Category Archives: Photographs

James Marston

1852                Rooms over L. D. Smith’s Store, Ottawa, Illinois.

1853-1854       Opposite the court house, west side of the square, Ottawa, Illinois.

1854-1857 Nattinger’s Block, south side of the public square, Ottawa, Illinois.

1857-1859       Gallery, over the Bank of Eames, Allen & Co., Ottawa, Illinois.

James Marston was recorded in six announcements and nine advertisements (mentioned in two) advertisement in The Ottawa Free Trader (Ottawa, Illinois).  The first announcement appeared on October 16.  Daguerreotype Likenesses.—We would call attention to the Card of Mr. James Marston in todays paper.  Mr. M. is an experienced hand at his business and his likenesses in every respect are perfect.  He has permanently located himself at this place and will be ever happy to receive the visits of such as are desirous to examine his specimens, at his rooms over L. D. Smith’s store.

The first advertisement ran from October 16, 1853 to May 21, 1853.  Daguerreotypist, James Marston especially informs the citizens of Ottawa and vicinity that he has permanently located himself in this place, and fitted up rooms over L. D. Smith’s store, opposite the Mansion house, where he is prepared to take miniatures of unsurpassed beauty and warranted never to fade.  Prices–$1.50 and upwards.

Mr. J. M.’s experience in the business is of many years standing.  He will guarantee every likeness taken in his gallery to be equal in finish and truthfulness to any taken in the world.

Time for children between the hours of 10 A. M. and 2 P. M.

Invalids waited upon at their residences.  Also likenesses of deceased persons taken.

Secure the shadow ere the substance fade,

Let nature copy that which Nature made. 

The second advertisement ran from May 21, 1853 to July 15, 1854.  Daguerreotypist, James Marston especially informs the citizens of Ottawa and vicinity that he has removed into his new sky light gallery, opposite the court house, west side of the square, where he is prepared to take miniatures in the most improved style of the art.

Mr. J. M.’s experience in the art is of many years standing.  He will guarantee every likeness taken in his gallery to be equal in finish and truthfulness to any taken in the world.

Time for children between the hours of 10 A. M. and 2 P. M.

The subscriber would here beg leave to state that he repudiates entirely, the jockeying system, so common among daguerreans.  His prices are fixed and although not so low as those of some artists, are no higher than will enable him to do justice to himself and patrons.  He will not take pictures unless he can put them up in a system worthy of the art and its professors.  J. Marston.

Miniatures set in lockets, breast-pins, finger rings, and medallions.  Also, likenesses of corpses or deceased persons taken. 

The third advertisement ran from October 28 to December 16, 1854.   Daguerrean Gallery!  James Marston respectfully informs the citizens of Ottawa and all the rest of mankind, that he has spared no expense or pains in fitting a new and splendid sky light gallery in Nattinger’s block, south side of the public square, where he is prepared to take miniatures in the latest and most approved styles of the art.  A good assortment of plain and fancy cases on hand.

Time for taking children under three years of age, from 10 A. M. to 2 P. M., on clear days; all over three years taken in any kind of weather.  Dark dresses always preferable.

Ladies and gentlemen please call; he will be glad to see you whether you want pictures or not. 

The fourth advertisement (first that he was mentioned in) ran from December 16, 1854 to March 17, 1855. Daguerrean Gallery! Miss A. Shedd would take this opportunity of informing her friends and the community at large, that she has bought out the daguerrean rooms formerly occupied by J. Marston, and would say that she is now prepared to take miniatures in the latest and most approved style of the art, having the advantage of a large sky light, and one of C. C. Harrison’s best cameras.

Always a good supply of plain and fancy cases on hand, from $1.50 to $10.

Hours for operation, from 8 A. M. to 4 P. M.  Dark dresses always preferable. 

The fifth advertisement ran from March 31, 1855 to April 5, 1856.  Daguerreotypes.  The subscriber would respectfully inform his old friends and the rest of mankind that he is at his post again, and is prepared to execute likenesses in a superior style to any ever taken in this city before, for I have made a new discovery in the arrangement of light which enables me to give a more truthful and life-like expression to the likeness than is otherwise obtained.  Call in any weather at my new daguerreotype rooms, and you may have your miniatures in a plain case for only $1.50; finer cases at small extra costs.  Extra heads on same plate fifty cents each.  Always come in dark dress, as red, orange, green, or black. 

