Tag Archives: Artist

Alexander Ransom

1853                Mr. Ransom’s Rooms New York University, New York, New York.

Alexander Ransom was recorded in one announcement and one advertisement in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  The announcement appeared on December 13, 1853.  Mr. Freeman Having Purchased of Mr. Alexander Ransom the half of his property in the Drummond Light apparatus for enlarging daguerreotypes, will be prepared every day, between the hours of two and three o’clock P. M., to show any respectable parties, the effects of Daguerreotypes so enlarged, through which a perfect drawing is traced upon the reflection itself, from the cabinet to the size of life, or even larger, with the unerring certainty, in a comparatively short space of time.  Those having daguerreotypes of friends, will please bring them to determine their real value when magnified and thrown upon another surface, thereby avoiding all the disagreeable effects of the reflex of a polished plate, and withal of a hundred per cent increase of resemblance to their originals.  Outline for artists reasonably made.  Rooms No. 1, third floor, N. Y. University, Washington parade ground.

The advertisement ran from December 17 to 19, 1853.  Portraits Painted From Daguerreotypes.—Persons having daguerreotypes of deceased or absent  friends, can see the magnified to the size of life by a powerful Drummond light apparatus free at Mr. Ransom’s rooms, New York University, every day from 2 to 3 o’clock, P. M.

Alexander Ransom does not appear in other photographic directories.  He is recorded as a portrait painter in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary of Artists in America 1564 – 1860 as being active in Boston and Lowell, Massachusetts, New York City and London, England.

S. W. Price

1857                Between Main and Franklin Streets, Clarksville, Tennessee.

S. W. Price is recorded in two announcements in the Clarksville Chronicle (Clarksville, Tennessee). The first announcement appeared on November 20, 1857. We are pleased to see that our clever friend and accomplished artist, Mr. S. W. Price, has returned to our city, to remain a short time.  We are shown a specimen of his skill, in the way of coloring upon the Photograph likeness of our Editor.  It is certainly a fine specimen of art.

If, with McCormac to take the picture, and Price to do the coloring, our senior’s face is not well taken, then there is no use in any one else trying.  In our opinion, this Photograph cannot be surpassed.

The second announcement appeared on May 21, 1858.  Mr. Price is again in our midst Mr. Price is a painter of decided merit, and if evidence of that fact were wanting, his picture of that fact were wanting, his picture of Mr. Fillmore is sufficient to place the matter beyond a doubt.  Mr. Price is also a high-toned and honorable gentleman, and we bespeak for him a liberal share of patronage.  We presume he will resume his employment as colorer of Photographers for Mr. W. J. McCormac.  Success attend them both.

S. W. Price is not recorded in other photographic directories. There is a possibility that this is Samuel Woodson Price a portrait and figure painter who was active in Kentucky and Tennessee prior to the Civil War.

William F. Porter

1855-1856       Over Baldwin’s Book Store, Main Street, Warren, Ohio.

William F. Porter was recorded in two announcements and two advertisements in the Western Reserve Chronicle  (Warren, Ohio).  The first announcement appeared on September 19, 1855.  Daguerreotypes.  Our young friend W. F. Porter, has somewhat changed his vocation, and instead of painting landscapes, trees, lakes and rivers, earth and sky on canvas, is now calling to his aid, the sun and light, to paint human, face divine on daguerrean plate.  Mr. Porter has the taste of a poet, and eye of an artist.  If his pictures are as life-like as his poetry is true and pure, his patrons must be satisfied.

He has tastefully fitted up rooms over Baldwin’s Book Store, on Main Street.  Success attend him.

The first advertisement ran from September 12 to November 21, 1855.  W. F. Porter’s Sky-Light Daguerrean Rooms.  “Secure The Shadow Ere The Substance Fade.”  The subscriber is happy to announce to the citizens of warren and surrounding country, that he has fitted up a suit of Rooms over Baldwin’s Bookstore, south of the Post Office, with a large sky-light, where he is prepared to furnish Daguerreotypes in the Best Style of the Art.  He has a fine assortment of Materials, Cases, &c., of the latest styles, which he has received direct from New York, and which he will be furnished at moderate prices.  He has also a collection of Oil Paintings and Daguerreotypes for the gratification of the lovers of Art, and has spared no pains to make the rooms a pleasant and agreeable place of resort at all hours, and he is determined by constant additions to keep up their interest and make them one of the places worth visiting, both by citizens and strangers.  And he looks for a liberal support in his efforts to gratify those who require his services as an Artist and Daguerreotypist.

