E. Westcote

1856                Unknown Location, Oneonta, New York.

E. Westcote was mentioned in one advertisement that ran from March 14 to June 6, 1856 in The Freeman’s Journal (Cooperstown, New York).  Ambrotypes.  It Is Talked By A Certain Few that the Ambrotype likeness spoil.  In stating [realities] we hope to be allowed to correct all those false and erroneous illusions.  We will admit that some of the pictures we made before purchasing the Ambrotype right did spoil. We were made to believe that those pictures were equally as good as the patent Ambrotype; they resemble the Ambrotype so nearly that at first sight a person cannot distinguish them from the genuine pictures.  But by keeping them a while they spoil, and soon show for themselves.—This kind of picture is made in the county and sold throughout the State as Ambrotypes.  Their right name we will omit, but will say that they are a positive picture made and finished on the single glass, referred to in the Caution to the people by the Boston Ambrotype Company as worthless.  All those who got that kind of Likeness at our rooms can return them and have the genuine Ambrotype reset in their cases free of charge.

We have recently sold the right of the southern portion of this county to E. Westcote of Oneonta.  His Car and Excelsior Gallery in Cooperstown, are the only places where the genuine patent Ambrotypes can be obtained in Otsego county.

N. D.—Prices as low as the lowest.  All our work warranted to please, and to be as good as at any other room in the State.  Olendorf & Smith.

E. Westcote is not recorded in other photographic directories.

Willian West

1843-1844       Address Unknown, Cincinnati, Ohio.

Willian West was recorded in two advertisements in The New York Herald (New York, New York.)  The first advertisement ran from June 22 to September 5, 1843.  Philadelphia Daguerreotype Establishment.  Exchange Building, Rooms 26 & 27.  The Subscribers, having procured the agency for the sale of Voigtander’s Daguerreotype Apparatus, constructed according to Professor Petzval’s calculation, have on hand a large assortment of these Apparatus, and artists as well as amateurs of their art, wishing to procure a good apparatus, will find it to their advantage to procure instruments of this construction.  They also have lately imported a large quantity of German and French plates, and all the chemicals used in their art, which they warrant in every respect, as they are made to their order.  Polishing substances, and morocco cases, and all necessary materials, are sold on the most reasonable terms.  The following gentlemen have agreed to act as their agents, viz:—

E. White, 175 Broadway, N. Y. P. Haas, Esq., Washington, D. C. Dr. A. Caspari, Richmond, Va. P. Laurens, Esq., Savannah, Ga. William West, Esq., Cincinnati, Ohio.

All communications (post paid) and orders, accompanied with remittance, will be promptly attended to, and should be directed to W. & F. Langenheim, Exchange Building, Phila.

The second advertisement ran from October 17, 1843 to January 26, 1844.  Philadelphia Daguerreotype Establishment.  Exchange Building, Rooms 26 & 27.  The Subscribers, has received a large supply of Voigtander’s celebrated Daguerreotype Apparatus, large and small sizes, with achromatic lenses made according to Professor Petzval’s calculation.

Also a new supply of the best plates and chemicals, which he warrants good and sells at reduced prices.

The following gentlemen have agreed to act as their agents, viz:—

E. White, 175 Broadway, N. Y.  P. Haas, Esq., Washington, D. C.  Dr. A. Caspari, Richmond, Va.  S. Broadbent, Esq., for the Southern States.  William West, Esq., Cincinnati, Ohio.         

All communications (post paid) and orders, accompanied with remittance, will be promptly attended to, and should be directed to William Langenheim, Exchange Building, Phila.

William West is not recorded in other photographic directories.  William West is possibly a retailer of photographic supplies or a druggist but no other information has been found to date.

John Wenzen

1857                St. Anthony Street, Near the Post Office, St. Paul, Minnesota.

John Wenzen was recorded in one advertisement that was recorded on January 3, June 13 & August 8, 1857 in the Saint Paul Financial, Real Estate and Railroad Advertiser (St. Paul, Minnesota).  John Wenzen.  Ambrotypes And Photographs, taken in the latest style for from $1.00 to $1.15, at his Gallery, on St. Anthony st., near the Post Office, St. Paul.

John Wenzen is not recorded in other photographic directories.  Recorded in Pioneer Photographers From The Mississippi To The Continental Divide A Biographical Dictionary, 1839-1865,by Peter E. Palmquist and Thomas R. Kailbourn—John Wenzen this is probably the same person.