N. B.  My pictures cannot be excelled anywhere—can be equalled at but few places in the west.  Come in and see, as I will be glad to show faces whether you want anything or not.  James Marston.

The second announcement appeared on October 20, 1855.  The County Fair.  We give to-day as full a report as our limits will permit, of the annual exhibition of the La Salle County Agricultural, Mechanical, and Horticultural Society, held in this city on Tuesday and Wednesday…Domestic Manufactures…The committee awarded premiums as follows:…

Mr. Marston, daguerreotypes, 1st pr. 

The sixth advertisement ran from April 5 to May 10, 1856.  Daguerrean Gallery, Front Rooms, Third Story, in Nattinger’s Block.  James Marston Respectfully informs his friends and the rest of mankind, that he is still at his post, prepared to execute likenesses in a style superior to any ever taken in this city before, for I have made a new discovery in the arrangement of light which enables me to give a more truthful and life-like expression to the likeness than is otherwise obtained.  Call in any weather, at my daguerreotype rooms, and you may have your miniature in a plain case for $1.50; finer cases at small extra cost.  Extra heads on same plate, 50 cents each.  Always come in dark dress, such as red, orange, green, or black.

N. B. My pictures cannot be excelled anywhere, and can be equelled at but a few places in the west.  Come in and see, as I will be glad to show faces whether you want anything or not. 

The third announcement appeared on August 1, 1857.  In the Grammar School Department there is a range of studies which it was supposed would require two years to accomplish, but by dint of much effort on the part of the Assistant and pupils, at the end of four terms, a large class presented themselves for examination as candidates for the High School Department, who sustained their examination remarkably well.  A few have been promoted from this department before, but this is the first class that has passed prepared for promotion, and their preparation reflects much credit upon the Assistant in charge.  And, as they were about to leave her, under whose tuition they had been for a year or more, a number of them left with her their ambrotypes, taken in a group by J. Marston, or the master of the art in the city.

The seventh advertisement ran from August 19, 1857 to October 3, 1857.  New Daguerrian Gallery.  The subscriber having sold out his Daguerrian Gallery, in Nattinger’s Block, with the intention of quitting the business, but through the solicitation of many friends, he has concluded to open another Gallery, over the Bank of Eames, Allen & Co., where he will be ready to receive all who may favor him with a call, on Saturday the 26th inst.  Having an improved sky and side light, he flatters himself that he ca take better pictures than you can get this side of New York.  Thankful for past patronage, I would invite one and all to the new Gallery of James Marston. 

The eighth advertisement ran from October 6, 1857 to October 2, 1858.  New Picture Gallery.  The lovers of fine arts, and the public generally, are invited to examine specimens now on exhibition at the new Rooms just opened over the City Bank of Eames, Allen & Co., north of the Court House, under the supervision of James Marston.

The undersigned having purchased the interest of Mr. Marston, in the above business, is now prepared to furnish Ambrotypes in the highest style of the art, warranted in every instance to give satisfaction or no charge made.  The services of Mr. Marston have been secured for a short time, and those acquainted with his skill will need no further assurance for getting truthful pictures.  A share of the public patronage is solicited.  Ottawa, October 3, 1857.  C. M. Van Doren.

The fourth announcement appeared on May 7, 1859.  Marston is again in the picture business, at the rooms over City Bank.  See advertisement next week.

The fifth announcement appeared on October 1, 1859. The County Fair…2.–Paintings and Drawings. the display was not large–probably a dozen of entries. We scarcely saw them and the committee make no comment. The pictures by Mr. Voegtlin, we are told, however, possessed considerable merit, while the daguerrean pictures, both by Mr. Marston and by Mr. Porter, were as good as they get up anywhere.

Ambrotypes, Jas. Marston.

Oil colored photographs, Jas. Marston.

Uncolored photographs, J. E. Porter.