All persons are cordially invited to call, whether wishing Pictures or not.

Work done at my rooms will be warranted.  William F. Porter.  Warren, Ohio.  Sept. 12, 1855.

The second announcement appeared on January 2, 1856.  Ambrotypes.  We cannot imagine a more appropriate gift, to a relative or friend, than a life-like Ambrotype likeness.  They are much superior in every respect to Daguerreotypes.  Wm. F. Porter and Mr. Marsh, have taken some capital pictures of this kind.

The second advertisement ran from January 2 to February 27, 1856.   Ambrotypes—Wm. F. Porter Takes this opportunity of informing the public that he is now taking this new and beautiful style of pictures.  For delicacy of shade, tone and brilliancy, they are unequaled by any other style, and to be appreciated, they must be seen.  They are without the glare of the Daguerreotype, and have softer lights and shadows.  They are very permanent, as the picture is taken on one glass plate, and then another plate is cemented to that by a process which renders the two plates in fact one.  The picture is then the centre of a heavy glass plate, and cannot be destroyed, unless the glass is broken.

Instruction.  Given to Ladies and Gentlemen in the above art, also in all the different branches of Daguerreotyping, as cheap as anywhere in the State.  Written instructions in Ambrotyping sent to any one, on the receipt of $3, by mail or otherwise.  Wm. F. Porter.  Rooms over Baldwin’s Bookstore, Main St., Warren, O.

William F. Porter is not recorded in other photographic directories.

James Thomas Poindexter

1852-1853                   Foster’s Building, Corner of Main and First Street, Evansville, Indiana.

(James) Thomas Poindexter was recorded in six announcements and two advertisements in The Evansville Daily Journal (Evansville, Indiana).  He was also recorded in an on line article in 2012 for the Evansville-Museum-Exhibition and an entry in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary Of Artists In American 1584 to 1860.  The first announcement appeared on August 4, 1852. Mr. Poindexter, a portrait painter of much merit, has just arrived here from the South.  We hope he may be induced to remain among us for a time.  The Daguerreotype business has had the effect to drive all inferior portrait painters to some other business, while good artist alone are left, and they appear to be well patronized.  A well painted portrait cannot be excelled by any Daguerreotype, and it has the advantage of correct coloring to make it a more life-like work of art.  We hope sufficient inducements will be offered Mr. P. to urge him to stay here awhile, and leave with us some of the works of his skill.

The second announcement appeared on August 7, 1852.  Portrait Painting.—We take pleasure in calling attention to Mr. Poindexter’s advertisement of Portrait Painting.  The portrait of a citizen he has just painted, appears to us, who are no judge of such work, to be a at least a triumph so far as the likeness is concerned.  Mr. P. intends remaining here but a short time, and as we have had no professional portrait painter among us for a long time, it might be well for citizens to take advantage of the occasion.  A good portrait is a pleasing possession for any one, and an invaluable “relic of the past” when years have winged themselves into eternity.

The third announcement appeared on August 7, 1852.  Portrait Painting, T. Poindexter, Portrait Painter, has taken the rooms in Foster’s building, at head of stairs, where he would be pleased to have citizens call and examine his specimens of painting.  He intends remaining in Evansville but a short time, and would request those desirous of having their portraits painted to call soon.  He promises to give satisfaction, and only asks patronage as he may deserve it.

The fourth announcement appeared on September 27, 1852.  Mr. Poindexter, Portrait Painter, has been taking some excellent Portraits.  Mr. P. is not only capable of taking correct likenesses, as fine as we ever saw, but his pictures are good as works of art.  They are not surpassed as paintings, by the works of those artists who are considered the best portrait painters of the West, we defy any painter to make better likenesses.  Our citizens have been patronizing Daguerreotypist very freely, but one of Poindexter’s portraits are worth fifty Daguerreotypes—while to patronize him is to aid an artist, who has devoted a lifetime to his profession.

