Category Archives: Ambrotypes

R. Bailey

1856-1857       Address Unknown, Lansing, Michigan.

R. Bailey was recorded in one announcement that appeared on May 7, 1857 in the Michigan State Journal (Lansing, Michigan).  Now is the Time to get Good Ambrotype Likenesses.  The Undersigned Would Respectfully inform the Citizens of Lansing and vicinity that he is now prepared to take good Ambrotype Portraits, in the latest and most approved style and finish.  Those wishing Good Pictures would do well to call at the stand formerly occupied by D. H. Donovan.

Pictures copied from Daguerreotypes, and warranted as good or better than the original.  R. Bailey.   Lansing, Dec. 1st., 1856.

R. Bailey is not list in other photographic directories. It is unknown if D. H. Donovan is a a photographer, but a D. H. Donovan is recorded in David V. Tinder’s online Directory of Early Michigan Photographers as being active in 1859 as a Detroit daguerrean artist for Grelling & Company

J. E. Armstrong

1854                Rooms over Brooke & Houghton Store, Plymouth, Indiana.

1854                Address Unknown, Plymouth, Indiana.                    

1855-1856       Rooms at his residence, North of Edwards’ Hotel, Plymouth, Indiana.

J. E. Armstrong was recorded in five advertisements, eight announcements, and mentioned in one advertisement and one announcement.  The first advertisement ran in the Plymouth Banner  (Plymouth, Indiana) from April 27 to October 5, 1854.  Daguerreotypes.  The subscriber wishes to inform the inhabitants of Plymouth and surrounding country that he has taken Rooms over Brooke & Houghton’s store, where he is now ready to take Daguerrean Likenesses in a good and approved style, and engages to do that which will be satisfactory to those who wish to obtain so important a relic of their friends or themselves.  J. E. Armstrong.   

The first announcement appeared in the Plymouth Banner (Plymouth, Indiana) on April 27, 1854.  Daguerrean Rooms.—Our readers will certainly be gratified to learn that we have permanently located amongst us an excellent operator in this beautiful act.  Mr. Armstrong, as will be seen by his advertisement, is now ready to accommodate those who may call upon him in the rooms formerly occupied by the Western Bank, up stairs in the old Plymouth Hotel.  Give him a call.

The second announcement appeared in the Plymouth Banner (Plymouth, Indiana) on August 3, 1854.  A Register of the temperature as kept at the Daguerrean Rooms of J. E. Armstrong in this place, for the present month, to the 30th.

at 1 o’clock p. m.        at 5 o’clk. p. m.

July 24            86.                               87.

        25            83.                               84.

        26            76.                               75.

        27            76.                               77.

        28            79.                               80.

        29            88.                               91.

        30            90.                               95.                  

The third announcement appeared in the Plymouth Banner (Plymouth, Indiana) on August 10, 1854.  A Register of the temperature as kept at the Daguerrean Rooms of J. E. Armstrong in this place, for the present month, to the 5th.

at 1 o’clock p. m.        at 5 o’clk. p. m.

July 31            94.                               96.

Aug. 1             94.                               96.

         2             81.                               81.

         3             76.                               79.

         4             79.                               76.

         5             80.                               81.

The fourth announcement appeared in the Plymouth Banner (Plymouth, Indiana) on August 17, 1854.  A Register of the temperature as kept at the Daguerrean Rooms of J. E. Armstrong in this place, for the present month, to the 13th.

at 1 o’clock p. m.        at 5 o’clk. p. m.

Aug. 7             72.                               72.

         8             75.                               73.

         9             70.                               70.

        10            75.                               79.

        11            79.                               80.

        12            76.                               79.

        13            80.                               79.      

The fifth announcement appeared in the Plymouth Banner (Plymouth, Indiana) on August 24, 1854.  A Register of the temperature as kept at the Daguerrean Rooms of J. E. Armstrong in this place, for the present month, to the 20th.

at 1 o’clock p. m.        at 5 o’clk. p. m.

Aug. 14           81.                               82.

         15           76.                               76.

         16           77.                               75.

         17           76.                               76.

         18           78.                               78.

         19           82.                               83.

         20           83.                               85.      

The sixth announcement appeared in the Plymouth Banner (Plymouth, Indiana) on August 24, 1854.  Removal.—The Daguerrean Rooms of Mr. Armstrong are removed to his residence in Edwards’ new building on Michigan street.  His operation heretofore seem to have given general satisfaction, and our citizens should extend him their patronage.                  

The second advertisement ran from August 24, 1854 to February 15, 1855 in the Plymouth Advertiser (Plymouth, Indiana).  Removal The undersigned having removed his place of operating 80 rods north on the same street, still invites the citizens and country people to call while the opportunity is in their reach, and no pains will be spared to obtain good likenesses.  He promises to give satisfaction to all reasonable expectations.  J. E. Armstrong.    

