Tag Archives: Daguerreotype Plates

Theodatus Garlick

1840                Address Unknown, Baltimore, Maryland.

1841                18 Franklin Building, Cleveland, Ohio.

Theodatus Garlick was recorded in one announcement that appeared on October 22, 1840 in The Pilot and Transcript (Baltimore, Maryland).  The Daguerreotype.—Cheaper Plates.—In the number of the Maryland Medical and Surgical Journal, just issued, is a communication from Doctor Theodatus Garlick, of this city, detailing the preparing daguerreotype plates in a simpler and cheaper manner than that now used, in obtaining photognic drawings.  Doctor Garlick takes a plate of sheet brass, or copper, well planished, to make it very dense.  This he polishes highly, by using first, fine pumice stone and oil, which gives a tolerably fine and regular surface; then rotten stone and oil, which improves it considerably.  The plate is next cleansed by washing or wiping, when it must be finished very highly by the buff with the peroxide of iron without oil.  The plate must be as bright as a mirror to produce a fine picture.  It is now ready for silvering.  “Make a weak solution of the nitrate of silver, which must be applied equally over the surface of the brass with a camel’s hair brush.  The silver is instantly precipitated, and adheres to the plate very firmly, in the form of a dark brown powder.  The surface should then be rubbed over gently with a super-tartrate of potash, made moist with water, which restores it to its bright color.  The successive application of the solution of the nitrate of silver, and the super-tartrate should be repeated at least three times.  The solution of the nitrate should not be to strong, as it then corrodes the brass, and the silver will come off in flakes.  The best criterion is to try the solution upon the edge of the plate.  If it turns the plate instantly black, it is too strong.  It should produce a deep brown color, or that rather gradually.  You may take another buff, (which should be used for no other purpose, and must be soft,)  and a little very fine peroxide of iron, and polish the plate, finally as high as possible.  The buff should pass over the plate transversely, instead of circularly, as recommended by M. Daguerre, so that the marks it leaves should run all one way.  It is now [ready] for the iodine.”  We have used the Doctor’s own words, in giving the process of preparing a plate.  He says it is easily accomplished, after a little practice, and takes but little time.—Plates prepared in this way, he says, are capable of producing the finest specimens of daguerreotype drawings.

1841 August 28.  Daily Cleveland Herald.  (Cleveland, Ohio.)  August 28, 1841, Vol. VI, No. 300, P. 3.

Daguerreotype Portraits.—Dr. T. Garlick, would inform the Ladies and Gentlemen of Cleveland, that he will remain for a short time in their city, for the purpose of taking portraits by the new art.

His rooms are in the Franklin Buildings, where he most respectfully invites them to call and examine his work.

By late improvements, he is able to do work in a style not surpassed, if equalled by any one.

Advertisement was recorded on August 28, 1841.

1841 September 9.  Daily Cleveland Herald.  (Cleveland, Ohio.)  September 9, 1841, Vol. VI, No. 400, P. 3.

A Second Self.—We spent a few moments in the room of Mr. Garlic this morning, just long enough to see a gentlemanly bachelor of our acquaintance set his blessed phiz in ‘a picture of silver;’ the operation took two minutes and a half, and Mr. G. handed him a miniature, perfect in all respects, drawn by the Daguerreotype art true to nature.  All bachelors, at least, should visit Mr. G., and those not entirely deprive posterity of a little image of their noble selves.  His room, No. 18 Franklin Building, where numerous specimens of his skill may be seen.

Theodatus Garlick is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry and Ohio Photographers 1839-1900 as being active in Cleveland, Ohio from 1839-1841. Also recorded in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artist’s in America 1584-1860. As a Sculptor and wax portraitist.  Garlick is a work in progress and only a cursory search has been done of the Cleveland newspapers.

Fabreguettes & Morra

1850                73 William Street, Up Stairs, New York, New York.

