Tag Archives: New York City

Dr. A. Caspari

1843-1844       Address Unknown, Richmond, Virginia.

Dr. A. Caspari was recorded twice in advertisements that appeared the in The New York Herald (New York, New York) on June 1, and ran until September 5, 1843 and on October 17, 1843 to January 26, 1844.  It is unknown if Dr. Caspari is a daguerreotypist, a supplier or just an agent for the Langenheim Brothers.  Philip Haas, Edward White, and Peter Laurens[1] are daguerreotypist, Dr. Caspari and William West are not recorded in other photographic directories that I have access to.

Philadelphia Daguerreotype Establishment.  Exchange Building, Rooms 26 & 27.  The Subscribers, having procured the agency for the sale of Voigtander’s Daguerreotype Apparatus, constructed according to Professor Petzval’s calculation, have on hand a large assortment of these Apparatus, and artists as well as amateurs of their art, wishing to procure a good apparatus, will find it to their advantage to procure instruments of this construction.  They also have lately imported a large quantity of German and French plates, and all the chemicals used in their art, which they warrant in every respect, as they are made to their order.  Polishing substances, and morocco cases, and all necessary materials, are sold on the most reasonable terms.  The following gentlemen have agreed to act as their agents, viz:—                                                                                                                                      E. White, 175 Broadway, N. Y.                                                                                                                              P. Haas, Esq., Washington, D. C.                                                                                                                      Dr. A. Caspari, Richmond, Va.                                                                                                                              P. Laurens, Esq., Savannah, Ga.                                                                                                                  William West, Esq., Cincinnati, Ohio. Added to advertisement on June 22, 1843.

All communications (post paid) and orders, accompanied with remittance, will be promptly attended to, and should be directed to W. & F. Langenheim, Exchange Building, Phila.

The second advertisement ran on  October 17, 1843.  Peter Laurens has been replaced by Samuel Broadbent for the Southern States.  Philadelphia Daguerreotype Establishment.  Exchange Building, Rooms 26 & 27.  The Subscribers, has received a large supply of Voigtander’s celebrated Daguerreotype Apparatus, large and small sizes, with achromatic lenses made according to Professor Petzval’s calculation.

Also a new supply of the best plates and chemicals, which he warrants good and sells at reduced prices.  The following gentlemen have agreed to act as their agents, viz:—                E. White, 175 Broadway, N. Y. P. Haas, Esq., Washington, D. C. Dr. A. Caspari, Richmond, Va.  S. Broadbent, Esq., for the Southern States.  William West, Esq., Cincinnati, Ohio.

All communications (post paid) and orders, accompanied with remittance, will be promptly attended to, and should be directed to William Langenheim, Exchange Building, Phila.

[1] Active in Savannah, Georgia from 1843 until at least 1863.  Early Georgia Photographers, 1841 – 1861: a Biographical Checklist, Compiled by E. Lee Eltzroth.


Robert A Carden

1855                Address Unknown, Alexandria, Virginia.                                                                          1853-1854     293 Broadway, New York, New York.                                                                        1854                369 Broadway, New York, New York.[1]                                                                1855                Address Unknown, Alexandria, Virginia.                                                                  1856                Clay & Kearny Streets, San Francisco, California.[2]                                      1858                Address Unknown, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Based on work done by Peter Palmquist and Thomas Kailbourn in Pioneer Photographers of the Far West A Biographical Dictionary, 1840-1865, Craig’s Daguerreian Registry by John Craig, New York City Directories, and newspaper advertisements and notices in New York City and Washington, D. C.  I’ve put together the following snapshot of Carden’s activity.

Robert A. Carden was not listed in the 1852-1853 New York City Directory, he was listed in the 1853-1854 and 1854-1855 directories as daguerreotypes, 293 Broadway, in 1853-1854 directory his house was listed at 393 Broadway, Carden was not listed in subsequent NYC directories.  In 1853-1854 there was also a listing for Carden & Co, daguerreotypes, at the 293 Broadway.