Ambrotypes and Melainotypes, J. E. Porter.

If there is an inconsistency in this last award, the committee must explain it, for we can’t.

The sixth announcement appeared on October 8, 1859. Premium List.  Full List of Premiums awarded at the Fair of the La Salle Co. Agricultural Society, held at Ottawa, Sept. 28, 29, 30…

19—Paintings and Drawings….

Ambrotypes, 2 entries. Jas. Marston.

Photographs in oil, 1 entry.  Jas. Marston.

Uncolored Photographs, 1 entry.  J. E. Porter.

Ambrotypes & Melainotypes, 1 entry.  J. E. Porter.

The committee have apparently awarded the same premium to Porter and to Marston.  They probably meant, in the last case, the “collection.”

The ninth advertisement (second that he was mentioned in) appeared on May 19, 1860.  Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, And Photographs.  Miss F. J. Webber Would respectfully inform the citizens of Ottawa and vicinity, that she has recently purchased the rooms formerly occupied by Jas. Marston, over the Citizens Bank, north side of the square on Madison st.

Miss W. having the advantage of much experience and superior facilities, feels confident that she can produce as good a picture as can be obtained elsewhere.  Her rooms are pleasantly situated and elegantly furnished for the accommodation of customers, and her stock of cases is very large, comprising all sizes and qualities, varying from 50 cents to $10. and she has also gold lockets and breastpins, which be sold at the lowest prices.

James Marston is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in Ottawa, Illinois in 1854-1855 and in 1860.

Edwin J. March

1856                86 Factory Island, opposite The Post Office, Saco, Maine.

1858                Rooms Next Door to the Old Post Office, Saco, Maine.

Edwin J. March was recorded in one announcement and two advertisements in the Maine Democrat (Saco, Maine).  The announcement appeared on October 7, 1856 while he was in the partnership of Davis & March (A. R. Davis & Edwin J. Davis).  York & Co.  Agricultural Society.  Reports of Committees made at the recent Cattle Show and Fair…

Report on Paintings, Statuary, Drawing and Daguerreotypes.  Your Committee would respectfully report that the exhibition in their department was meager: nevertheless, it was such as indicated that the Fine Arts were not entirely neglected in the County….

To Ambrotypes marked 175—E. H. McKenney, Biddeford, $3.00

To Ambrotypes marked 25—by Davis & March, Saco, $2.00

The first advertisement ran on February 2 to 16, 1858.  Have your Picture taken before business depression lengthens your faces so that you will be ashamed to see even their shadows delineated on Glass.

Ambrotypes, Daguerreotypes, Glass Pictures, Cloth Pictures, Or any other style required, my be had at as low prices as elsewhere, at March’s Ambrotype Rooms.  (Next Door to the Old Post Office, Saco, Maine.

The second advertisement ran from February 23 to June 8, 1858.  The Place To Get The Best Ambrotypes, Daguerreotypes, And Photographs!  Is at March’s Ambrotype Rooms, Next Door to Old Post Office.

We are bound to make the best pictures!  Call and see.

P.S.  Plain and fancy Cases constantly on hand at the lowest rates.

Edwin J. March is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in Saco, Maine in 1856-1857.

Marble Hall Photograph and Ambrotype Gallery

1859                Address Unknown, Westfield, New York.

Marble Hall Photograph and Ambrotype Gallery were recorded in one announcement that appeared in the Westfield Republican (Westfield, New York) on January 12, 1859.  The Ambition of the proprietor of Marble Hall Photograph and Ambrotype Gallery seems to excel in his art, and he succeeds admirably.  If you don’t believe it go there, get a picture, and be convinced.

Marble Hall Photograph and Ambrotype Gallery is not recorded in other photographic directories.

J. W. Lowry

1859                Over Hezekiah’s Fashionable Emporium, Little Rock, Arkansas.

J. W. Lowry was recorded in one advertisement that ran from May 25 to June 29, 1859 in the Arkansas True Democrat (Little Rock, Arkansas).  New Photograph Gallery.  Now open over Hezekiah’s fashionable emporium, and few doors above Anthony house, where the subscriber begs leave to call attention of the citizens of Little Rock and surrounding vicinity, to his new style of life like Ambrotypes and Melainotypes.