Fabreguettes & Morra (Eugene Fabreguettes & Morra) was recorded in one advertisement that ran from July 3 to September 3, 1850 in The Evening Post (New York, New York. French Fancy Articles.  E. Fabreguettes Fils & Morra, 73 William Street (Up Stairs.)  Would call the particular attention of buyers of Fancy Goods at wholesale, to their large and well selected stock; in it may be found a complete assortment of Purses, Suspenders, Guard Chains, Percussion Caps, Tooth Brushes, Bags, Studs, Brooches, Finger Rings, Agate Buttons, Twist and Dressing Combs, Game Bags, Power and Liquor Flasks, Daguerreotype Plates, Steel Beads, Tassels, Buckles and Slides, Oiled Silks, Fans, Gold Scales and Accordions, of their own superior quality and make, each one of which is guaranteed to purchasers in perfect tone and finish.  Also constantly on hand, Paris Calf Skins of all the manufacturers, in entire cases only. 

Orders solicited for any description of Paris fancy goods and executed by their house in Paris, Rue Faubourg, St. Denis 23.

Fabreguettes & Morra are not recorded in other photographic directories.

Charles Christofle

1851                481 Broadway, New York, New York.

Charles Christofle was recorded in two advertisements in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  The first advertisement appeared on October 2, 1851.  Electroplated Ware From Chas. Christofle & Co.’s manufacturers.—Sole Agency, 481 Broadway.—Large assortment of all articles which belong to the table service, such as dishes, tea sets, candlesticks, and forks and spoons; these, in particular, are warranted for four or five years, in every day use.  All the goods of that manufactures bear, as guarantee, the mark c. c. a scale, and the name Christofle in full.  Daguerreotype plates.

The second advertisement ran from October 20 to 30, 1851.  Electroplated Ware From Chas. Christofle & Co.’s manufacturers.—Sole Agency, 481 Broadway.—Large assortment of all articles which belong to the table service, such as dishes, tea sets, candlesticks, and forks and spoons; these, in particular, are warranted for four or five years, in every day use.  All the goods of that manufactures bear, as guarantee, the mark c. c. a scale, and the name Christofle in full.  Daguerreotype plates.

Charles Christofle is not recorded in the 1850/1851; 1851/1852; or the 1852/1853 New York City Directories.  Christofle was a French gold and silversmith, daguerreotype plate manufacturer and electroplater.  At this time it is unknown who the agent was in New York.

Louis L. Bishop

1845                285 Broadway, New York, New York.

1847                12 Maiden-Lane, Up Stirs, New York, New York.

1850                23 Maiden Lane, New York, New York.

Louis L. Bishop was recorded in eight advertisements, seven in The New York Herald, one in the New York Tribune and on one title page.  The first advertisement in The New York Herald ran from July 25 to 27, 1845.  Ruins Of The Burnt District.  The Daguerreotype View of these Ruins, taken from Exchange Place, opposite the spot where stood Crocker & Warren’s store, may be seen at Louis L. Bishop’s, Daguerrian Artist, No. 285 Broadway.

The view, embracing all the ruins in Broad street, New street and Broadway, in their actual state, and such as it will soon be impossible to obtain, forms a picture most interesting to preserve in commemoration of the sad calamity of the 19th inst.  It will be disposed of at a reasonable price.

Apply as above, at Louis L. Bishop’s Daguerreotype Rooms, 285 Broadway.

The title page illustration for The Gipsey in the North published in 1846 is a portrait of Miss Julia L. Northall engraved by Francis D’Avignon, Lithograph by G. & W. Endicott, after a daguerreotype by Louis L. Bishop.   

Advertisement ran from March 18 to April 2, 1847 in Herald.  Daguerreotype Plates.  Just Received per ship Burgundy—

3000 Daguerreotype Plates, full size.

6000 do                       do      Medium size.

From the best French manufacturers.  For sale at the lowest prices, by Louis L. Bishop, importer, 12 Maiden Lane, up stairs.                                                                                                         

The third advertisement ran from June 1 to 14, 1847 in the New York Daily Tribune.  (New York, New York).  Daguerreotype Plates.—The best and cheapest Daguerreotype Plates for sale at Louis L. Bishop’s 12 Maiden-lane, up stairs.