Carden was recorded on April 13, 1853 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York.)  25 Cent Daguerreotypes.—Carden & Co., No. 293 Broadway, are still taking those superb Pictures at the low price of 25 cents, notwithstanding there are some who advertise 12 ½ cent one to be taken at a future day.  It is a well known fact that a picture cannot be produced for less than 25 cents; hence the great rush every day at Carden & Co.’s.

Craig’s Daguerreian Registry recorded the partnership of Carden & Norton, 369 Broadway from the 1854 Mercantile Directory.

He was recorded in the Daily American Organ (Washington, D. C.) on February 9, 1855 and in the Evening Star (Washington, D. C.) on February 10, 1855.  The Exhibition of the Metropolitan Mechanic’s Institute.—…Contributions from Virginia…Smith Bennett and Robert A. Carden, Frames of beautiful daguerreotypes;

Six months later the following advertisement appears on August 9 & 15, 1855 in the Evening Star (Washington, D. C.)  Daguerrean Gallery For Sale in Alexandria, Va.  One of the best rooms in Alexandria.  Will be sold cheap for cash.  Any person who wants to learn the business will be taught; and also will teach the art of Photograph free.  That alone is worth one hundred dollars to any artist.  Two Artist wanted to color Photographs.  Address “RAC,” Artist, Alexandria, Va.

Pioneer Photographers of the Far West A Biographical Dictionary, 1840-1865, by Peter Palmquist and Thomas Kailbourn.  They mention that Carden is in San Francisco, California in 1856 working for Henry William Bradley at Clay & Kearny Streets.  Also that he wrote two articles for the Photographic and Fine Art Journal on April 1857, p 112 & 113 on Photography in California and was signed R. A. C. the same as the Evening Star advertisement on August 9 & 15, 1855.   In August of 1858 he wrote about the New Orleans Photographic Galleries on pages 244 & 245. Carden is reported in the same issue on page 256 that that he has returned to New York from New Orleans where he showed Ambrotypes and prints taken while he was there.  Was Carden active as a photographer or possibly as an assistant?  Further research is needed.  He was not listed in as being active in Photography in New Orleans The Early Years, 1840-1865, by Margaret Denton Smith and Mary Louise Tucker except to mention the article in The Photographic And Fine Art Journal.

Recorded on November 11, 1859 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York.)  Carden—At Little Falls, Herkimer County, N. Y., on Thursday, Sept. 15, Robert A. Carden, photographic artist, formerly of this city [died], aged 26.

[1] Craig’s Daguerreian Gallery in partnership of Carden & Norton.                                                   [2] Entry for 1856 & 1858 from Pioneer Photographers Of The Far West.


Byron & Bent

1851                155 Atlantic Street, Brooklyn, New York.

Byron & Ben were first recorded in an announcement on May 12, 1851 in The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, New York.)  Brooklyn Not To Be Outdone.—Byron & Bent, of 155 Atlantic Street, Brooklyn, whose artistic skill as Daguerreotypist, is rapidly gaining for them a distinguished celebrity, determined to keep pace with the New York artists, have, with a laudable enterprise, fitted up a Daguerrian gallery that will vie with any in the modern Gotham.  In point of accuracy of delineation, distinctness of execution and style, the likenesses by Byron & Bent, are as perfect as any we have seen, and superior to many, by artists who have had a longer experience, and hold a high rank in their profession.  We command Messrs. B. & B. to the patronage of their fellow citizens.  Their charges are moderate, and the portraits are permanent, which is not the case with very many of the low priced artists—we mean those who charge 50 cts.  Pay them a visit, and give them a trial; you will be sure to call again!

The following week an advertisement appeared on May 17 and ran until August 22, 1851 in The Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, New York.)  Daguerrian Gallery, (From Meade Brothers,) 155 Atlantic street, Brooklyn.  The great want of a good Daguerrian Gallery, in South Brooklyn, has long been felt, and the subscribers have been induced to fit up the first floor over the splendid store of G. D. Sweetzer, at 155 Atlantic street, as one of the first class; and they can say, without fear of contradiction, that in point of convenience and general capabilities, it is surpassed by none in the States.

The Proprietors will always be on the spot, and guarantee that none but Superior Pictures shall be issued from their establishment.  Ladies and elderly persons will find a great convenience in the gallery and operating room being on the first floor.  Children’s Portraits taken in a few seconds.  Portraits taken at private residences.  A choice assortment of Lockets & c.  Portraits (colored) from $1.00 upwards, Portraits with Locket included,          $2.50.  Byron & Bent.