1853                Concert Hall, Frankfort, New York.

Wentworth of the partnership Payne and Wentworth appeared in one announcement on June 15, 1853 in the Herkimer County Democrat (Frankfort, New York).  Daguerreotypes.—Messrs. Payne & Wentworth have opened Concert Hall, in this village, as a Daguerrean Gallery.  Their specimens are very fine and those in want of a good picture, at a very low price, would do well to give them a call.

Wentworth is not recorded in other photographic directories as being active in Frankford, New York.  It is possible that this is Henry Wentworth.

Henry Wentworth

1855                Diefendorf Block opposite Sneck’s Hotel, Fort Plain, New York.

Henry Wentworth was recorded in one advertisement and one announcement.  The advertisement ran from March 21 to October 11, 1855 in the Mohawk Valley Register (Fort Plain, New York).  First Premium Daguerreotypes.  H. Wentworth & Co., Beg leave to inform their former patrons and the public that they have taken rooms in the Diefendorf block opposite Sneck’s Hotel.  They have fitted their rooms with Splendid Side and Sky Lights flatter themselves that as Daguerrean Artists, their pictures cannot be excelled.  Prices, from 25 cts., 50 cts., 75 cts., and $1 to $10 and $25.  All of which will be put in cases.         

The Best German Instrument Used.  H. Wentworth & Co.               

The announcement appeared on August 10, 1855 in The Freeman’s Journal (Cooperstown, New York).  Destructive Fire At Fort Plain.—A large fire occurred at Fort Point on Friday last, resulting in the entire loss of Diefendorf’s and Wieting’s blocks, and a part of Webster block.  The losses so far as ascertained areas follows:.. Second floor H. Wentworth daguerrean rooms.  Total loss.  Said to be about $500….

Webster Block.—…Hewitt’s Daguerrian rooms.  Part of stock saved in a damaged condition.  Loss $100; no insurance.

Henry Wentworth is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in 1859 in Fort Plain and possibly Sharon, New York, a distance of under twenty miles.  It is also unknown but possibly that Henry Wentworth is the same person in the partnership of Payne and Wentworth who were active in 1853 in Frankfort, New York, a distance of thirty six miles.

Frederick Augustus Wenderoth

1855                Address Unknown, St. Louis, Missouri

1855-1856       Rooms over Hicks’ China Hall, North side of public Square, Nashville,                             Tennessee.

Frederick Augustus Wenderoth of the firm Dodge & Wenderoth was recorded on one announcement in The Daily Nashville True Whig and five announcements and one advertisement in the Nashville Union and American.   The announcement in The Daily Nashville True Whig  (Nashville, Tennessee) appeared on September 29, 1855.  Photographic Miniature Portraits.—Art has achieved a signal triumph in the Introduction of crystalotype likenesses.  In the hands of competent artists, Photography is destined to supersede miniature painting on ivory altogether.  The process is simple and sure.  The likeness is first daguerreotyped on glass, and then transferred to a very fine paper, prepared especially for the purpose.  They are then colored to the life.  The likenesses thus taken has all the accuracy of a daguerreotype, and all the beauty and finish of a painting.  They are much larger than the ordinary miniature, and can be furnished at about one-fourth the cost of the latter.  We noticed that our old friend, J. W. Dodge, formerly of this city, and whose skill as a miniature painter is well known here, has been for some taking likenesses upon this plan.  He is associated with Mr. Augustus Wenderoth, one of the finest artist in the Country.  We have before us a highly complimentary notice of their pictures from the St. Louis Republican.

We are pleased to learn that Messrs. Dodge & Wenderoth will be in this city early October, and will open rooms for a short stay.—With the high reputation which Mr. D. enjoys here, and the acknowledge talent of his associate, there can be no doubt that they will find a lucrative patronage ready for them.