The seventh announcement appeared in the Plymouth Banner (Plymouth, Indiana) on September 7, 1854.  A Register of the temperature as kept at the Daguerrean Rooms of J. E. Armstrong in this place, for the present month, to the 3d.

at 1 o’clock p. m.        at 5 o’clk. p. m.

Aug. 21           88.                               88.

         22           89.                               89.

         23           92.                               93.

         24           93.                               95.

         25           86.                               88.

         26           87.                               86.

         27           84.                               86.

         28           85.                               85.

         29           92.                               93.                              

         30           95.                               94.

         31           93                                94.

Sept.  1            93.                               94.

          2            94.                               92.

          3            93.                               92.      

The third advertisement ran from January 18 to April 26, 1855 in the Plymouth Banner  (Plymouth, Indiana).  New Attraction.  The subscriber having got his new and large Sky-light ready for operating, notifies the public generally, that he is ready to take likenesses in good style.  J. E. Armstrong.

The fourth advertisement ran from August 9, 1855 to April 24, 1856 in the Plymouth Weekly Banner (Plymouth, Indiana).  J. E. Armstrong, attends to all calls in his line of Daguerreotyping, at his residence north of Edwards’ Hotel.

The announcement that J. E. Armstrong was mentioned in appeared in the Marshall County Democrat  (Plymouth, Indiana) on March 13, 1856.  In another column will be found the advertisement of W. H. Rhodes & Co., Ambrotype Artists.  We have seen specimen pictures taken by this mode, and think they are superior to the Daguerreotype.—Give them a call.  Rooms at J. E. Armstrong’s Daguerrean Gallery.

The advertisement he was mentioned in appeared in the Marshall County Democrat (Plymouth, Indiana) on March 13, 1856.  Ambrotype Likenesses!  The attention of the public is called to the fact that W. H. Rhodes is now occupying the rooms of J. E. Armstrong, in this village, where he is taking Ambrotype Likenesses!

The pictures taken by this method are far superior to the Daguerreotype, in life-like appearance—are on glass, and are perfectly durable.  Full satisfaction guaranteed to all who may favor him with their custom.

Those wanting likenesses will please call immediately, as the Rooms will positively be closed in thirty days, Mr. Armstrong having discontinued the business here.          W. H. Rhodes & Co.                          

The eighth announcement appeared in the Marshall County Democrat (Plymouth, Indiana) on October 16, 1856.  Any person wishing an Ambrotype, Daguerreotype, or Ambrograph, could not do better than to call at the Armstrong Daguerrean Rooms, where they can be accommodated.

The fifth 1856 advertisement ran from November 27 to December 18, 1856 in the Marshall County Democrat (Plymouth, Indiana).  Ambrotypes.  Those having Ambrotypes, taken by W. H. Rhodes & Co., that have failed to be what they were represented, can have them taken again, free of charge, by calling at the Daguerrean Rooms of John E. Armstrong, from the 1st to the 7th of December.  J. E. Armstrong.

J. E. Armstrong (and W. H. Rhodes) is not recorded in other photographic directories

Jonathan Allen

1856-1859       Main Street, Foot of Canal Street, Webster’s Building, Fort Plain, New York.

1857                Main Street, Canajoharie, New York.

1859                Address Unknown, Minden, New York[1]

Jonathan Allen was recorded in eight advertisements in the Mohawk Valley Register (Fort Plain, New York).  The first advertisement ran from March 6, 1856 to January 29, 1857.  Attention The Lost Found—the Secret Out!  “There is nothing hidden but that shall be revealed.  J. Allen would announce to the public that he is now prepared to take Daguerreotypes, Ambrotypes & Chromotypes.  The latter being a new style of Picture just brought to perfection.  They are taken on glass and no colored as to resemble oil paintings on ivory.  They will not fade, corrode at sea or change in any climate, are beautiful in tone, bold and clear in effect, and can be seen in any light as can also the Ambrotypes which he now takes in the latest improved style.  The public are invited to call at his rooms and examine specimens and judge for themselves.

Rooms foot of Canal street, in Webster’s Building.

The second advertisement ran from January 1, 1857 to April 8, 1858.  Fort Plain Business Cards.  J. Allen, Ambrotypist, and manufacturer of Guilt Frames, Main, Foot of Canal St.

The third advertisement ran from January 29 to April 23, 1857.  The Shadow. The Shadow. The Shadow. The Shadow. The Shadow. The Shadow.  Allen’s Pictures.  Allen’s Pictures. Allen’s Pictures.  Allen’s Pictures.  Allen’s Pictures.  Allen’s Pictures.  Allen’s Pictures.  Premium  Premium  Premium  Premium  Premium  Premium   Premium  Premium  Premium  Premium

At the last Montgomery County Fair, held at Canajoharie in September 1856, the Committee on Ambrotypes awarded to J. Allen The first Premium for his pictures—being superior in tone and life-like expression to all others on exhibition; and all those who have had pictures of him coined with the verdict of the Awarding Committee.

