer’s Old Block, up stairs, for the purpose of Counterfeiting the “Human Face Devine.”

He is now prepared to make better pictures than were ever heretofore offered to the citizens of Tiffin And Surrounding Country; Among which are several New Styles, such as Tinted Ambrotype and the Hollotype, as well as Photographs, Melainotypes, and the common Ambrotypes.

Pictures Taken In All Kinds of Weather, and satisfaction given, or no charge will be made.  For the small sum of Twenty-Five Cents, you can get a fac simile of yourself, to send to your friends and sweethearts.  Ladies are respectfully invited to call and examine our Specimens, Beauty Is Fleeting; Catch it ere it fades.  Instructions Given in the Art on reasonable terms.  Oct. 23.  E. M. Collins.

The fourth advertisement ran from August 13 to October 29, 1858.  New Counterfeits.  Pictures For A Quarter!  Collins’ New Gallery, Singer’s Block, opposite the Court House, Tiffin, O.

Something New, Pictures Taken on Purple Glass.

Behold the works of Art in grandeur rise,

Laugh at the Past and all its works despise.

The last achievement, from shades of night,

Just brought from Nature’s darkness into light,

Is the crystal gem—the Ambrotype,

On purple glass, that needs no black

Defective varnish on the back.

The Greatest Discovery of the Age.  Pictures taken in this way are superior to all others in beauty and durability.  They require no backing whatever and are not liable to crack or become blue and spotted.

No Humbug About It.  Call and examine my specimens and get a picture for yourself.  For Sale.—Open frames of all kinds for hanging against the wall.  Instructions in the Art given on the most reasonable terms.  E. M. Collins, Artist.  Main Street, opposite the court House, Tiffin, O.

The fifth announcement appeared on October 29, 1858.  List of Premiums.  Awarded at the 8th annual Fair of the Seneca County Agricultural Society…Class 15th—Fine Arts….

Tunison & Fay, Display Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes 1st Premium, $2.00

E. M. Collins, Display Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes 2d premium, $1.00

Hartsock & Falkner, Display Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes, Discretionary, Diploma.

Tunison & Fay, Display of Photographs and Spherotypes, $2.00.

E. M. Collins does not appear in other photographic directories as being active in Tiffin, Ohio.  An E. M. Collins is active in 1859-1860 in Lima, Ohio[1], but it is unknown if they are the same person.  The distance between Tiffin and Lima using modern roads is 60½ miles.


[1] Ohio Photographers 1839-1900 &  Craig’s Daguerreian Registry.

William Churton

1858                30 Barclay Street, New York, New York.

William Churton was record in one advertisement that appeared on November 27, 1858 in The New York Herald (New York, New York),  Photographic Operator Wanted—To Go To Porto Rico; a single young man capable of taking outdoor views on large plates; must come well recommended.  Apply to or address W. Churton, 30 Barclay street, New York.

William Churton is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as one of the original signers of the constitution of the American Photographical Society, which was adopted on March 26, 1859.  John mentions that he is possibly a photographer.  Unfortunately the above advertisement does not answer that question, he is also not listed in the 1857/1858; 1858/1859; or the 1859/1860 New York City Directory.

John Chenoweth

1857                Second Street, Near St. Paul House, Shakopee, Minnesota.

John[1] Chenoweth of the firm Kerlinger & Chenoweth were recorded in one advertisement that appeared on September 5, 1857 in the Republican Advocate (Shakopee, Minnesota).  Ambrotyping and Photographing!  Ambrotypes For Seventy-Five Cents!!  Having located on Second Street, near the St. Paul House, the undersigned would respectfully inform the citizens of Shakopee and vicinity, that they are now in possession of a new and well selected stock of Goods, and are prepared to take pictures of the first quality and most improved style.—Those wishing pictures would do well to give us a call.  Satisfaction given or no charge.  Instructions also given in the art.

Give us a call.  Kerlinger & Chenoweth.  Shakopee, August 8th.

John Chenoweth is recorded in Pioneer Photographers from the Mississippi to the Continental Divide, A Biographical Dictionary 1839-1865. As being listed in the 1857 census as being active in Shakopee, Minnesota.


[1] Pioneer Photographers from the Mississippi to the Continental Divide, A Biographical Dictionary 1839-1865.