The first announcement in the Nashville Union and American (Nashville, Tennessee) appeared on December 23, 1855.  The Fine Arts—Photographic Miniature Portraits.—We take pleasure in calling the attention of our readers to the card of Messrs. Dodge & Wenderoth in this morning’s paper.  Mr. Dodge is well known in this community as an artist who has no superior in this country in his peculiar department—miniatures on Ivory.  Hundreds of his pictures are in the possession of persons in Nashville alone—and whoever has the likeness of a valued friend from his pencil has a “thing of beauty” which will certainly be “a joy forever.”  Mr. D. has associated with him Mr. Wenderoth, an artist of the highest accomplishment, as an examination of some of his specimens will abundantly satisfy anyone.  Together they will not only furnish our citizens with those inimitable miniatures on ivory—celebrated wherever known—but what will prove, we believe, even more acceptable, are to furnish Photographic Miniature Portraits—a style of picture which is destined to a very great extent to supersede all others.  They present at once the faithfulness and accuracy of the daguerreotype, together with the beauty, finish, naturalness and ease of an oil painting—which they in reality are, more than any thing else.  The photographic process transfers to paper the form and feature with unmistakable accuracy in the minutest particulars, while the delicate touch of the artist’s pencil—a pencil already famous even without this aid—brings out in bold and striking relief a counterfeit presentment of the subject, perfect almost beyond credulity.—This photographic process enables the artist to enlarge the size of their pictures, and to prepare them with less labor, as well as more accuracy, and consequently at a reduced cost.  We advise those of our readers who are fond of the beautiful in art, after giving the card of Messrs. Dodge & Wenderoth a reading, to call and examine some of their specimens, of which they have a few.  We can guarantee to the most matter-of-fact individual that he will find something in them to excite emotions of pleasure, and that he will at once resolve to have himself or some friend “done up” in their inimitable style.

The advertisement ran from December 23, 1855 to March 26, 1856.  To The Public.  A Card.  The undersigned would respectfully announce to his friends and the citizens of Nashville and vicinity, that he has returned to the city for the purpose of pursuing his profession, and that he has associated with him the talented Artist, Mr. F. Augustus Wenderoth, and he feels assured, from their success in another State, that their efforts in their profession cannot fail to be received with favor by the lovers of Art in Tennessee.  John W. Dodge.

The Fine Arts—Photographic Miniature Portraits.  Messrs. Dodge & Wenderoth would make known to the citizens generally, that they have taken Rooms over “Hicks’ China Hall,” North side of the Public Square, and are now prepared to execute (in addition to Miniatures on Ivory) the new Photographic Miniature Portraits.  These pictures are from Locket to Cabinet size, forming handsome ornaments for the Palor.  They possess the faithfulness of the mirror with the expression and coloring of life, and are Perfectly Permanent.

Painted Photographic copies of various sizes, taken of Daguerreotypes, when accompanied with a description of the complexion, color of the eyes, hair, dress, &c.  Specimens of the different styles, painted and plain, can be examine at their Studio.              

The second announcement appeared on February 15, 1856.  Photographs Of The Legislature.—Messrs. Dodge & Wenderoth, the distinguished artists, will take a Photographic view of the interior of the House of Representatives, with the members (and we presume their lady friends in the gallery,) this morning at 10 o’clock, if the day proves a favorable one.  If the day should be unfavorable, the picture will be taken on the first bright day following, at the same hour.  The interior of the Senate chamber will be taken on the day after that of the House, at the same hour, if the weather is fair.

The third announcement appeared on February 16, 1856.  Interior View Of The Hall.  Mr. Parks submitted a resolution which had just been put into his hands, inviting Messrs. Dodge & Wenderoth, Photographic Artists, (conformably to their application,) to take a Photographic Miniature of the House of Representatives at any time it may suit their convenience, and requesting the Door-keepers to extend to them the necessary freedom of the Hall and facilities for that object: and he moved that the rule be suspended for its consideration.

And, accordingly, the rule was suspended, and the resolution was adopted….

The Speaker read to the House a communication from Dodge, the Photographic Artists, stating that he would be prepared to take his interior view of the Hall to morrow (Friday) morning at 10 o’clock, if it should be a fair day; and, if not, on the first fair day following, at the same hour….

The fourth announcement appeared on May 16, 1856.  Photographic Miniature Portraits.  The studio of our friends, Messrs. Dodge & Wenderoth, over Hicks’ China Hall, north side of the square, has become the very general resort of that large class of our citizens of both sexes so justly celebrated for their high appreciation and liberal patronage of every thing truly excellent in the fine arts.  The reputation of Nr, Dodge alone as a miniature painter on ivory, in this city, where he has been so long and so favorably known, is of itself sufficient to attract all connoisseurs.  But there are other no less important features connected with his studio.  The introduction of the new style of pictures, known as Photographic Miniature Portraits, proves a most successful card.  These pictures, when painted, possess all the beauty of the ivory miniature, and, in addition, all the accurateness of outline and feature of the daguerreotype.  Besides they have the advantage in point of size, and are less expense in proportion.  Mr. Wenderoth is himself one of the most accomplished miniature painters in the country, as the specimens of his workmanship abundantly prove.  In the art of Photographing he is entirely au fait, and with his superior apparatus can exhibit pictures equal, if not superior, to any ever taken in this or any other country.