Mr. Allen, (in connection with H. Wendell of Amsterdam) has secured the Exclusive Right of Mont. County, Patent Patent Patent Patent for the manufacture of Cutting’s Patent Ambrotypes, which patent consists in the method of securing them from the action of the atmosphere, and rendering them durable by sealing the picture between two plate glass with a substance which soon hardens and becomes impervious to air, dust and water.

Beware Of Worthless Imitations!      

Beware Of Worthless Imitations!      

Beware Of Worthless Imitations!

Beware Of Worthless Imitations!

All Ambrotypes taken by any other method than Cutting’s patent are worthless imitations.  Some unskilled artists endeavor to evade the patent by palming the public pictures taken upon single glass and coating it with varnish which has a bad effect upon the chemicals and cause the picture to lose its luster in a short time.

Remember, Remember, Remember That the patent Premium Ambrotype may be had only of Allen, who has the exclusive right of the western portion of the County of Montgomery.

Pictures taken by Cutting’s Patent process possess the rare quality of imperishability—remaining unchanged for ages.  These pictures are pronounced to be the Greatest Improvement we have received in the Photographic Art since the days of Daguerre, having a clearness and relief that is truly astonishing.

Mr. Allen’s facilities for giving the public pictures of any size, are not surpassed in this section.  His stock of Cases and Frames comprise all the varieties—plain and fancy—to be found in market.

Our friends from the country, in visiting the village, are respectfully invited to give us a neighborly call in order to Examine our Specimens.  Examine our Specimens.  Examine our Specimens.  Memento.  Memento.  Memento.  Memento.  Memento.  Memento.  Memento.  Memento  We guarantee that no one, unless so desolate and discarded that he has not a solitary friend on earth, will be willing to depart without taking another self with him as a memento to present to some cherished one.

A first class likeness will be admired and treasured up long after almost every other kind of present is destroyed or forgotten—in fact growing more and more precious as each succeeding year rolls around, and with each anniversary recalling to memory the exact features of those we love.

Gilt Frames, Gilt Frames, Gilt Frames. 

A large stock of Gilt Mouldings, of various styles will constantly be kept on hand, and Frames of any size made to order, on short notice, and for reasonable prices.

Allen’s Rooms may be found in Webster’s Building, on Main St., foot of Canal St., Fort Plain, and on Main St., at the sign of the Red, White and Blue,” Canajoharie.

The fourth advertisement ran from May 9 to November 5, 1857.  1857.  Look Ye Here All Lovers Of Fine Pictures!  Seven different towns, fair cities of the earth, Strive for the fame of mighty Homer’s birth; But none the hard contested claim can prove; Two native place of Homer is above!  Before thy friends do vanish from thy sight, and go where Homer is, in realms of light, Secure their picture, as a treasure-prize, With budding lips and bright life-like eyes. 

Allen’s Premium Pictures Melainotypes and Ambrotypes!!  J. Allen would inform his patrons and the public generally that being determined to keep up with “Young America,” and not to be outdone, even in the large cities, he has secured the right, and is now prepared to make another New Style Of Picture, called Melainotype, which is a most beautiful specimen of the sun’s penciling.

The more delicate lineaments of the image are portrayed with a faithfulness surpassing that of the most brilliant Daguerreotype; the glowing tints of nature are blended in sublime harmony; all is here presented with the warmest penciling of Nature.  She has proven herself the Model Artist and gathered charm from all of her own creation, blending, by a single effort, in bold relief.

Beauties that no hand can equal portraying each feature with such exactness, as to seemingly create substance from shadow.  No true lover of nature will contemplate these specimens without feeling a lively admiration of the warm-toned and brilliant life-like effect they produced.  A continued look upon the wonders of art will fill the beholder with sublime enthusiasm, and bring the thought to his mind, “can Nature create such perfect self, and refuse a soul to feel and a tongue to speak?”

The subscriber has constantly on hand a Full assortment of Cases both Plain and Fancy, and all styles of Gilt Frames, all of which will be sold at reasonable prices, and filled with superior Melainotypes or Ambrotypes.

Gilt Frames.  A good assortment of moldings both Gilt and Plain constantly on hand, so that frames of all sizes and styles can be had on short notice.

Also a fine assortment of Lithographs & Steel Plates For Grecian Oil Painting. 

All Work Warranted.

Rooms open from 8 o’clock, A. M., to 6, P. M., and may be found in Webster’s Building, on Main St., foot of Canal St., Fort Plain.  J. Allen.  Fort Plain, May 1, 1857.

The fifth advertisement ran from November 12, 1857 to March 11, 1858.  A P P G stands For Allen’s Premium Picture Gallery.  Owing to the high price of money, J. Allen has reduced the price for Pictures and invites the attention of the public anew to his unequalled facilities for taking Pictures in the most tasty, artistical and complete style of the Photographic art.—His reception and dressing rooms will always be found Comfortable and Pleasant in all kinds of weather; his operating room is spacious and furnished with superior Sky and Side Lights, and all the requisite materials for that department; and his chemical room contains the choicest Foreign and American Chemicals, Glass, &c.