Also plain Photographs of any size, not surpassed by any in sharpness, tone and durability.

You who have beauty, should to Lowry take it;

You who have it not, go and let him make it.

Special attention will be given to the ladies.  Prices vary from $1 to $15, according to size and style.  Call and examine at your earliest convenience.  J. W. Lowry, Artist.

N. B.—The likenesses of all ministers of the gospel taken at half price—that is, from 50 cents up.  J. W. L.

J. W. Lowry was not recorded in other photographic directories.

J. F. & P. H. Lovejoy

1857-1858       25 Westminster Street, Providence, Rhode Island.

J. F. & P. H. Lovejoy (John F. Lovejoy) were recorded in one advertisement that was recorded on January 9 and 16, 1858 in the General Advertiser (Providence, Rhode Island).  Daguerreotypes Photographs And Ambrotypes.  Having Newly Furnished the Rooms at No. 25 Westminster-st., we are prepared to take Pictures of all kinds and sizes, in the most perfect manner.  All Pictures Warranted.  Remember The Number 25.  J. F. Lovejoy, P. H. Lovejoy, Artists.  je6.

J. F. & P. H. Lovejoy are recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in 1858. 

Please note the date at the end of the advertisement “je6.” This is probably June 6 1857, no newspapers were available in 1856 and 1857, after the January 16, 1858 the next newspaper available on was on June 16, 1858, which they did not appear in.

Professor Laine

1855                165 Eighth Avenue, New York, New York.

Professor Laine was mentioned in an advertisement that appeared on September 2, 1855 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  Photograph’s—Plain or Colored, by Huylar, 165 Eighth avenue, having fitted up this gallery in connection with our daguerreotype business, we would be happy to have our friends give us a call.  E. Huylar, first operator; Professors Leine and Hunt assistants.

Professor Laine is not recorded in other photographic directories.  In a search of the New York City Directories for 1854/1855; 1855/1856 and the 1856/1857 no additional information was found to help identify who Professor Laine was.

William R. Knapp

1843                263 Grand Street, Columbia Hall, New York, New York.

1845-1854       103 Bowery, New York, New York.

1851-1855       559 Broadway, near Prince Street, New York, New York.

1855-1856       477 Broadway, New York. New York.

1857                43 Fulton Street, Brooklyn, New York.

1857                103 Bowery, New York, New York.

1858                469 Broadway, New York, New York.

1860                398 Bowery, New York, New York.

New York City Directories

1838/1839—engineer—88 Lewis.

1839/1840—engineer—88 Lewis..

1840/1841—engineer—88 Lewis—h-70 Lewis.

1841/1842—gunsmith—50½ Houston—h-18  ave. D.

1842/1843—gunsmith—50½ [Houston]—h-55 Houston.

1843/1844—gunsmith—302 Rivington.

1844/1845—gunsmith–302 Rivington.

1845/1846—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-302 Rivington.

1846/1847—daguerrian—103 Bowery.

1847/1848—daguerreotype—103 Bowery & 226 Bleeker—h558 Fourth.

1848/1849—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-558 Fourth.

1849/1850—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-644 Fourth.

1850/1851—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-644 Fourth.

1851/1852—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-188 E. 19th.

1852/1853—daguerrean—103 Bowery & 559 Broadway—h-188 E. 19th.

1853/1854—daguerreian—103 Bowery & 559 Broadway—h-188 E. 19th.

1854/1855—daguerrean—559 Broadway—h-180 E. 19th.

1855/1856—daguerreian—477 Broadway—h-75 E. 40th.

1856/1857—daguerreotypist—477 Broadway—h-75 E. 40th.

1857/1858—not listed.

1858/1859—daguerreotypes-469 Broadway—h 145 E. 32d.

1859/1860—no occupation listed—h-145 E. 32d.

1860/1861—photographs—398 Bowery—h-142 E. 33d.

1861/1862—not listed.

1862/1863—not listed.