Mr. Dodge has recently returned from a visit to his family in the mountains, and is prepared, in connection with Mr. W., to attend to all orders.  Photographic Miniature Portraits can be readily taken from Daguerreotypes or Portraits.  We recommend those who wish to see something really superior to visit the studio of Dodge & Wenderoth.

The fifth announcement appeared on August 2, 1856.  Bank of Tennessee—Counter Notice.—We saw yesterday some specimens, of a new issue of the Bank of Tennessee, of the denomination of ten dollars, issued in lieu of their red brick tens, which have been withdrawn.  These notes are payable at the counter of the Bank here, and are being put in circulation in this city.  As specimens of Bank note engraving, they are equal, if not superior to any thing we have ever seen.  The face of the bill in on a yellow ground, and presents fine miniatures of Jackson, Polk, and Hon. Cave Johnson, President—the first two taken from J. W. Dodge’s Ivory Miniatures, and the latter from a Photographic Miniature by Dodge & Wenderoth….

Frederick Augustus Wenderoth is not recorded in other photographic directories as being active in Nashville, Tennessee or in St. Louis, Missouri.  Craig’s Daguerreian Registry does list a Frederick A. Wenderoth in Philadelphia in 1858-1860 he also list an August Wenderoth in San Francisco California and Charleston, South Carolina, it is unknow if they are the same person.

H. Wendell

1857                Address Unknown, Amsterdam, New York.

H. Wendell appeared in one announcement on January 29, 1857 in the Mohawk Valley Register  (Fort Plain, New York).  …Mr. Allen, (in connection with H. Wendell of Amsterdam) has secured the Exclusive Right of Mont. County, for the manufacture of Cutting’s Patent Ambrotypes,…

H. Wendell is not recorded in other photographic directories as being active in Amsterdam, New York.  It is possible H. Wendell is Harvey Wendell who was active in Albany, New York from 1857-1859.   

Conrad Wenck

1852                Address Unknown, Northumberland, Pennsylvania.

Conrad Wenck was recorded in one announcement that appeared on  October 30, 1852 in the  Sunbury American (Sunbury, Pennsylvania).  Agricultural Fair.  The Annual Fair of the Northumberland County Agricultura Society, came off at the borough of Northumberland on Thursday and Friday October 7th and 8th…

On Miscellaneous Articles.  This Committee regret very much the inability of the Society, on account of the lowness of the fee of membership to award prizes in proportion to the merits of the articles exhibited…

For some excellent Daguerreotypes by Conrad Wenck, North’d  .50

Conrad Wenck is not recorded in other photographic directories.

Welton & Townsend

1843                42 Beaver Street, New York, New York.

Welton & Townsend (Joseph C. Welton & Benjamin C. Townsend) were recorded in one advertisement in The New York Herald (New York, New York) and two New York City Directories 1842/1843 and 1843/1844.  The advertisement ran from April 20 to 26, 1843. Daguerreotype Plates.  “Scovills” first quality plates, pronounced by the first operators in this country, to be superior to any imported plates, for sale by their agents, Welton & Townsend, 42 Beaver street.                                                                                                                       

1842/1843 New York City Directory recorded the partnership in the directory as Buttons 42 Beaver in partnership as Welton & Townsend.

1843/1844 New York City Directory recorded the partnership as Welton & Townsend 5 William.

Welton & Townsend are not recorded in other photographic directories.

Wells, Miller & Co.

1857-1858       148 & 149 Church Street, Burlington, Vermont.                  

Wells, Miller & Company (Charles Miller) were recorded in two announcements and four advertisements in the Burlington Free Press (Burlington, Vermont).  The first announcement appeared on October 9, 1857.  Chittenden County Fair…Works of Art…Wells, Miller and Co., Burlington—exhibited photographs, plain and touched in oils; Sphereotypes, and ambrotypes—all of high order.  These gentlemen are the successor of Mr. Parker, in the establishment on Church St.  Their pictures indicated both skill of the artist, and the improvement which is constantly going on in photographic art.

