Category Archives: Ambrotypes

William Leisenring

185-1856         Over Kauffman & Whitmore’s Store, Mount Pleasant, Iowa.

William Leisenring was recorded in one advertisement that appeared on February 14, 1856 in the  Mount Pleasant Observer (Mount Pleasant, Iowa).  Cutting’s Ambrotypes!  Or Pictures In Glass, By William Leisenring, at his old stand on the 3d floor of Kauffman & Whitmore’s store on the west side of the public square.

Having bought the right of Henry county, he is prepared to take the beautiful and Never Changing pictures in glass which are rapidly taking the place of Daguerreotypes they are a positive picture, showing the person without reversing.  They are beautiful in tone, bold and clear in effect.  The Ambrotype is taken on the best plate glass; an indestructible cement is then put upon it and another glass of the same size pressed upon it.  The cement soon hardens, and the two glasses become in effect one, with the picture in the centre [as] though it were in solid glass.  Clear days are the best for children.  Instructions given in the Art either in Daguerreotype or Ambrotype, or both.

Mr. Leisenring will be found at [his] rooms from 8½ o’clock A. M. till 4 P. M.  Wm. Leisenring.  Dec. 27’55.

William Leisenring is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in 1859-1860 in Mount Pleasant, Iowa.  Also listed in Pioneer Photographers From The Mississippi To The Continental Divide A Biographical Dictionary, 1839-1865.

Peter Kohlbeck

1856-1858       229 Bowery.

New York City Directories

1855/1856—Painter—h-118 St. Mark’s Place.

1856/1857–Not Listed.

1857/1858—Ambrotypist—h-229 Bowery.

1858/1859—Ambrotypist, 229 Bowery.

1859/1860—Portraits, 229 Bowery.

1860/1861—Artist, 229 Bowery.

Peter Kohlbeck was recorded in one announcement and one entry in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary Of Artist In America 1564-1860.  The announcementappeared on November 4, 1856 in the New York Tribune (New York, New York).  Fire In The Bowery.  Yesterday morning about 4 o’clock a fire broke out in the rear part of the second story of building No. 229 Bowery, known as the German American Hall, and before the fireman could subdue the flames the upper stories with most of their contents were destroyed.  The Fire extended to a carpenter shop in the rear, occupied by James M. Duff.  The basement of the front building was occupied by Otto Strum as a large beer saloon; first and second floors by Ernst Hanbold as a large-beer saloon and concert room; third floor by Peter Kohlbeck, daguerreotypist.  Loss of Mr. Duff, $[100]; no insurance.  Loss of Mr. Hanbold, $2,000; insured for $2,000 in the Pacific Insurance Company.  Loss of Mr. Kohlbeck, $400; insured for $1,000 in the Rutgers Insurance Company…  The fire is supposed to have been the work of design, as a man was seen to come out of the building and lock the door shortly before the fire was discovered.  The matter will be investigated by the Fire Marshal.

The entry appeared in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary Of Artist In America 1564-1860.  Kohlbeck, Peter.  Portrait painter on NYC.  He was painting portraits in the latter half of the 1850’s, then turned to taking ambrotypes and photographs.  he was active until 1878.   nybd 1856-61; NYCD 1860-78.

Peter Kohlbeck is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active 1858-1859.

William R. Knapp

1843                263 Grand Street, Columbia Hall, New York, New York.

1845-1854       103 Bowery, New York, New York.

1851-1855       559 Broadway, near Prince Street, New York, New York.

1855-1856       477 Broadway, New York. New York.

1857                43 Fulton Street, Brooklyn, New York.

1857                103 Bowery, New York, New York.

1858                469 Broadway, New York, New York.

1860                398 Bowery, New York, New York.

New York City Directories

1838/1839—engineer—88 Lewis.

1839/1840—engineer—88 Lewis..

1840/1841—engineer—88 Lewis—h-70 Lewis.

1841/1842—gunsmith—50½ Houston—h-18  ave. D.

1842/1843—gunsmith—50½ [Houston]—h-55 Houston.

1843/1844—gunsmith—302 Rivington.

1844/1845—gunsmith–302 Rivington.

1845/1846—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-302 Rivington.

1846/1847—daguerrian—103 Bowery.

1847/1848—daguerreotype—103 Bowery & 226 Bleeker—h558 Fourth.

1848/1849—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-558 Fourth.

1849/1850—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-644 Fourth.

1850/1851—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-644 Fourth.

1851/1852—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-188 E. 19th.

1852/1853—daguerrean—103 Bowery & 559 Broadway—h-188 E. 19th.

1853/1854—daguerreian—103 Bowery & 559 Broadway—h-188 E. 19th.