The patented Ambrotypes are considered the best picture extant.  They will last for ages unchanged, and possess the rare quality of imperishability. Being taken on plate glass, which is placed on a corresponding glass, the two being hermetically sealed together with an indestructible cement, which soon hardens and the two glasses become in effect one, with the picture in the center, as durable as glass itself.  The patent Ambrotype is particularly adapted to any kind of face and complexion, and has a clearness and relief that is truly astonishing.

Those desiring Perfect and Lasting Likenesses of themselves or friends, would do well to call and avail themselves of An Experienced Artist with a laboratory of pure chemicals, piles of superior stock, good lights, and best invented instruments. 

His rooms will be open at all business hours of the day.

Copies of Paintings, Portraits, Miniatures &c., executed in an unrivalled manner.

He has constantly on hand a Full assortment of Cases, both Plain and Fancy, and all styles of Gilt Frames, all of which will be sold at reasonable prices, and filled with superior Melainotypes or Ambrotypes.

Gilt Frames.  A good assortment of moldings both Gilt and Plain constantly on hand, so that frames of all sizes and styles can be had on short notice.

Also a fine assortment of Lithographs & Steel Plates For Grecian Oil Painting. 

All Work Warranted. 

His Rooms may be found in Webster’s Building, on Main St., foot of Canal St., Fort Plain. J. Allen.  Fort Plain, November 1, 1857.

The sixth advertisement ran from April 15, 1858 to April 21, 1859.  Fort Plain Business Cards.  J. Allen, Daguerreian Artists.—Likenesses Of the most approved style taken and warranted to give satisfaction.  Gilt Frames of all styles and sizes made to order.  Rooms in the Webster Building, Main-St.

The advertisement ran from August 19 to November 11, 1858.  New Attractions At J. Allen’s Picture Gallery.  The subscriber has recently procured the necessary Apparatus and Chemicals for taking Superior Photographs, which are without doubt the best pictures made.  Being taken on paper they bear a great resemblance to steel engravings, as they are deep-toned, clear and bold and can be view in any light, unlike pictures of other descriptions.  They are Warranted not to fade or change!  In other places where they have been introduced the changes for making this style of picture have been more than for Ambrotypes, but in order to introduce them the subscriber will furnish them at the same Prices As For Ambrotypes, of the same size, and should a person want a number of duplicates he will furnish them At A Much Lower Figure.  But one setting is required for any number of pictures that may be desired.

A cordial invitation is extended to all to call at his office and examine specimens.

Superior Ambrotypes are still taken, at prices varying from 60 cts. to $8.

A long experience in this business renders him capable of giving good satisfaction.

Ambrotypes put in Rings, Lockets, &c., and warranted.

Pictures taken of Invalids and Deceased Persons at their residence, on short notice.

Gilt, Rosewood, & Plain Frames of all sizes and styles, and fitted out with Glass, Cord and Tassels, manufactured on short notice, Lithographs and Steel Plate Engravings in great variety, for ornament or for Grecian Oil Painting constantly on hand, and for sale at reasonable prices.

Caution.—If you would secure Pictures the most durable and perfect, you should avoid patronizing persons of little experience, and Rooms where economy in space and light is certain to render the picture blunt in shade and harsh in tone.—Mr. Allen’s Rooms are ample, his light so arranged as to blend the picture in the most harmonious manner, and his long experience a sure guaranty of artistic excellence.        

Satisfaction Given In All Cases.  Call and examine the numerous specimens at his Rooms. J. Allen.  Fort Plain, August 19, 1858.

The eighth advertisement ran from June 23 to December 29, 1859.  Fort Plain Business Cards.  J. Allen, Photograph & Ambrotype Rooms, in the Webster Building, over Lipe’s Crockery Store.

Gilt and Rosewood Picture Frames of all sizes and styles manufactured to order.

Jonathan Allen is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in Fort Plain and Minden, New York in 1859 without business addresses.


[1] Craig’s Daguerreian Registry.

John L. Alcooke

1857-1858       483 Broadway, New York, New York.

John L. Alcooke of the firm Grant & Alcooke (A. G. Grant & John L. Alcooke) were recorded in in an advertisement the New York City Directory and twelve advertisements in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  The advertisement appeared in the 1857-1858 New York City Directory.  Grant & Alcooke’s Improved Skylight Gallery, Photographic and Ambrotype Emporium, On the First Floor, No. 483 Broadway, Adjoining Wallack’s Theatre, New York.

Colored or Plain, Single Or Double, Dense Or Transparent, done instantaneously, and without fail.  Daguerreotypes Renovated and Copied in every style, at the shortest possible notice, and at a moderate price.