While Walter C. Byron and Edward Stanley Bent are known and have been recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry the new information is that they worked for the Meade Brothers.

Robert E. Burns

1856                365 Eighth Avenue, New York, New York.[1]

Recorded in the Photographic and fine Arts Journal (New York, New York) on January 1, 1856 In an article entitled the Photographic Galleries of America.  Number One, New York. The author visited 69 Galleries in New York City.

Burns — I noticed some very poor pictures in this gallery, although I have seen worse.

As before Robert E. Burns is known I include him her because it is a contemporary writing about his photographs.

1.] First name, initial, and address are from Craig’s Daguerreian Registry.  John list him at 365 Eighth Avenue from 1856-1860 and at 165 Eighth Avenue from 188-1859.

Professor Buffer

1855                289 Broadway, New York, New York.

Professor Buffer was recorded in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York) on May 24, 1855 in an advertisement.  Irish Artists—25 Cent Daguerreotypes.—Prof. Buffer of Dublin has arrived with his celebrated company of 25 Irish picture-makers, and has taken bunks at 289 Broadway for the season.            Buffer & Co.

289 Broadway is the studio address for Silas A. Holmes.  This is the only mention of Professor Buffer in any of the New York Newspapers I have found to date.   This is not the first advertisement that Holmes advertises that he has 20 or more artists working for him.  Holmes continues to advertise his gallery, one more time in May, six times in June, July three times and two in August.  For the next four month he advertises eight time each month.  For more information see a piece I posted on Silas A. Holmes on January 20, 2018.

John DeWitt Brinkerhoff

1851-1852       383 Broadway, New York, New York.

John DeWitt Brinkerhoff was recorded twice in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York.) The first was on October 29, 1851 where he is mentioned as being awarded at the American Institute.  Twenty-Fourth Annual Fair of the American Institute—Official Declaration of Premiums.  Daguerreotypes.

M. A. & S. Root, No. 363 Broadway, best Daguerreotypes—Gold Medal.                                            J. Gurney, No. 159 Broadway, 2d best Daguerreotypes,—Silver Medal.                                           J. D. W. Brinkerhoff, No. 383 Broadway, for Still Life Daguerreotype Views—Silver Medal.    S. A. Holmes, No. 289 Broadway, Still Life Daguerreotype Views.—Silver Medal.             Joseph Atkins, No. 219 Fulton-st., Brooklyn, Cameo Daguerreotype—Silver Medal.                  H. E. Insley, No 311 Broadway, Illuminated Daguerreotypes—Silver Medal.                        Krochls & Vetters, No. 499 Broadway, Photypes—Silver Medal.                                                     Mrs. Bertha Wehnert, No. 385 Broadway, Phototypes.—Silver Medal.                                            C. C. Harrison, No. 85 Duane st., Daguerreotype Cameras.—Gold Medal.

The second entry is from the Annual Report of the American Institute of the city of New York.  Premiums Awarded by the managers of the 26th Annual Fair of the American Institute Oct. 1852….Manufacturing and Mechanical Department…Daguerreotypes

J. Gurney, 189 & 349 Broadway for best daguerreotypes……………Gold medal                Meade & Brothers, 233 Broadway, 2d best daguerreotypes…………Silver medal    Brinkerhoff & Co., 383 Broadway, 3d best daguerreotypes…………Diploma                        Samuel Root, 233 Broadway for imitation crayon daguerreotypes….Silver medal                   S. A. Holmes, 289 Broadway, for excellent daguerreotype views……Diploma                           C. C. Harrison, 86 Duane-Street, for Camera Instrument……………..Gold medal, Having before Award, Diploma.

John DeWitt Brinkerhoff is known and is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry.  I have included the entries because this is new information of awards won at the American Institute.

Julius Brille

1854                156 Bowery, New York, New York.                                                                                  1855-1856       204 Chatham Street, New York, New York.