1854/1855—daguerrean—559 Broadway—h-180 E. 19th.

1855/1856—daguerreian—477 Broadway—h-75 E. 40th.

1856/1857—daguerreotypist—477 Broadway—h-75 E. 40th.

1857/1858—not listed.

1858/1859—daguerreotypes-469 Broadway—h 145 E. 32d.

1859/1860—no occupation listed—h-145 E. 32d.

1860/1861—photographs—398 Bowery—h-142 E. 33d.

1861/1862—not listed.

1862/1863—not listed.

William R. Knapp is recorded in one advertisement that ran from October 21 to November 2, 1843 in the  New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  Daguerreotype Miniatures are taken in a superior style by Wm. R. Knapp, at Columbian Hall, No. 263 Grand street, with all the latest improvements, including color.  Persons wanting a correct likeness of themselves or friends are respectfully solicited to call and examine specimens.  Pictures are taken in cloudy, stormy and fair weather.  Prices including case, from $1.50 to $4.  Hours from 8 A. M. until 4 P. M.                                                                                          

William R. Knapp is recorded in other photographic directories.  But is included here in part with new information.  The activity dates are derived from the city directories and newspaper accounts of over 30 typed pages that have not been included in the blog.  

Kerlinger & Chenoweth

1857                Second Street, Near St. Paul House, Shakopee, Minnesota.

Kerlinger & Chenoweth (John M. Kerlinger & John Chenoweth or Chenowith[1]) were recorded in one advertisement that was recorded on September 5, 1857 in the Republican Advocate (Shakopee, Minnesota).  Ambrotyping and Photographing!  Ambrotypes For Seventy-Five Cents!!  Having located on Second Street, near the St. Paul House, the undersigned would respectfully inform the citizens of Shakopee and vicinity, that they are now in possession of a new and well selected stock of Goods, and are prepared to take pictures of the first quality and most improved style.—Those wishing pictures would do well to give us a call.  Satisfaction given or no charge.  Instructions also given in the art.

Give us a call.  Kerlinger & Chenoweth.  Shakopee, August 8th.

Kerlinger & Chenoweth are not listed in other photographic directories as being in a partnership.  The are listed in separate entries in Pioneer Photographers From The Mississippi To The Continental Divide A Biographical Dictionary 1839-1865.


[1] Pioneer Photographers From The Mississippi To The Continental Divide A Biographical Dictionary 1839-1865.

F. P. Kenyon

1853-1854       Rooms in the building west of H. & F. Sheffield’s Store, Westerly, Rhode Island.

1855-1858       55 State Street, New London, Connecticut.

1859-1861       Rooms Corner State & Bank Streets, New London, Connecticut.

F. P. Kenyon was recorded in eight advertisement and one announcement in four different newspapers.  The first advertisement ran from October 27, 1853 to January 12, 1854 in The Literary Echo and Pawcatuck Advertiser (Westerly, Rhode Island).  Sky-Light Daguerreotypes. The subscriber, having re-opened the rooms formerly occupied by J. Tanner, with many additions and improvements, would inform his friends and the public generally, that he is now prepared to take likenesses in the best style, and at the lowest prices at which good pictures can be obtained.  Using the best American Instruments, and the most effectual Chemical Combinations known, in connection with a Large Sky-Light, he will furnish pictures which shall be inferior to none in their accuracy and beauty of finish.

Please call and examine specimens.  Rooms in the building west of H. & F. Sheffield’s Store.

Sitters should, by all means, wear dresses of a dark color.  F. P. Kenyon.

The second advertisement ran from September 6, 1855 to June 19, 1856 in the New London Weekly Chronical (New London, Connecticut).  Photographs on Glass.  These Pictures, so beautiful in tone, bold & clear in effect, are universally admire wherever they are exhibited, and are rapidly taking the place of Daguerreotypes, which too often proves evanescent and changing in their character.

These Pictures are taken upon the best Plate Glass, and indestructible varnish is then put upon them, which is impervious to the weather.

These Pictures may be set in monuments , carried to sea, or otherwise exposed to the action of the elements—and will retain their brilliancy for ages, being as endurable as the Glass upon which they are taken.  The public are invited to call and examine specimens.  Remember the No. 55 State St., New London, Connecticut.  E. P. Kenyon.

The announcement appeared on September 13, 1855 in the New London Weekly Chronical  (New London, Connecticut).  Ambrotypes.—We have seen considerable said in the newspapers recently about this new style of taking likenesses, but had little idea of what it really is, till we went a few days since, inti the Gallery of Mr. Kenyon, 55 State Street, whose advertisement will be seen in another column.  The specimens of his art which he showed us were certainly very beautiful—much superior to Daguerreotypes—and there can be not doubt we think of the decided superiority of the entire process and execution over the old mode.  We commend Mr. K’s room to the attention of our readers as the place where they will be gratified by seeing a great many exquisite pictures, and be as likely as any where else we know of to obtain an excellent likenesses of themselves or their friends.