The fifth announcement appeared on April 20, 1853.  Mr. Poindexter, has opened a Daguerrean Gallery in Foster’s building, which he will carry on in connection with his portrait painting.  Mr. P. already established a good reputation in our city as a Portrait Painter, and his specimens in the Daguerrean art, will compare favorably with any ever taken here.  Mr. Poindexter has taken up his residence in our city, and designs establishing a permanent business in Picture and Portrait making.  We wish him great success, and hope our citizens will give him that generous support of which he has proven himself worthy.

The first advertisement ran from April 20 to December 7, 1853.  Daguerreotypes!  The subscriber respectfully informs the public generally that he has resumed the above business with which he has long been familiarly acquainted, and designs establishing permanent Daguerrean gallery in Evansville in Foster’s buildings, corner of Main and First street, where he hopes to receive the frequent visits of ladies and gentlemen which it shall be his earnest endeavor to merit; and he expects to be permanent, he depends more upon exhibitions of his proficiency and skill than noisy humbug of words for success.

His reputation as a portrait painter is too well established in Evansville and elsewhere to need remark further than that he will be happy to accommodate any desiring his services in that branch of art.  Thos. Poindexter.

The sixth advertisement appeared on July 24, 1856.  Hall Of Evansville Lodge, No. 64, A. Y. M. July 21, 1856.  At a called meeting of Evansville Lodge…By order of the Lodge Committee A. H. Sanders. Thos. Poindexter, Osborne Reilly.

The second advertisement ran from September 21v to November 23, 1857.  At Home.  Having returned to remain but a short time, the subscriber would respectfully invite those who may desire his artistic services to make it known without delay, as he has calls abroad that should not be neglected.  A good likeness warranted, either from life or a good Daguerrean or Ambrotype picture.  Studio first floor above and entrance through the store of A. C. Pushee.  See Specimens.  Thos. Poindexter.

1957.  The New-York Historical Society’s Dictionary Of Artists in America 1564–1860, P. 509.  Poindexter, James Thomas (1832-1891).  Portrait painter.  Born June 6, 1832 in Christian County (Ky.)  H was painting portraits in Evansville, (Ind) as early as 1852.  During the Civil War he was a telegraph operator.  He died June 10, 1891…

2012 August 23.  http://www.courierpress.com/features/evansville-museum-exhibition-celebrates-19th-century-portrait-painters-work-ep-444109151-324677591.html.

A single line in the Aug. 4, 1852, issue of the Evansville Daily Journal simply announced, “Poindexter, a portrait painter has come to town.”

James Thomas Poindexter, 23, was a Hopkinsville, Ky., native with little or no formal art training, but with a desire to make his living as a professional painter. He went on to become one of the most important portrait artists of the region.

His own work, which will be featured in an Evansville Museum show opening Sept. 2, reflected portraiture at the time, often done by traveling painters who moved from town to town brushing portraits and painting business signs for fees or, sometimes, food and lodging.

Poindexter married and settled in Evansville where, in addition to painting, he took up daguerreotype portrait photography.

He left during the Civil War to serve as a telegraph operator for the Army of the Confederacy, and worked painting portraits in Louisiana and Mississippi before returning to Evansville in 1871. His name appeared in city records until 1882. He died in Eddyville, Ky., nine years later.

Hanna Ganote, a New Albany, Ind., native who graduated from the University of Evansville this year, helped put together the Evansville Museum’s exhibition, which draws from the museum’s own collection of a dozen Poindexters, as well as portraits on loan from museums and libraries in Evansville and New Harmony, Ind., and in Louisville, Ky.

The show will hang through Nov. 25 in the Main Gallery, and may be seen online as a virtual exhibition on http://www.emuseum.org.

James Thomas Poindexter is not listed in other photographic directories.  He is like some other portrait painters during the daguerreian era who either dabbled for a time making daguerreotype images, used daguerreotypes in their portrait painting, or became daguerreotypist/photographers.

Thomas Hazard Parker

1846                Main Street, 2d door from Washington, Sag Harbor, New York.                          1847-1853     Address Unknown, Sag Harbor, New York.

