Tag Archives: Artist

J. A. McDougal

1849                251 Broadway, New York, New York.

J. A. McDougal was recorded in one advertisement that ran 16 times between October 4 and November 23, 1849 in the New York Herald (New York, New York). Miniatures.—Mr. J. A. McDougal, Artist, Has returned to his studio, No. 251 Broadway, corner of Murray street, over Tenney’s, in Plumbe’s. Mr. McD. Is enabled by a process peculiar to himself, to copy Daguerreotypes, no matter how dim or faded, and give the expression as well as if from life.

J. A. McDougal is not listed in other photographic directories. This is probably James Alexander McDougall Miniaturist and portrait painter, and not a daguerreotypist.

William King & Brother

1859                2 North Liberty Street, Baltimore, Maryland.

William King & Brother were recorded in an advertisement that ran from December 6 to 31, 1859 in The Daily Exchange (Baltimore, Maryland).  Christmas!  Christmas!!  Christmas!!!  Presents For The Holidays.  Stereoscopic Views of the most noted scenery, places, buildings, monuments, statuary, &c., of this and foreign countries, together with descriptive, sentimental and comic figures and groups, as true as nature, one of the most pleasing and instructive presents for the season.

Also, a fine selection of Photographs and plain and colored prints.  Wm. King & Bro., Artist and Photographer’s Depot, No. 2 N. Liberty Street.

William King & Brother are not listed in Directory of Maryland Photographers 1839-1900 by Ross J. Kelbaugh until 1863.  Possibly William H., King, Jr. and Alfred H King active in New York city 1849-1857.

Auguste Edouart

1844-1845       285 Broadway, New York, New York.

Auguste Edouart  is a known Silhouettist was recorded in two advertisements and one announcement in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  The first advertisement appeared on December 7, 1844. The Room Of An Artist.  The other day, we looked into the rooms of Mons. Edouart, 285 Broadway, to examine his large collection of silhouette likenesses.  It comprises an immense number of distinguished men and women, of various nations, all of them with their autographs, and date of the likeness.  Most of them were taken at their own residences, surrounded by their customary implements of employment or amusement.  There is Sir Walter Scott, in a pleasant room of Abbotsford, looking out upon the Frith of Forth; Hannah More at her own writing table; George Combe, with casts around him, and a skull in his hand; Paganini with his violin; Edward Irving in his pulpit, in various aspects of his impassioned gesture, &c.  This collection comprises 150,000 individuals, of whom 25,000 are Americans.  Among them we observed a variety of public characters—J. C. Adams, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Catherine M. Sedgwick, &c.

No one, who has any eye for art, can for a moment confound Mons. Edouart’s cuttings with common shadow likenesses or profiles.  There is all the difference between the two that there is between the scraping of a fiddle for a village dance, and the violin played by a master’s hand.  His likenesses are not only invariably accurate, but they are full of life, spirit, and expression.  Some of them seem actually to laugh, and talk, and think.  His imitations of various animals in hair-work are wonderfully perfect and life-like.  Hours might be spent pleasantly in examining the treasures of this room, the admission to which is free.

Those who wish to see this very curious collection, and avail themselves of the uncommon talent of the artist, will do well to call soon, as he intends to depart for Europe before long.

The second advertisement ran from February 10 to 15, 1845 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  No. 285 Broadway, Near Granite Buildings.  Monsieur Edouart, Silhouttist of the French and English Royal Families, respectfully informs the public that he has returned to New York, after a tour of four years through all the principal cities of the United States.  He brings with him a valuable collection of Likenesses of distinguished characters in the Church, State, Navy, Army, Literature, Science and Art.  His American amounts to 25,000, and his European to 125,000; all with their autographs appended.  This highly interesting collection is exhibited at his rooms, where there is free admission at all hours of the day.

Mr. E. continues to take single Likenesses or Family Groups, the accuracy of which are too  well known to the public to require the abundant and flattering testimonials that could easily be furnished.

Duplicates of the likenesses in his collection to be had, and families attended at their own residences, if requested.  Being about to leave this country for Europe, he invites his friends and the public generally to call as early as possible.

Likewise, Daguerreotype Likenesses taken from nature, Portraits and miniatures: copies of the Silhouette Family Group.

The announcement appeared on July 18, 1846 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  Saratoga—Art, Life, &c.  Correspondent of The Tribune.  Saratoga Springs, July 16, 1846….While writing about works of art, I would mention Mr. Johnson, The daguerreotype artist, and Mons. Edouart, the Silhouetteist, who are well known to old visitants here, having been here for several seasons.  They are both great artists in their way, and attract many visitors to their rooms, and even those loiterers who just stroll into their rooms to pass an idle moment by viewing their pictures, are many of them induced to get their own likenesses taken….

Auguste Edouart is not listed in other photographic directories.  Alexander Edouart is recorded in other photographic directories and was a portrait and landscape painter and photographer, active in New York City and San Francisco, California.  Alexander Edouart is the son of Auguste Edouart.  It is unknown if Auguste Edouart took daguerreotypes in Saratoga Spring, New York.

W. Cooper

1857                49 Church Street, Nashville, Tennessee.