The third advertisement ran from January 4, 1856 to June 20, 1856  in the New London Daily Chronical (New London, Connecticut).  Ambrotypes  Photographs on Glass.  These Pictures, so beautiful in tone, bold & clear in effect, are universally admire wherever they are exhibited, and are rapidly taking the place of Daguerreotypes, which too often proves evanescent and changing in their character.

These Pictures are taken upon the best Plate Glass, and indestructible varnish is then put upon them, which is impervious to the weather.

These Pictures may be set in monuments , carried to sea, or otherwise exposed to the action of the elements—and will retain their brilliancy for ages, being as endurable as the Glass upon which they are taken.  The public are invited to call and examine specimens.  Remember the No. 55 State St., New London, Connecticut.  E. P. Kenyon.

The fifth advertisement ran from June 19, 1856 to December 31, 1857 in the New London Daily Chronical (New London, Connecticut).  Ambrotypes!  The Public are invited to call at 55 State St. where they can get Ambrotypes With Colors, Also Daguerreotypes in every variety of style.  F. P. Kenyon.

The sixth Advertisement ran from June 19, 1856 to December 31, 1857 in the New London Weekly Chronical (New London, Connecticut).  Ambrotypes!  The Public are invited to call at 55 State St. where they can get Ambrotypes With Colors, Also Daguerreotypes in every variety of style.  F. P. Kenyon.

The seventh advertisement ran from February 3 to May 5, 1859  in the New London Weekly Chronical (New London, Connecticut).  25 Cent Ambrotypes.  Great Reduction In The Price of Ambrotypes. With Union Cases, Medium Size Which I formerly Got $3.00 For, I Now Offer for $1.50.  One-ninth Size at $1.00 With Picture.  Also Other Sizes in Proportion.

Having had for the past year, competition by parties who have sold the Union Case unfitted, to the public, giving them to understand that they could get Pictures set in the at a Reduced price, whereby they could save to themselves from 75 cents to $1.00 per picture, I now offer to my patrons and the public the above reduced prices, which will positively cheaper than they can buy the Cases and get the picture inserted.

I give these prices to the public to inform them that they can get of me pictures Cheaper Than Ever Before Offered In This City.

Also, I tender my thanks to the public for their very liberal patronage, hoping they will sustain me with their favors.

N.B.—Pictures inserted in Rings, Cases, Lockets, Bracelets, Pins, &c.  Also, Pictures made expressly to send by post, on light material, which will not require extra postage. All work will be done with neatness and dispatch.

Rooms On Corner of Bank and State Sts.  F. P. Kenyon.  jan 29.

The eighth advertisement was recorded on September 20 and August 16, 1860 in the New London Daily Star (New London, Connecticut).  Ambrotypes!  The Subscriber begs leave to inform the Public that he has discontinued the low prices that he has been making Pictures for, and resumed his former prices, 50 Cents, Being the lowest price for which good Pictures will be guaranteed.

Rooms On The Corner Of Bank & State Sts., New London, April. 20th.  F. P. Kenyon.

F. P. Kenyon is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in New London, Connecticut in 1856 to 1860. Another advertisement (not recorded in the blog) dates from February 13, 1861 which was recorded on May 13 where Kenyon is at the same address and advertises Ambrotypes, Photographs, &c.

John also records an H. P. Kenyon in Westerly, Rhode Island in 1855 this is possibly the same person.

W. G. Kennedy

1857-1858       Address Unknown, White Hall, South Carolina.

W. G. Kennedy was recorded in one advertisement that ran from July 10, 1857 to April 16, 1858. In The Independent Press (Abbeville, South Carolina).  Ambrotypes.  W. G. Kennedy Respectfully informs the public that he is permanently located at White Hall.  Where he is fully prepared at all times to give a good Picture and correct Likeness for a moderate remuneration.

W. G. Kennedy is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in White Hall in 1857.

Moses A. Kennedy

1857                Corner of Markham & Louisiana Streets, Little Rock, Arkansas.

Moses A. Kennedy was recorded in one advertisement that ran from January 24 to April 25, 1857 in the Weekly Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas).  Secure the Shadow ere the Substance fades.  Ambro and Melainotypes.

“What great delight, oh! Ambrotype!

To gaze upon the works of light!