T Hazard Parker was recorded in eleven advertisements in The Corrector (Sag Harbor, New York).  This includes two advertisements for Parker & Bellows; one advertisement for Parker & Douglas; and two advertisements for Parker & Marcellus.

The first advertisement ran from November 18, 1846 to June 23, 1847.  Daguerreotype Likenesses.  T. H. Parker would respectfully invite the attention of the citizens of this place, the Hamptons and vicinity, to the miniatures taken by him.  Having availed himself of all the latest improvements in this beautiful art and procured the very best cameras that can be furnished he is [is] enabled to take the most correct and finest pictures that this elegant sand useful art can produce.  Some persons do not like Daguerreotypes, which opinion is formed from seeing pictures imperfectly taken.—Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine and judge for themselves.

Warranted permanent with or without color, at the lowest city prices, from one to three dollars each.  Main st, 2d door from Washington.

The second advertisement ran from June 23, 1847 to July 31, 1848.  Daguerreotype Likenesses.  T. H. Parker would respectfully inform the citizens of Sag Harbor and vicinity, that having availed himself of all the latest improvements, and engaged the services of Mr. Payne, he flatters himself that his likenesses cannot be surpassed, and which he insures not to fade.  Miniatures taken in one third the time generally required.

Likenesses of sick or deceased persons taken at their residences, at the lowest city prices, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.

Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine his specimens.

The third advertisement ran from June 23, 1847 to October 7, 1848.  Daguerreotype Likenesses.  T. H. Parker would respectfully inform the citizens of Sag Harbor and vicinity, that having availed himself of all the latest improvements, and engaged the services of Mr. Payne, he flatters himself that his likenesses cannot be surpassed, and which he insures not to fade.  Miniatures taken in one third the time generally required.

Likenesses of sick or deceased persons taken at their residences, at the lowest city prices, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.

Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine his specimens.

The fourth advertisement ran from October 11, 1848 to May 12, 1849.  Daguerreotype Likenesses.  At One Dollar Each.  T. H. Parker would respectfully inform the citizens of Sag Harbor and vicinity, that having availed himself of all the latest improvements he flatters himself that his likenesses cannot be surpassed, and which he insures not to fade. Miniatures taken in one third the time generally required.

Likenesses of sick or deceased persons taken at their residences, at the lowest prices, and warranted to give satisfaction.

Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine his specimens.

The fifth advertisement ran from May 12 to July 27, 1850.  Daguerreotype Likenesses Taken at Parker & Douglas’s Daguerrean Rooms, with a large and improved apparatus, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.  Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine their specimens.

The sixth advertisement ran from July 31, 1850 to July 27, 1851.  Daguerreotype Likenesses taken at Parker & Bellows’s Daguerrean Rooms, with a large and improved apparatus, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.  Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine their specimens.

The seventh advertisement ran from July 23 to September 17, 1851.  All relations heretofore existing between T. Hazard Parker and Henry S. Bellows, in the Daguerrean business, are this day dissolved, by mutual consent.

All bills connected with the business, will be settled by T. Hazard Parker.  Sag Harbor, July 23, 1851.  T.H. Parker, H. S. Bellows.

The eighth advertisement ran from July 26 to August 2, 1851.  Daguerreotype Likenesses, taken at T. H. Parker’s Daguerrean Rooms with a large and improved apparatus, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.  Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine their specimens.

The ninth advertisement ran from August 6, 1851 to September 20, 1851.  Daguerreotype Likenesses Taken at Parker & Marcellus’ Daguerrean Rooms, with a large and improved apparatus, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.  Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine their specimens.  July 31.

The tenth advertisement ran from September 24  to October 15, 1851.  Daguerreotype Likenesses, Taken at Parker & Marcellus’ Daguerrean Rooms.  For One Dollar Each, with large and improved apparatus, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.  Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine their specimens.

The eleventh advertisement ran from October 18, 1851 to January 19, 1853.  Daguerreotype Likenesses, Taken at T. H. Parkers’ Daguerrean Rooms, For One Dollar Each, with large and improved apparatus, and warranted to give perfect satisfaction.  Ladies and gentlemen are respectfully invited to call and examine their specimens.