The fourth advertisement ran from June 18 to 20, 1847 in The Herald.  Daguerreotype Plates—Louis L. Bishop, No. 12 Maiden-lane, begs leave to inform all persons in want of Daguerreotype Plates, that he has now a full stock on hand, and is ready to sell them at the reduced price which he has lately announced to his regular customers.  Orders to be directed to Louis L. Bishop, No. 12 Maiden-lane, N. Y.                                                         

The fifth advertisement appeared on March 24, 1850 in the Herald.  To Daguerrian Artists—Louis L. Bishop’s Daguerreotype Plates, warranted to give to portraits a richer tone than any other plates, are for sale at Victor Bishop’s, Importer, 23 maiden Lane, N. Y.

The sixth advertisement ran from April 23 to 30, 1850 in the Herald.  Important to Daguerrean Artists.

To Mr. Victor Bishop, No. 23 Maiden lane, N. Y.

Dear Sir—We cheerfully testify that we have used for some time Louis L. Bishop’s plates, and that they are decidedly superior to all others, either imported or manufactured here.  Beckers & Piard, 201 Broadway.

Those plates are marked in full with the name of Louis L. Bishop, and are for sale only at Victor Bishop’s, No. 23 Maiden Lane.

The seventh advertisement ran from May 3 to June 1, 1850 in the Herald.  Daguerreotype Plates—Lewis L. Bishop’s Plates, acknowledged superior to all others, for sale by Victor Bishop, 23 Maiden lane.

The Eighth advertisement ran from September 17 to 24, 1850 also in the Herald.  Daguerreotype Plates—Great Reduction in price.  We are now enabled to sell Louis L. Bishop’s plates, at $30 per hundred, full size.  They are warranted superior to any other, and sold with the privilege of returning those that would not give entire satisfaction.  Victor Bishop, 23 Maiden lane, up stairs.

Louis L. Bishop is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Register as being active from 1845-1848.

Fletcher Westray

1850                71 front Street, New York, New York.

Fletcher Westray was recorded in the 1850 New York City Directory, residence listing as a  Commission Merchant, 71 Front, H-24 E. 18th and two advertisement.  The first ran on September 26 & 28, 1850 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  Daguerreotype Plates.—Seven cases Photographic Plates silvered by this electro-chemical process, the great superiority of which can be testified to by eminent Daguerreotypist, just received and for sale by Fletcher Westray, 71 Front-st.

The second ran in the New York Herald (New York, New York) on September 26, 1850. 

Daguerreotype Plates.—Seven cases Photographic Plates, silvered by the electro-chemical process, the great superiority of which can be testified to by eminent daguerreotypists, just received and for sale by Fletcher Westray, 71 Front street.

Fletcher Westray is not recorded in other photographic directories.

Benjamin C. Townsend

1843                42 Beaver Street, New York, New York.

Benjamin C. Townsend of the partnership of Welton & Townsend Joseph C. Welton & Benjamin C. Townsend)[1] were recorded in one advertisement that ran from April 20 to 26, 1843 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  Daguerreotype Plates.  “Scovills” first quality plates, pronounced by the first operators in this country, to be superior to any imported plates, for sale by their agents, Welton & Townsend, 42 Beaver street. 

Benjamin C. Townsend is not recorded in other photographic directories.  According to the 1842/1843 New York City directory their occupation was buttons at 42 Beaver Street, the following directory 1843/1844 their occupation was still listed as buttons but they had moved to 5 William. 


[1] 1842/1843 & 1843/1844 New York City Directory.

William H. Smith

1845-1846       4 Maiden Lane, New York, New York.[1]

1847                4 Maiden Lane, New York, New York.

William H. Smith is recorded in four advertisements in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  The first advertisement appeared on January 29, 1847.  Daguerreotype Plates.—Small quarter and large sizes, No. 40 and 60.  For sale by Wm. H. Smith & Co.  No. 4 Maiden Lane.  

The second advertisement ran from May 20 to 27, 1847.  Daguerreotype Plates—Just received, a large assortment of Daguerreotype plates, full, quarter and small size; for sale by Wm. H. Smith & Co., 4 Maiden lane.                         

The third advertisement appeared on April 6, 1847.  Daguerreotype Plates.  Just Received—Just received, a large assortment of Daguerreotype plates, small, quarter, half and full size.                   