The first advertisement appeared on May 7, 1857.  Grant & Alcooke’s First Class Ambrotypes and photographs, 483 Broadway, next door to Wallack’s theatre, first floor.

The second appeared on May 8, 1857.  Grant & Alcooke’s Improved Light, First floor, 483 Broadway.—Photographs colored or plain vitae portraits and ambrotypes, stereoscopic, [transparent] or plain.

The third advertisement ran on May 21 & 22, 1857.  Unequalled are the Ambrotypes and Photographs taken at Grant & Alcooke’s improved light, first floor, 483 Broadway, adjoining Wallack’s theatre.

The fourth appeared on September 9, 1857.  Ambrotypes, Photographs and Vitae Portraits at Grant & Alcooke’s, first floor, 483 Broadway, are all the rage.

The fifth appeared on December 2, 1857.  Ambrotypes and Photographs, Cheap and perfect, taken at Grant & Alcooke’s, 483 Broadway, adjoining Wallack’s theatre.

The sixth appeared on January 3 ,1858.  Ambrotypes, Pielleographs, sic. Melainotypes, photographs and oil portraits, taken at Grant & Alcooke’s gallery, 483 Broadway, every day, until their departure for Europe.

The seventh appeared on January 6, 1858.  Ambrotypes, Heillographs, sic. Photographs and oil portraits, taken at Grant & Alcooke’s gallery, 483 Broadway, daily until their departure for Europe.

The eighth appeared on January 7, 1858.  Ambrotypes, Niellographs, Photographs and oil portraits, taken at Grant & Alcooke’s, 483 Broadway, daily, until their departure for Europe.

The ninth appeared on February 19, 1858.  To Photographic Artists.—For Sale, after March 1st., Grant & Alcooke’s improved Gallery, first floor, 483 Broadway.

The tenth appeared on March 5, 1858.  To Photographers.—For Sale, the Beautiful gallery 483 Broadway, now doing a large business, as Messrs. Grant & Alcooke’s are about leaving for Europe.

The eleventh appeared on April 15, 1858.  Grant & Alcooke’s Ambrotypes and Photographs, Niellographs, to send in letters.  First floor, 483 Broadway.

The twelfth appeared on April 26, 1858.  Niellographs, Niellographs, Niellographs.  Ambrotypes and Photographs by Grant & Alcooke, 483 Broadway.  Last week in America.

John L. Alcooke is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry without a business address.

Robert W. Addis

1851 Corner of Centre Square and North Queen Street, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.[1]

1853                Corner Light and Baltimore Streets, Baltimore, Maryland.[2]

1855                187 Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland.[3]

1855-1857       Gallery Next Door West of the City Hotel, Frederick, Maryland.

1858-1859       20½ East King Street, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.1

Robert W. Addis was recorded in six advertisements in the Maryland Union (Frederick, Maryland). The first advertisement appeared on December 27, 1855. Ambrotypes, Photographs, Daguerreotypes, And Every Style Of Picture Known Can Now Be Had At Addis’ Sky-Light Gallery Next Door West Of The City Hotel.

Having completed my instructions at the Gallery of the most Celebrated Photographist and Ambrotypist in the United States, I am prepared top offer to the public every style of pictures known, at greatly reduced rates.

Ambrotypes, or Imperishable Pictures!  This beautiful style of Picture is taken on fine French Plate Glass, and warranted never to fade in any climate.  The advantages over the Daguerreotypes consist in their being unreversed, more brilliant and clear in tone and effects, and can be distinctly seen in any light, or in any position.  A call is only necessary to convince all.

Photographs.  Are taken on Paper, (especially prepared for the purposes,) and cannot be distinguished from a fine steel plate engraving, the likeness being as perfectas a Daguerreotype.  The great improvements in this branch of sun Drawing, by the most celebrated Chemists of this country and Europe, place it far in advance of all other styles.  Another advantage is, that the Picture being a part of the paper, can only be erased by destroying the paper.  These can be supplied by single impressions, or hundreds at an extraordinary low price.  Of Photographs, I have two processes:  Collodion for Portraits, and Albumen for Views, Buildings, Landscapes, Farms, with all buildings attached, &c.  A variety of specimens at the Gallery.

Persons, wishing copies of Buildings, will please remember this, as they are far superior to Daguerreotypes, they being unreversed and beautiful ornaments for a parlor. Great reduction in price of Gold Lockets, Gilt Frames and fancy cases, all of which I have the largest assortment in this city; and all who wish to make a Beautiful and Appropriate Christmas Present, in the way of Lockets, Pearl Cases, Oval and square Ebony, Velvet, or Papier Mache, would do well to call at the City Gallery, where they can be supplied, 50 per ct. cheaper, with Ambrotypes or better Daguerreotypes than at any Gallery in this city.  I am determined to sell my Fancy Stock, cheaper than the cheapest Galleries.