Thomas Hazard Parker is not listed in other photographic directories.  As previously posted he was in the partnerships of Parker & Douglas (1849-1850); Parker & Bellows (1850) and Parker & Marcellus (1851).  Additional research prior to becoming a daguerreotypist he was a miniature portrait painter on ivory, born in 1801 in Sag Harbor.  Studied in New York City with Matthew Rogers then moved to Hartford before returning to Sag Harbor.

John Pardoe

1858                Address Unknown, Oneonta, New York.

1859 January 21.  The Freeman’s Journal.  (Cooperstown, New York.)  January 21, 1859, Vol. LI, No. 24, Whole No. 2,624, P. 4.

List of Premiums Awarded by the Otsego Co. at [ ? ] in 1858….Discretionary Permits….

Bolles & Smith, patent Camera-Box, dip and cash $3.                                                                          Bolles & Smith, Photographs and Ambrotypes, cash $1.                                                              J. Pardoe, oil paintings and photographs in oil, cash $2.

John Pardoe is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active as a daguerreian in Oneonta in 1859.  He is also listed in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary Of Artist in America 1584-1860.  John Pardoe, Portrait painter of NYC, who exhibited at the American Institute in 1848.  NYCD 1848-1849, as a painter.  This is possibly the same person.  The question is did he take the photographs or did he just paint them?

Randolph Palmer

1841                Studio east corner of the Exchange Building, over Mr. Haight’s Jewelry Store,                               Auburn, New York.

Randolph Palmer was recorded in three advertisements and two announcement in the Auburn Journal and Advertiser (Auburn, New York).  The first advertisement was recorded on January 6, 1841.  Portrait Painting.  R. Palmer would say to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Auburn and its vicinity, that he would be happy to wait upon them in the line of his profession, at his room, Chedell’s Buildings.

As to his ability as an artist, he would leave it with connoisseurs to decide.  His portraits are always ready for inspection: let them speak for themselves.  Call and examine them.  Auburn, February 18, 1840.

The first announcement appeared on January 20, 1841.  The Daguerreotype.  By reference to the advertisement of Mr. R. Palmer in other columns, our readers will notice that he has recently fitted up his establishment so as to enable him to take likenesses, by the new and curious system of Daguerreotype.  It was our intention to have given at this time a sort of bird’s eye view of the course adopted in carrying out the rules of this new discovery;—but we shall be compelled to defer it till our next. Such of our citizens as desire a perfect miniature, will do well to give Mr. P. a call at his “glass house,” east end of Exchange Buildings—and those who desire a Portrait, will there see specimens of his skill with the pencil and brush, as large, as natural, and apparently as animated as life itself.

The second advertisement ran from January 20 to March 24, 1841.  Portraits, Miniatures, And Photographic Likenesses in the Daguerreotype Process R. Palmer, has removed his studio to the east corner of Exchange Buildings, (directly over Mr. Haight’s Jewelry Store,) within the Glass House, where he will always be found ready, and happy, to wait upon all who may desire to hand down to posterity their Phiz upon canvass, Ivory, or Silver

He is perfectly willing to be criticized upon his own productions, but thinks it unfair for critics to find fault with the Pictures which Nature paints.

The Daguerreotype paints along with the colors which the sun produces, by reflecting light upon the sitter,—the sitting for the Daguerreotype vary from 3 to 8 minutes, according to light.  The best time for taking likenesses is in a clear day from 8 A. M., to 3 P. M.—It is not necessary to have the sun shine upon the sitter.

The second announcement appeared on February 10, 1841.  Daguerreotypes.  Likenesses of this description are now taken with the greatest accuracy by Mr. Palmer, at his “glass house” at the east end of the Exchange Buildings.

“The pictures as pictures (says the N. Y. Courier, in speaking of Daguerreotypes) are superior to any other specimens of the art that we have seen, and as likenesses of the originals, there is no sort of mistake.  No one who would be flattered need sit, but the man or woman who seek a similitude of their own face and features, as exact as it is in the mirror into which they look, had better apply here.  It is not a resemblance but an absolute identity of look and appearance, that is the result.”

Mr. P. has also recently succeeded in taking by the above power some beautiful landscape views.