William R. Knapp is recorded in one advertisement that ran from October 21 to November 2, 1843 in the  New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  Daguerreotype Miniatures are taken in a superior style by Wm. R. Knapp, at Columbian Hall, No. 263 Grand street, with all the latest improvements, including color.  Persons wanting a correct likeness of themselves or friends are respectfully solicited to call and examine specimens.  Pictures are taken in cloudy, stormy and fair weather.  Prices including case, from $1.50 to $4.  Hours from 8 A. M. until 4 P. M.                                                                                          

William R. Knapp is recorded in other photographic directories.  But is included here in part with new information.  The activity dates are derived from the city directories and newspaper accounts of over 30 typed pages that have not been included in the blog.  

Walter I Kirby

1859                Address Unknown, New York, New York.

Walter I Kirby was recorded in one advertisement that appeared on April 1, 1859 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  A Good Photographer, Accustomed To Working the dry and wet processes, the daguerreotype and life size pictures, wishes an engagement.  Address Walter I. Kirby, box 130 Herald office.

Walter I. Kirby is not recorded in other photographic directories.  Kirby is not recorded in the New York City Directories for 1858/1859; 1859/1860 or 1860/1861.

Kerlinger & Chenoweth

1857                Second Street, Near St. Paul House, Shakopee, Minnesota.

Kerlinger & Chenoweth (John M. Kerlinger & John Chenoweth or Chenowith[1]) were recorded in one advertisement that was recorded on September 5, 1857 in the Republican Advocate (Shakopee, Minnesota).  Ambrotyping and Photographing!  Ambrotypes For Seventy-Five Cents!!  Having located on Second Street, near the St. Paul House, the undersigned would respectfully inform the citizens of Shakopee and vicinity, that they are now in possession of a new and well selected stock of Goods, and are prepared to take pictures of the first quality and most improved style.—Those wishing pictures would do well to give us a call.  Satisfaction given or no charge.  Instructions also given in the art.

Give us a call.  Kerlinger & Chenoweth.  Shakopee, August 8th.

Kerlinger & Chenoweth are not listed in other photographic directories as being in a partnership.  The are listed in separate entries in Pioneer Photographers From The Mississippi To The Continental Divide A Biographical Dictionary 1839-1865.


[1] Pioneer Photographers From The Mississippi To The Continental Divide A Biographical Dictionary 1839-1865.

F. P. Kenyon

1853-1854       Rooms in the building west of H. & F. Sheffield’s Store, Westerly, Rhode Island.

1855-1858       55 State Street, New London, Connecticut.

1859-1861       Rooms Corner State & Bank Streets, New London, Connecticut.

F. P. Kenyon was recorded in eight advertisement and one announcement in four different newspapers.  The first advertisement ran from October 27, 1853 to January 12, 1854 in The Literary Echo and Pawcatuck Advertiser (Westerly, Rhode Island).  Sky-Light Daguerreotypes. The subscriber, having re-opened the rooms formerly occupied by J. Tanner, with many additions and improvements, would inform his friends and the public generally, that he is now prepared to take likenesses in the best style, and at the lowest prices at which good pictures can be obtained.  Using the best American Instruments, and the most effectual Chemical Combinations known, in connection with a Large Sky-Light, he will furnish pictures which shall be inferior to none in their accuracy and beauty of finish.

Please call and examine specimens.  Rooms in the building west of H. & F. Sheffield’s Store.

Sitters should, by all means, wear dresses of a dark color.  F. P. Kenyon.

The second advertisement ran from September 6, 1855 to June 19, 1856 in the New London Weekly Chronical (New London, Connecticut).  Photographs on Glass.  These Pictures, so beautiful in tone, bold & clear in effect, are universally admire wherever they are exhibited, and are rapidly taking the place of Daguerreotypes, which too often proves evanescent and changing in their character.

These Pictures are taken upon the best Plate Glass, and indestructible varnish is then put upon them, which is impervious to the weather.

These Pictures may be set in monuments , carried to sea, or otherwise exposed to the action of the elements—and will retain their brilliancy for ages, being as endurable as the Glass upon which they are taken.  The public are invited to call and examine specimens.  Remember the No. 55 State St., New London, Connecticut.  E. P. Kenyon.