Julius Brille was listed in two advertisements in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York.) the first on July 12, 1854, which has previously been posted.  But sets an activity date and address        for when he was at 156 Bowery.  Arrest Of Daguerreotype Artists.—The following named persons were yesterday arrested on complaint of Thos. S. Jube of No. 83 Bowery, who charges them with practicing their business on Sundays, contrary to law:  Mr. Reeves, corner of Grand-st. and Bowery; Mrs. Baulch, No. 113 Bowery; Mr. Brille, No. 156 Bowery; Mr. Barkelow, No. 132 Bowery; Mr. Reed, No. 98 Bowery; Mr. Weston, No. 132 Chatham-st.  They were taken to the Second District Police Court and held for examination.

The second advertisement appeared on December 22, 1855 in the New York Daily Tribune.  Handsome Ladies!—Pictures Taken Gratis!—The time fixed for the opening of Barnum’s Gallery Of Beauty has been extended for a short period $20,000 will be expended in Premiums to the 100 handsomest Ladies and for painting their portraits.  Highest prize $1,000.  For particulars see circulars at the Museum.  Daguerreotypes for this Gallery will be taken free of all expense to the sitter, if application be made to them immediately, by all the principal artists in the United States, including the following superior Daguerreotypist in the City of New York.

J. Gurney, No. 489 Broadway; M. M. Lawrence, No. 831 Broadway; S. Root, No. 363 Broadway;  Meade Brothers, No. 233 Broadway; R. Anson, No. 589 Broadway; Beckers & Piard, No. 264 Broadway; M. H. Kimball, No. 407 Broadway; J. W. Thompson, No. 315 Broadway, and 182 Fulton-st, Brooklyn; M. Kerston, No. 421 Broadway, cor. of canal; P. Welling, Cor. of Bleecker and Carmine-sts; P. G. Clark, No. 156 Bowery; Jullus Brill, No. 204 Chatham-st; R. A. Lewis, No. 142 Chatham Square.

The third entry is from the Photographic and fine Arts Journal (New York, New York.)  January 1, 1856.  In an article entitled the Photographic Galleries of America.  Number One, New York. The author visited 69 Galleries in New York City.  J. Brill’s, Chatham street — The daguerreotypes are very good; the photographs are not in the highest perfection, some however excel.

Brille is known Craig’s Daguerreian Registry list him Julius Brill (spelling variant.)  I have included the third entry from the Photographic and fine Arts Journal because it gives a contemporary assessment of his work.  As I work through other New York City Newspapers I hope to add to Brille’s Record.

A. Q. Brauns

1850                247 Broadway, New York, New York.

A. Q. Brauns was listed in one announcement and seven advertisements in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York) between November 8 and December 17, 1850. In order to discuss Brauns we need to first look into the history of the Langenheim Brothers in New York between 1845 through 1850.

Langenheim & Beckers, 201 Broadway have been recorded in four different newspapers with a total of five advertisements from April 7, 1845 to April 27, 1847.  The next appearance of Langenheim in N.Y.C. is in the firm of Hite, Langenheim & Fanshaw at 247 Broadway they appeared in two advertisements July 16 and August 29, 1850.  On September 27 through October 10, 1850 five advertisements appear in the New York Tribune signed Langenheim & Co., National Miniature Gallery.  On October 23, 1850 the advertisement is only recorded as National Miniature Gallery.  The majority of the seven advertisements and the announcement identify Brauns as A. Q.  accept for the first one which identifies him as A. J. Brauns.  In Craig’s Daguerreian Registry he identifies him as A. D. Brauns and being active in 1851 at 247 Broadway, John makes the note that this was Anthony’s address. In fact if you use the newspaper advertisements and notices/articles Anthony was at 247 Broadway from 1843 through 1847 and at 205 Broadway from 1848 to 1851. In 1852 through 1856 at 308 Broadway.

Note that the advertisements for Hite, Langenheim & Fanshaw; Langenheim & Co., National Miniature Gallery; National Miniature Gallery; and A. Q. Brauns are very similar in content they all advertise Talbotypes, or Likenesses on Ivory-paper.  an example of the first advertisement which appeared on November 8, 1850 follows.  Fine Arts.—Talbotypes, or Likenesses on Ivory-paper.  The great advantage of these new pictures gain for them greater popularity every day.  These Likenesses are made of all sizes, up to the size of life.  Valuable Daguerreotypes of deceased persons copied in any size on Ivory paper and finished equal to the best paintings.  The public are invited to examine specimens at No. 247 Broadway.  A. J. Brauns, (late Langenheim & Co.)