For sale by Wm. H. Smith & Co., 4 Maiden Lane                                                    

The fourth advertisement ran from April 27 to 29, 1847.  Daguerreotype Plates.—Wm. H. Smith & Co., No. 4 Maiden Lane, have now on hand Daguerreotype plates of the best quality, from the most celebrated makers at Paris, which they offer as follows:—

3000 Full Size, No. 40, at………..$10.00 per dozen

3000 half    “      “    40, at………..$5.00     “       “

6000 quarter       “    40, at………..$2.55     “       “

18,500 medium   “   40, at…………$1.60     “       “

Terms—Six months for bills over $100.  Cash discount of 5 per cent from all sums less than that amount.                                                                                                                         

Advertisement

W. H. Smith is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in 1845-1846.


[1] Information from Craig’s Daguerreian Registry

Obadiah Rich

1840                Court Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts.[1]

Obadiah Rich was recorded in one advertisement that ran from April 14 to May 4, 1840 in the  Boston Daily Evening Transcript (Boston, Massachusetts).  Daguerreotype Plates made and for sale by O. Rich, Court Avenue.

The following information is from the Encyclopedia of American Silver Manufacturers, fourth edition.  Obadiah Rich was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts in 1809 and died in 1888.  He worked as a silversmith in Boston first under the apprenticeship of Moses Morse.  In 1830 he went into business for himself; 1832-1835 in partnership with Samuel L. Ward; 1835-1850 in association with Jones, Low, and Ball.  “Was an outstanding craftsman who produced a number of exceptionally high quality presentation pieces during his career.”  His hallmark appears to have been an oval with concave sides, O Rich at the top, Boston on the bottom, and in the center a dragon.

Obadiah Rich is recorded in other photographic directories the information from Encyclopedia of American Silver Manufacturers, fourth edition may possibly help identify any plates in existence.

[1] A Directory Of Massachusetts Photographers 1839-1900.

Legal & Bouland

1850                86 William Street, New York, New York.

Legal & Bouland (Eugene Legal & Fred B. Bouland) were recorded in one advertisement that ran on September 19 & 20, 1850 in the New York Herald (New York, New York).  Daguerreotype Plates.—For sale Cheap, A small consignment of Daguerreotype Plates.Legal & Bouland, 86 William street, up stairs.

Legal & Bouland are not listed in other photographic directories.  Both Eugene Legal and Fred B. Bouland are listed in the 1850 New York City resident directory as Importers, 86 William Street.

F. C. Lawrence

1851                12 Wall Street, New York, New York.                                                                        1851                8 Wall Street, New York, New York.

F. C. Lawrence was recorded in three advertisements. The first Advertisement ran from January 21 to 29, 1851 in The New York Herald (New York, New York). Daguerreotype Plates At auction.  F. C. Lawrence & Co., No. 12 Wall street, will sell, on Thursday, 30th inst., at four o’clock P. M., precisely, a large lot of very fine French Daguerreotype Plates, to close a consignment.  The will be sold in lots of one hundred plates.  Terms, under $250, cash; above that amount four months approved endorsed paper.  catalogues now ready.  Goods may be examined two days before the sale.

The second advertisement appeared on January 30, 1851 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  Attention Daguerreotypist!—Great Auction Sale of several 1,000 Star Plates, No. 40.  Also, valuable Carved Wood Daguerreotype Frames to fit up a gallery, and a large lot of French Passepartouts, by F. C. Lawrence & Co. 8 Wall-st., this day.  The goods are ready for examination.  Such an opportunity rarely occurs.

The third advertisement appeared on January 30, 1851 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  Attention Daguerreotypist.—Great Auction Sale of several 1,000 Star Plates No. 40.  Also valuable Carved Wood Daguerreotype Frames to fit up a Gallery, and a large lot of French Passepartouts, by F. C. Lawrence & Co. 8 Wall-st.  This Day.  The goods are ready for examination.  Such an opportunity rarely occurs.

F. C. Lawrence is not listed in other photographic directories. He is also not listed in the 1850-1851 or 1851-1852 New York City directory.