W. Cooper was recorded in an announcement on October 31, 1857 in The Winchester Home Journal (Winchester, Tennessee).  Portrait Painting.  W. Cooper, is permanently located in Nashville, at number 49, Church street, over Cornelius’ Furniture store, and is prepared to paint Portraits and Photographic Likenesses, from Miniature to Life size, at short notice, and entire satisfaction given.  Persons at a distance can send their pictures, which will answer all purposes.

W. Cooper is not listed in other photographic directories or in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artists in America 1856-1860.

Richard Clague

N. D.                Address Unknown, New Orleans, Louisiana.                                                                        N. D.                Address Unknown, Paris France.                                                                                  1857                Address Unknown, Africa.

Richard Clague was recorded in an announcement on September 17, 1857 in the Green-Mountain Freeman (Montpelier, Vermont).  African Explorations… October last, under the auspices of Mahommed Said, the present enlightened Viceroy of Egypt.  The expedition was planned by M. I’Escatrac de Lauture, a Frenchman, who was joined by sis of his own countrymen, four Austrian gentlemen, one Prussia, an Englishman, and one American, all of them men of scientific professions, or attainment.  The American was Mr. Clagne, of New Orleans, a photographic artist.

Richard Clague is not recorded in any of the photographic directories I have referenced.  In fact every reference I have checked only refers to his landscape/portrait painting.  According to The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artist in America 1564-1860 Clague was an artist, teacher and landscape painter, who is recorded as being in New Orleans in 1851.  A search of the New Orleans newspapers might shed more light on Clague’s photographic career.

Professor J. Edwin Churchill

1856                434 Pennsylvania Avenue, Between 4½ and 6th Streets, Washington, D. C. 1857                Address and Location Unknown

Professor J. Edwin Churchill was recorded in two announcements, the first on September 6, 1856 in the Evening Star (Washington, D. C.).  ….Prof. J. E. Churchill, the distinguished American artist, is in this city.  Some of his exquisite specimens of photographs in oil, among which is a fine likeness of Mrs. Julia Dean Hayne, may be seen at Whitehurst’s gallery.

The second on August 26, 1857 in the same paper.  Prof. J. E. Churchill has just finished a fine photographic portrait in oil, of President Buchanan.

According to The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artist in America 1564-1860 J. Edwin Churchill is recorded as a portrait painted in Philadelphia in 1860.

E. Church

1845                Rooms over Mr. E. Clark’s Store, Ogdensburgh, New York.

E. Church was recorded in an announcement on April 29, 1845 in the St. Lawrence Republican. (Ogdensburgh, New York). Daguerreotype painting.—Mr. E. Church has rooms over Mr. E. Clark’s store, where he takes likenesses on short notice.  He exhibits some beautiful specimens of the art.  A great improvement has been effected, by coloring the portraits, giving them the hue of natural life.

This is possibly Edwin Church but without further proof it is only speculation.

Jefferson Beardsley

Jefferson Beardsley (1833-1895) was recorded in an advertisement in the Ithaca Journal and Advertiser (Ithaca, New York) on September 15, 1858 and which ran until February 23, 1859.  His address is based on Moses Reeves’s advertisement 49 Owego Street, over T. C. Thompson’s Merchant Tailor’s store, Ithaca.

The Sun Still Shines!  “By their Works ye know them.”  I would respectfully announce to the citizens of Ithaca and surrounding country, that I have taken the rooms formerly occupied by M. Reeves, over T. C. Thompson’s and 2 doors west of Culver’s store, where I am prepared to take all kinds of Photographic Pictures in a superior manner.  I will take pictures of Invalids or Deceased Persons, at their residence, on the most reasonable terms and the shortest possible notice.  Portraits painted—miniature or life size—in oil and crayon, Views of residences, Draughting and pictures of every description painted to Order.

Another example of a painter doing photography.  After doing an internet search for Jefferson Beardsley.  I found out that he was a portrait and landscape painter and photographer, working into the 1880’s and possibly beyond.  He is listed in The New York Historical Society Dictionary of Artist in America, 1864-1860.  As a genre painter, Ithaca (N. Y.), exhibited at the National Academy in 1859.

A foot note Beardsley attended the American Centennial Celebration in Philadelphia in 1876 and evidently purchased photographs of French pornography, sometime after he returned home he was charged with a crime and stood trial after college student and young men came in contact with them, he was also accused of making copies.  At the end of the trial he was sentenced to six months of hard labor.[1]

[1] Zen And The Art Of Local History (edited by Carol Kammen, Bob Beatty) p. 103-110.

A. Andrews

On September 20, 1853 A. Andrews advertises in the Penn Yan Democrat, Penn-Yan, New York.  Offering his daguerreotype apparatus for sale.  The subscriber having tried daguerreotyping to his heart contented, or rather discontented, has returned to his first love. “portrait painting, and now wishes to sell out his whole apparatus.  He has on hand a full and complete apparatus, chemicals, a snug little outfit of Plates, Cases, Lockets, &c. all of which he will sell upon the most reasonable terms for Ready Cash

Any one wishing to embark in the Daguerrian business cannot do better than to call on the subscriber at his rooms in Penn Yan, in the old Stewart & Tunnicliff building, up stairs.

There is only one A.  Andrews listed in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artists In America 1564-1860.  It is Ambrose Andrews, but there is no proof at this time that they are the same person.