The Daguerrean Apartment will be under the immediate control of D. T. Coweel, [sic.] Esq., late principal Operator at Whitehurst’s Gallery, Baltimore, whose services I have secured and whose reputation as an artist is unsurpassed in the country, as those, who had Pictures taken during my absence, will corroborate.

N. B.—Persons wishing to learn Ambrotyping and Photographing, will do well to call on me as I warrant full instructions for less money than I paid, and of my work they can judge for themselves; facilities for acquiring a perfect knowledge of the business, and can be supplied with material at the cost price without going to the larger cities.  Frederick, Dec. 22, 1855.  R. W. Addis.

The second advertisement ran from August 21 to December 25, 1856. Remember That next door West of the City Hotel, is Addis’ Northern Sky-Light Gallery, Where Ambrotypes, Daguerreotypes, and Photographs, are taken in the highest perfection of the Art.  Especial attention is called to Ambrotypes, his new and popular process is fast superceding the old style Daguerreotypes, not in their being more durable but for beauty of pictures, they can be seen in any light no matter what position in which they are held, thus doing away with that unpleasant glare which all Daguerreotypes must have and rendering the surface soft and pleasing. When family groups are required in frames, this process is indispensable, for the Likeness can be distinctly seen across a room as accurately as though ’twas in the hand—and for persons who wish pictures to last—one that in fifty years hence will bring vividly to mind a perfect likeness of departed friends or relatives.  This process stands unequalled, and in range of every one in any circumstances in point of price.  In corroboration of this, you have only to call and examine specimens.

Paper Pictures Or Photographs.  These beautiful and also indispensable pictures, are a fac simile of steel plate engravings and when a number are required, they are much cheaper than the lowest price Daguerreotype, thus if one person wants 25 copies, a perfect likeness can be made at 50 cts. apiece, the largest size.

Daguerreotypes, In every Style Of The Art. Crayon, Stereoscope, light and dark background.  The Daguerreotype taken [in] this establishment, for the last 18 months rank with the best productions in the country to perfection of likeness, fleshiness of tone, position, artistic and for brilliancy of finish.  Persons who wish copies of old daguerreotypes of departed friends and relatives can have them accurately taken in either of the above styles.  Pictures neatly set in Breastpins, Rings, Lockets, &c., a variety of Fancy Cases, and full assortment of Gold Lockets always on hand and cheap.

Study your own interest and call on Addis over J. Nussbaunt’s confectionary.

P. S.—Persons who wish to learn Daguerreotyping, Ambrotyping or Photographing, and get a perfect knowledge of all chemical apparatus, &c., would do well to call on Addis.   

The third advertisement ran from December 11, 1856 to February 5, 1857.  Christmas Presents.  Remember Addis’ Sky-Light Daguerrean Gallery Next door to the City Hall, Offers the greatest inducement in the way of suitable presents of any establishment in this city.  A large and fresh assortment of Fine Gold Lockets. Made to hold from 1 to 10 Daguerreotypes so that a whole family can be inserted in one locket; lockets purchased at this place are warranted and a large deduction made for the likeness, making the lockets filled with pictures cheaper by 40 per ct. than can be had elsewhere.

Fancy cases of every description both for Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes.  Also a large lot of handsome Gilt Frames fresh from the manufactures, sold very little higher than cases.

Don’t forget if you wish anything in the Daguerreotype, Ambrotype or Photograph way to give Addis’ a call, where satisfaction is warranted at an extraordinary cheap rate. 

The fourth advertisement ran from January 22 to March 12, 1857.  Cheap:  Cheaper:  Cheapest!  75 Cts.!  75 Cts.!  Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, Daguerreotypes & Photographs, At Addis’ Sky-Light Gallery:  (Next door to the City Hotel,) For 75 Cents!

Finely Colored, and put up in large size cases, and finely secured, and warranted as good if not better than any taken in this town for $2.

Ambrotypes & Melainotypes are precisely the same thing, bade by the same process and presenting the same appearance,—the only difference is, that Ambrotypes are made on glass, and Melainotypes on iron, the latter process being preferable for many reasons, It being impossible to break them, also being more sensitive to color, for beauty of which they far surpassnthe Daguerreotype.  They can plainly be seen in any light, can be cut to fit lockets, rings, breastpins, oval cases, or any style whatever.

In thus lowering the prices of my pictures, I merely act as my competitors did, when I first made my residence here, and I am now determined to be as cheap as any Gallery in Frederick, if not cheaper; and make as good Pictures as I ever made for double the price now asked for them; and would respectfully inform the many persons who have called at my room for low-priced Daguerreotypes, and been refused and sent elsewhere, to call again, and in place of Daguerreotypes I will give them Ambrotypes or Melainotypes, furnished in the most careful and durable manner.  For &5 Cents!  A large assortment of Gold Lockets, Gilt Frames, and Fancy Cases, of every style, sold for nearly one half the regular price; in fact, a general reduction of everything.