The first advertisement ran from October 16 to November 13, 1857.  Patent Sphereotypes, Patent Ambrotypes, Photographs. The only picture that will stand, Exclusive Rights, By Wells, Miller & Co.  Successor to T. M. Parker, 148 & 149 Church St., Burlington.

The second announcement appeared on January 8, 1858.  Holiday Presents.  If you wish to give a friend or relative a really appropriate Christmas or New Year’s Present, which cannot fail to be acceptable, go to Wells, Miller & Co.’s. on Church Street, and get one of the new patent Sphereotypes.

For Two Weeks prices of pictures will be low to accommodate all.

The second advertisement ran from March 19 to August 20, 1858.  Wells, Miller & Co., Would Call The Attention of Persons wishing accurate, durable and desirable likenesses, to the various styles of pictures taken by them at their Daguerrian Rooms and Portrait Gallery, Church Street, Burlington, Vermont.

Among which are Photographs, Sphereotypes, Ambrotypes, Melanotypes, Lettergraphs, &c.  Our Plain Photographs by an improved process we claim to be unsurpassed by any taken anywhere,—New York and Boston not excepted.  We furnish them also, beautifully finished in Oil, or India Ink, making the most beautiful and satisfactory likenesses known to art; and when several copies are desired, the cheapest pictures taken. 

Our Sphereotypes and patent Ambrotypes are unequalled.  We challenge comparison with them the Lettergraph is a picture taken on prepared cloth, of small size, very cheap, and very convenient for sending in a letter. 

The Public are desired to Take Particular Notice that we Own the Rights for Chittenden County, of the Sphereotype and Patent Ambrotype.—None are genuine without the Patent Mark.  People are cautioned against being humbugged by transient and irresponsible individuals into the purchase of pictures, which inferior at first, are sure to fade and become effaced by time. Our Ambrotypes and Sphereotypes are literally indestructible, except by violence or fire.

We pay particular attention to Pictures Of Children.  Infant’s likenesses taken in one second.  Bring the children along; we can take them; it is a sure thing with us.

We have the best rooms and the largest collection of specimens of our art in this State, and invite the Public generally to give us a call.  Wells, Miller & Co., Church st., Burlington, Vt.      

The third advertisement ran from July 2 to 30, 1858.  Where Did You Get That Picture?  Up At Wells, Miller & Co.’s.  The only pictures made on glass which are durable, are the patent Sphereotype and Patent Ambrotype.

Remember that, by using these Patents, we are able to make a much more prominent, brilliant and better picture, every way, and, as we say, the only Durable Picture; in saying so, we say what we know, as we have tested them to our entire satisfaction.  Wells, Miller & Co. have the exclusive right to use these Patents in this town and vicinity, and if any persons tell you that they make the Sphereotype or Ambrotype, they say what is not true.  And, of course, we shall not allow any one to infringe on them.  The Improved Ambrotype, so called, is worth but very little, and those who purchase them, will soon find out the fact.  They can be made cheap and will not last long; but if any person wishes to have such Pictures, we will make all they may want for 50 cents each.

Photographs made as well by any one in the country—colored in oil or touched with India Ink.

We have competent Copying Apparatus, for copying from small up to any size desired; we can copy up and color to nature, old and dim pictures which will soon be worthless, so that you can see your departed friends in life, as it were.

These Pictures Are As Permanent As Oil Portraits.

Please call at our Rooms, 146½ Church St., Burlington, and examine specimens.  Wells, Miller & Co.  Burlington, May 12, 1858

The fourth advertisement ran from August 20 to October 1, 1858.  Chittenden County Picture Gallery.  Wells, Miller & Co. [Successor to T. M. Parker.] Patent Sphereotype, Patent Ambrotypes, Melainotypes, Lettergraphs, Photographs. Plain, In Oil or India Ink.  Pictures made as cheap as in any place in Vermont, and Far Better,

Please remember the place 147½ Church Street, Burlington, Vt.  Burlington, May 17, 1858.

Wells, Miller & Co. do not appear in other photographic directories.  Charles Miller is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in Burlington in 1859-1860 (+).  Wells is unknown at this time.  One can speculate that it is Jeremiah D. Wells who was active in Northampton, Massachusetts, Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, Brattleboro Vermont, (which is over 150 miles away from Burlington) and possibly Port Jervis, New York.