The third advertisement appeared on March 31, 1841.  Portrait Painting.  R. Palmer has removed his room to 89 (Beach’s Block) Genesee st., where he will be happy to attend to all business in the line of his profession.—As to his ability as an artist, he would leave it with connoisseurs to decide.  His portraits are always ready for inspection: let them speak for themselves.

The Ladies and Gentlemen of Auburn and vicinity are respectfully invited to give him a call. Auburn, March, 1841.

Randolph Palmer is not recorded in other photographic directories.  He is recorded in The New-York Historical Society’s Dictionary Of Artists In America 1584-1860 as a portrait painter working in Auburn, New York from 1839 to 1843 and also working in Albany and Seneca Falls.

Mrs. W.P. Molloy

1858                Welcome’s Building, over Col. Stone’s Printing Office, Plattsburgh, New York. 1858                Rooms over Republican Office, Plattsburgh, New York.

Mrs. W.P. Molloy was recorded in one advertisement and two announcements in the Plattsburgh Republican (Plattsburgh, New York).  The advertisement ran from July 24 to December 4, 1858.

Daguerrean Gallery!  Mrs. Molloy Will open a Gallery Of Art about the middle of next week in Welcome’s Building, over Col. Stone’s printing office, where all who desire may have well executed pictures in Phototypes, Daguerreotypes, Ambrotypes, Sphereotypes, and Hillotypes in oils, India Ink or plain, at reasonable prices.  Mrs. M. Possessing the acquirements of an Artists in painting will furnish Photographs in a very elegant style of finish.  Cloudy weather preferred.

The first announcement appeared on September 18, 1858.  List of Premiums Awarded at the Sixteenth Annual Fair of the Clinton County Agricultural Society Held at the U. S. barracks, in Plattsburgh, September 9th 10th & 11th, 1858.                                                                   …Best Colored Crayon Drawing:  1st Prize, Mrs. W. P. Malloy, Plattsburgh,   2.                                 …Best Pencil Sketch:  Mrs. W. P. Malloy, Discretionary.  This was very fine and worthy of especial notice.                                                                                                                                      Ambrotypes:               1st Prize, P. Tenny Gates, Plattsburgh,                        2.                                        Photographs:              1st prize, P. Tenny Gates, Plattsburgh,                        2.                                          Daguerreotypes:        1st prize, P. Tenny Gates, Plattsburgh,                        2.                            Professor Gates did himself great credit, and exhibited his usual taste.

The second announcement appeared on December 25, 1858.  Ambrotypes and Photographs are among the most appropriate articles for presents.  They may be had at Gates’ Gallery or at Mrs. Molloy’s rooms, over the Republican Office.

Mrs. W.P. Molloy is not recorded in other photographic directories.

J. A. McDougal

1849                251 Broadway, New York, New York.

J. A. McDougal was recorded in one advertisement that ran 16 times between October 4 and November 23, 1849 in the New York Herald (New York, New York). Miniatures.—Mr. J. A. McDougal, Artist, Has returned to his studio, No. 251 Broadway, corner of Murray street, over Tenney’s, in Plumbe’s. Mr. McD. Is enabled by a process peculiar to himself, to copy Daguerreotypes, no matter how dim or faded, and give the expression as well as if from life.

J. A. McDougal is not listed in other photographic directories. This is probably James Alexander McDougall Miniaturist and portrait painter, and not a daguerreotypist.

William King & Brother

1859                2 North Liberty Street, Baltimore, Maryland.

William King & Brother were recorded in an advertisement that ran from December 6 to 31, 1859 in The Daily Exchange (Baltimore, Maryland).  Christmas!  Christmas!!  Christmas!!!  Presents For The Holidays.  Stereoscopic Views of the most noted scenery, places, buildings, monuments, statuary, &c., of this and foreign countries, together with descriptive, sentimental and comic figures and groups, as true as nature, one of the most pleasing and instructive presents for the season.

Also, a fine selection of Photographs and plain and colored prints.  Wm. King & Bro., Artist and Photographer’s Depot, No. 2 N. Liberty Street.

William King & Brother are not listed in Directory of Maryland Photographers 1839-1900 by Ross J. Kelbaugh until 1863.  Possibly William H., King, Jr. and Alfred H King active in New York city 1849-1857.