Notice to Students.  All who wish to learn Ambrotyping, Melainotyping, Daguerreotyping or Photographing, can do so at my rooms for $20, and satisfaction guaranteed. An outfit, including instructions, camera and all materials, furnished for $64, and everything prepared so as to open a room one day after getting instructions.  ja.9.   

The fifth advertisement ran from February 12 to April 9, 1857.  Daguerreotypes, Ambrotypes, Melainotypes and Photographs, at Addis’ unequalled Sky-Light Gallery, for the sum of 75 cents.

The sixth advertisement ran from April 2 to 9, 1857.  Don’t Forget Addis’ Gallery, where you can get a Splendid Melainotype, done up in a fine case, and beautifully colored, for 75 Cents, warranted to give satisfaction.

Robert W. Addis is recorded in other directories but not in Frederick, Maryland.


[1] Craig’s Daguerreian Registry.

[2] Craig’s Daguerreian Registry. Craig used the1853-1854 Baltimore City Directory which was published in 1853, there is no corroborating information that he was still active at that address in 1854.

[3] Directory Of Maryland Photographers 1839-1900.  1855-1856 Baltimore City Directory which was published in 1855, there is no corroborating information that he was still active at that address in 1856.

C. N. Zeigler

1859                Location Unknown, [Ohio.]

C. N. Zeigler was recorded in one announcement in The Cadiz Democratic Sentinel (Cadiz, Ohio) on October 26, 1859.  Report of the Awarding Committees of the Harrison County Agricultural Society, Held at Cadiz on the 5th, 6th and 7th days of October, A. D. 1859…..

Ambrotypes.

1st premium.  C. N. Zeigler……..2.00

2d premium.  Henry C. Davis……1.00

Photographs.

1st premium.  Henry C. Davis……2.00

2d premium.  C. N. Zeigler………1.00

Excelsior Painting, or Painted Photographs

1st Premium.  C. N. Zeigler……….2.00.

C. N. Zeigler is not recorded in other photographic directories.  It is possible that he was active in Cadiz, Ohio, but since this was a county fair he could have been active anywhere in the county or elsewhere. Additional research is needed.

Joseph T. Zealy

1849                Rooms over the Post Office, Camden, South Carolina.

1856                Address unknown, Columbia, South Carolina.

Joseph T. Zealy was recorded in one advertisements and two announcements.  The advertisement and the first announcement appeared in The Camden Journal (Camden, South Carolina). The   advertisement ran from March 21 to 28, 1849.  Daguerreotypes.  Mr. Zealy, lately operating in Columbia, has opened his Daguerreian Gallery in the room over the Post Office, recently occupied by Dr. J. Lee, where he will be happy to exhibit his specimens to those who may favor him with a call, and will be prepared to take likenesses in the most approved style.

Pictures warranted not to fade.                      

The announcement appeared on March 28, 1849.  Mr. Zealy.  We call attention to the advertisement of Mr. Zealy, found in another column, who comes among us with the highest recommendation as an Artist.  In Columbia where he has successfully operated for two or three winters, we know his performances are regarded superior to any who had visited that place before him.  His Daguerreian Gallery certainly presents the finest specimens we have seen.

Mr. Z’s pictures are superior in being durable, and in giving a life-like expression to the face.  The greatest objection to Daguerreotypes is the dull—cold—inanimate appearance of the picture.  Mr. Z. has in a great measure overcome this, and uses new chemical combinations with eminent success.  He is a native of the State, and deserves patronage.  We recommend all who wish their faces taken, to give him a call, at his rooms above the Post Office.

The second announcement appeared in the Yorkville Enquirer (Yorkville, South Carolina) on  November 20, 1856.  The Agricultural fair.  Editorial Correspondence.  Columbia, Wednesday, Nov. 11th …. Fancy Painting, Silver Medal—were assigned to E. Dovilliers, of the Barhamville Institute. Messrs. Kingsmore and Wearn, of Newberry, received the award for photograph portraits in oil; and Mr. Zealy, of Columbia, for best Daguerreotypes, Ambrotypes &c.  The Photographs were very superior pictures, and richly deserved the honorable mention.  Mr. Zealy’s pictures are equal to his reputation as an artist; but I could not refrain from a malediction on our friend Schorb, for allowing the judgment to be pronounced by default.…

Charles V. Young

1859                418 Grand Street, New York, New York.

Charles V. Young was recorded in one advertisement that appeared on March 28, 1859 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  Wanted—A Young Lady Of Pleasing Address to attend Young’s gallery, 418 Grand st.  One who can finish ambrotypes preferred.  Also one at Duffy’s, Thalian Hall, 492 Grand st.

Charles V. Young is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry without a business address, and  James G. Duffy is also recorded.