The announcement appeared on September 13, 1855 in the New London Weekly Chronical  (New London, Connecticut).  Ambrotypes.—We have seen considerable said in the newspapers recently about this new style of taking likenesses, but had little idea of what it really is, till we went a few days since, inti the Gallery of Mr. Kenyon, 55 State Street, whose advertisement will be seen in another column.  The specimens of his art which he showed us were certainly very beautiful—much superior to Daguerreotypes—and there can be not doubt we think of the decided superiority of the entire process and execution over the old mode.  We commend Mr. K’s room to the attention of our readers as the place where they will be gratified by seeing a great many exquisite pictures, and be as likely as any where else we know of to obtain an excellent likenesses of themselves or their friends.

The third advertisement ran from January 4, 1856 to June 20, 1856  in the New London Daily Chronical (New London, Connecticut).  Ambrotypes  Photographs on Glass.  These Pictures, so beautiful in tone, bold & clear in effect, are universally admire wherever they are exhibited, and are rapidly taking the place of Daguerreotypes, which too often proves evanescent and changing in their character.

These Pictures are taken upon the best Plate Glass, and indestructible varnish is then put upon them, which is impervious to the weather.

These Pictures may be set in monuments , carried to sea, or otherwise exposed to the action of the elements—and will retain their brilliancy for ages, being as endurable as the Glass upon which they are taken.  The public are invited to call and examine specimens.  Remember the No. 55 State St., New London, Connecticut.  E. P. Kenyon.

The fifth advertisement ran from June 19, 1856 to December 31, 1857 in the New London Daily Chronical (New London, Connecticut).  Ambrotypes!  The Public are invited to call at 55 State St. where they can get Ambrotypes With Colors, Also Daguerreotypes in every variety of style.  F. P. Kenyon.

The sixth Advertisement ran from June 19, 1856 to December 31, 1857 in the New London Weekly Chronical (New London, Connecticut).  Ambrotypes!  The Public are invited to call at 55 State St. where they can get Ambrotypes With Colors, Also Daguerreotypes in every variety of style.  F. P. Kenyon.

The seventh advertisement ran from February 3 to May 5, 1859  in the New London Weekly Chronical (New London, Connecticut).  25 Cent Ambrotypes.  Great Reduction In The Price of Ambrotypes. With Union Cases, Medium Size Which I formerly Got $3.00 For, I Now Offer for $1.50.  One-ninth Size at $1.00 With Picture.  Also Other Sizes in Proportion.

Having had for the past year, competition by parties who have sold the Union Case unfitted, to the public, giving them to understand that they could get Pictures set in the at a Reduced price, whereby they could save to themselves from 75 cents to $1.00 per picture, I now offer to my patrons and the public the above reduced prices, which will positively cheaper than they can buy the Cases and get the picture inserted.

I give these prices to the public to inform them that they can get of me pictures Cheaper Than Ever Before Offered In This City.

Also, I tender my thanks to the public for their very liberal patronage, hoping they will sustain me with their favors.

N.B.—Pictures inserted in Rings, Cases, Lockets, Bracelets, Pins, &c.  Also, Pictures made expressly to send by post, on light material, which will not require extra postage. All work will be done with neatness and dispatch.

Rooms On Corner of Bank and State Sts.  F. P. Kenyon.  jan 29.

The eighth advertisement was recorded on September 20 and August 16, 1860 in the New London Daily Star (New London, Connecticut).  Ambrotypes!  The Subscriber begs leave to inform the Public that he has discontinued the low prices that he has been making Pictures for, and resumed his former prices, 50 Cents, Being the lowest price for which good Pictures will be guaranteed.

Rooms On The Corner Of Bank & State Sts., New London, April. 20th.  F. P. Kenyon.

F. P. Kenyon is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in New London, Connecticut in 1856 to 1860. Another advertisement (not recorded in the blog) dates from February 13, 1861 which was recorded on May 13 where Kenyon is at the same address and advertises Ambrotypes, Photographs, &c.

John also records an H. P. Kenyon in Westerly, Rhode Island in 1855 this is possibly the same person.