How high the polish, pure the tone,

When ev’ry face is nature’s own;

Sure, never art with all its skill,

The soul with such transport won,

As by those pictures from the sun,

Which on the plate imprints the face

With every line, and shade, and grace,

Till we admit with throbbing heart

Great nature triumphs over art.—

Is this picture not perfection,

Painted by the Sun’s direction;

Heav’ns bright ray shed from above,

T’enshrine the forms to those we love.

M. A. Kennedy of Nashville, has just arrived in our city, and is furnishing these new and beautiful pictures made in the highest style of art, Superior both in point of artistic execution, and the character of the material employed to any thing before known.

The Genuine Ambrotype is clear as a painting, fine in tone and brilliant in effect, and will last unchanged for ages.  Let all who wish pictures or a knowledge of the art, avail themselves of the present opportunity.

Gallery on the corner of Markham and Louisiana street.

Moses A. Kennedy was recorded in Pioneer Photographers From The Mississippi To The Continental Divide A Biographical Dictionary, 1839-1865.

L. D. Jones

1858                Rooms over Dr. Fitch’s Office, Delhi, New York.

L. D. Jones was recorded in one advertisement that ran from June 16 to July 7, 1858 in the   Delaware Gazette (Delhi, New York).  For A Few Days Only, 25 Cent Ambrotypes At Churchill’s Gallery, By L. D. Jones.

L. D. Jones is not recorded in other photographic directories.

John H. Johnson

C.1852-1859   349 Broadway, New York, New York.

1859                156 Bowery, New York, New York.

John H. Johnson was recorded in five advertisements, the first in the New York Daily Tribune  (New York, New York) followed by four in The New York Herald (New York, New York).

…Daguerreian Operating Rooms.  These are superintended by Mr. Gurney in person, assisted by Messrs. Hays, and Johnson, all of whom are proficient artists.  Mr. Gurney attends to the delicate coloring and finishing of the Pictures, which have been so successful in carrying off prizes; they will also be found superior in clearness, correctness, and beauty of finish to those of any other establishment…

The second appeared on February 9, 1859.  To Daguerreotypist.—Parties Having a lease of a daguerreotype gallery on Broadway, between Canal and Bleecker street, and wishing to let the same, unfurnished, will apply to J. H. Johnson, 349 Broadway, up stairs.

The third advertisement appeared on October 9, 1859. Draw The Conclusion.–$5,000 Rent For A First class gallery in Broadway; $800 for the same class gallery in the Bowery; go, then, to the Bowery Photographic Palace of Art, 156 Bowery, four doors from Broome street, for your pictures. Photographs $1 and upwards. Daguerreotypes and ambrotypes, 50 cents and upwards. This is the most extensive and best fitted up gallery on Bowery. Gillies & Johnson, proprietors. N. B.–Mr. Johnson has served at Gurney’s gallery as operator for eight years.

The fourth appeared on November 6, 1859.  Holyday Gifts.—Go To The Bowery Photographic Palace of Art, 156 Bowery, for your pictures, Photographs, Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes at 50 cents [and] upwards.  This is the largest and best fitted up gallery on the Bowery.  Gillies & Johnson.  N. B.—Mr. Johnson has served at Gurney’s gallery as operator for eight years.

The fifth advertisement appeared on November 16, 1859.  Holiday Gifts.—Get Your Pictures Taken At 156 Bowery.—Photographs, Daguerreotypes and Ambrotypes at 50 cents and upwards.  Gillies & Johnson.  N. B.—Mr. Johnson has served at Gurney’s gallery as operator for eight years.

John H. Johnson was recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in 1860 at 156 Bowery in the partnership of Johnson & Bjerg.

J. H. Johnson

1855-1856       Rooms over J. B.H. Campbell’s Drug Store, Cumberland, Maryland.

1856                Rooms Opposite the Post Office, in the New Block, Cumberland, Maryland.

J. H. Johnson was recorded in one advertisement that appeared on January 10, 1856 in the Cumberland Telegraph and Maryland Mining Register (Cumberland, Maryland).  Beautiful Sky-Light Daguerreotypes.  The undersigned having purchased a full assortment of the finest material, is now prepared to take likenesses in the highest style of the art, beautiful as nature and perfectly life-like.

Having recently removed from the Rooms over J. B. H. Campbell’s Drug Store, to the splendid Sky-Light Daguerrean Rooms, fitted up expressly for him in the new block of buildings immediately opposite the Post Office, where he respectfully invites all who desire cheap and handsome likenesses of themselves or friends, to call and see him.

Ambrotypes a great improvement upon the Daguerreotype, being more soft and beautiful are now taken by the subscriber upon reasonable terms.—Call and examine them.  J. H. Johnson.

J. H. Johnson is not recorded in other photographic directories.  Only one issue was available to reference.