The announce which appeared on November 19, 1850.  Fine Arts.—We call the attention of the art-loving public to the new Talbotype Portraits of the establishment of Mr. A. Q. Brauns, (late Langenheim & Co.) 247 Broadway, which seems to combine the exact likeness of the photograph with all the expressive effect of the oil or miniature painting.  The process by which the Talbotypes (as these pictures are named after their inventor,) are taken accuracy of outline, proper gradation of light and shadow, with a graceful and easy position; while the talented workmanship of eminent artists gives to these pictures the characteristic expression so much admired in the productions of the best masters in portraiture.  No small advantage is, that this process obviates the necessity of those tedious sittings required by artists that draw by the eye; one or two sittings, of a few minutes’ duration each being all that is required.  We would advise the public to examine the fine collection of specimens that Mr. Brauns has at his rooms, which will repay the trouble of visiting them.  We also call attention to the advertisement in another column of our paper.

A. Q. Brauns does not appear in the Directory of Pennsylvania Photographers 1839-1900.  It is unknown if Brauns connection with Langenheim extends to the partnership of Hite, Langenheim & Fanshaw or to the Langenheim Brothers studio in Philadelphia.

Brady & Evans

1857                205 & [359] Broadway, New York, New York.

Brady & Evans.  In trying to piece information together about the partnership I started looking in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry unfortunately the partnership is not mention.  Under the entry for Mathew B. Brady’s there is no mention of Evans, under the entry for Thomas C. Evans John does mention that he probably worked for Brady in the 1850’s, but does not list hard dates for when they might have been active together.  Contrary to John reporting Brady did operate the 205 Broadway address from 1847 until 1858, and the 359 Broadway address from 1853 to 1859, a third New York City Gallery was added in 1858-1859 at 643 Broadway.  John reports in 1858-1859 that Evans is at the 643 Broadway address but does not make the connection that it is the same address as Brady’s.  Since only the two notices below have been found to date that mention Thomas C. Evans it would only be speculation to suggest that Evans was working at the 205 Address, but, knowing that he is working at the new studio and that the 205 address has been closed gives some weight to that suggestion.

The first notice about Brady and Evans were reported in the Evening Star (Washington, D. C.) on October 2, 1857 Life-size Photographs.—The art of Photography is advancing rapidly and steadily towards perfection.  The imperial photograph has been generally deemed the finest achievement in the department thus far; but Messrs. Brady & Evans have gone a step further, and have produced full-length photographic portraits the size of life.  These are the first of the kind ever made in the world, and are well worthy of examination, not simply as curiosities, but as works of art.  Two of them are groups of three figures each, and the other is a splendid full-length likeness of the popular prima donna Frezzolini.  The pictures are in size about seven feet by four, and are as accurate likenesses as any of the smaller photographs in the gallery.  By some means or other, moreover, the artists have overcome the leading defect of this art, which consists in exaggerating the size of that portion of the object which happens to be in the foreground.  These pictures are not taken directly from life, but from smaller ones upon glass, magnified.  We understand two of them will probably be sent to the Crystal Palace for exhibition.  They are certainly very remarkable productions.—New York Times.

The second notice appeared in The Evansville Daily Journal (Evansville, Indiana) on October 3, Brady & Evans of New York City are producing photographic portraits of full life size, but are first taken in miniature and then enlarged.

William Bogart

William Bogart, 345 Bleecker Street, New York City[1] is a known daguerreotypist.  I added his name because of the contemporary description of his work. He appears in the Photographic and Fine Arts Journal published in New York City on January 1, 1856. The article is entitled the Photographic Galleries of America, Number One, New York. The author visited 69 Galleries in New York City

Bogert — An old established gallery. Some very artistic specimens.

[1] Not all first names or complete addresses were recorded in article.   Craig’s Daguerreian Registry was used to assist in identification when possible, first name and address were added.