S. Webster Wyman

1858                Kelley’s Block, opposite the Central House, Woburn, Massachusetts.

1860                Address Unknown, Woburn, Massachusetts.[1]

1865                Address Unknown, Woburn, Massachusetts.[1]

1867                Main Street, Woburn, Massachusetts.[1]

1868                Kelley’s Building, Woburn, Massachusetts.[1]

1869                Address Unknown, Woburn, Massachusetts.[1]

S. Webster Wyman was recorded in two advertisements.  The first advertisement was recorded in the Middlesex Journal (Woburn, Massachusetts) on March 20, 1858.  Wyman’s Ambrotype, Melainotype And Daguerreotype Rooms, Kelly’s Block, Woburn.

Particular attention given to copying pictures.  Woburn, March 5, 1858.

The second advertisement was recorded in theWoburn Budget (Woburn, Massachusetts) on July 2, 1858.  Wyman’s Ambrotype Rooms, Kelley’s Block, opposite the Central House, Woburn.

Call and see specimens!  Rooms cool and airy.  Prices low, and satisfaction guaranteed in all cases.

Now Is The Time To Call!  S. Webster Wyman, Artist in Ambrotypes and Daguerreotype.  June 11.

S. Webster Wyman is recorded in other photographic directories from 1860-1869. 


[1] A Directory Of Massachusetts Photographers 1839-1900.

Knight C. Woodley

1858-1859       312 E Street, near Willards’, Washington, D. C.

1859                Opposite the Star Office, Pennsylvania Avenue & 11 Street, Washington, D. C.

1860                288½ Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C.[1]

Knight C. Woodley was recorded in five advertisements and fourth announcements in the Evening Star (Washington, D. C.).  The first advertisement ran from June 14 to November 23, 1858.  Portraits For The Million.—A perfect Portrait of yourself for 25 cents, warranted not to fade.  2,000 of these beautiful pictures made by Woodley in nine weeks.  No charge unless the sitter is perfectly satisfied.  Pictures on paper for 50 cents, which can be sent by mail without extra charge.  Every variety of cases kept on hand.  Sun light not required. 

K. C. Woodley, Photographer, No. 312 E. Street, near Willards.                             

The second advertisement ran from August 7 to 11, 1858.  Call At Scott’s Bookstore On Pa. avenue, between 14th and 16th streets, and get a dollar Book and a Daguerreotype for only one dollar….Daguerreotypes will be taken by that excellent artist E. N. Lewis, at Mrs. Redmond’s Gallery, No. 12 Market Space, and by R. C. Woodley, 312 E street.                                                     

The first announcement appeared on October 30, 1858.  Sun Painting.—Woodley, No. 312 E. Street, continues to take those really superior portraits for a quarter of a dollar.  His gallery is thronged from morning until night and he continues to give satisfaction to all his numerous patrons.  Those who wish a likeness in any style of the varied branches of Photographic art, should not omit to give him a call.

The third advertisement ran from November 24 to December 24, 1858.  A Question.—Why do the public from all parts of the city go to Woodley’s Gallery for Portraits?  Because they can there obtain a perfect likeness for 25 cents and upwards, and no charge unless the sitter is perfectly satisfied.

K. C. Woodley wishes to return thanks to his numerous patrons for the very liberal support he has met with, and hopes by strict attention to his profession to merit a continuance of their patronage.

K. C. W. wishes to inform the public that he has made great improvements at his Gallery, which is well warmed and made all snug for the Winter season.  On hand, a good assortment of Cases of the latest design, for Christmas presents.  K. C. Woodley, 312 E. Street, near Willards’ no. 24.

The second announcement appeared on December 24, 1858.  For life-like ambrotypes go to Sand’s and Woodley’s.

The third announcement appeared on January 5, 1859.  By The Advertisement elsewhere it will be seen that some thieves are “taking ambrotypes” from Woodley in a style not satisfactory to that artist.  Among the missing pictures is one of a pretty young bride, perhaps stolen by some rejected lover, who seizes the shadow in lieu of the original.

The fourth advertisement appeared on January 5, 1859.  $10 Reward.—Stolen from Woodley’s Gallery, at different times recently, six fine Ambrotypes—one stolen this morning.  The above reward will be paid on conviction of one of the petty thieves.                                                                                                                     

The fifth advertisement ran from January 24 to December 28, 1859.  Ambrotypes.—Small Profits And Quick Returns.  Portraits, framed 25 cents.  Any size Portraits warranted in best cases or frames at N. York prices.  Come all, and take a sitting for one of those beautiful Pictures, and obtain the ocular proofs, at K. C. Woodley’s Gallery, Pennsylvania avenue, bet. 13th and 14th streets, near Willard’s.                               

The fourth announcement appeared on June 21, 1859.  Woodley, photographer, has found his business increasing to the extent of demanding the opening of a branch establishment opposite the Star office.  See his flag.

Knight C. Woodley is recorded in other photographic directories as being active in Washington, D. C. in 1860 at 288½ Pennsylvania Avenue.


[1] Craig’s Daguerreian Registry.