Tag Archives: Charles E. Johnson

Auguste Edouart

1844-1845       285 Broadway, New York, New York.

Auguste Edouart  is a known Silhouettist was recorded in two advertisements and one announcement in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  The first advertisement appeared on December 7, 1844. The Room Of An Artist.  The other day, we looked into the rooms of Mons. Edouart, 285 Broadway, to examine his large collection of silhouette likenesses.  It comprises an immense number of distinguished men and women, of various nations, all of them with their autographs, and date of the likeness.  Most of them were taken at their own residences, surrounded by their customary implements of employment or amusement.  There is Sir Walter Scott, in a pleasant room of Abbotsford, looking out upon the Frith of Forth; Hannah More at her own writing table; George Combe, with casts around him, and a skull in his hand; Paganini with his violin; Edward Irving in his pulpit, in various aspects of his impassioned gesture, &c.  This collection comprises 150,000 individuals, of whom 25,000 are Americans.  Among them we observed a variety of public characters—J. C. Adams, John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay, Catherine M. Sedgwick, &c.

No one, who has any eye for art, can for a moment confound Mons. Edouart’s cuttings with common shadow likenesses or profiles.  There is all the difference between the two that there is between the scraping of a fiddle for a village dance, and the violin played by a master’s hand.  His likenesses are not only invariably accurate, but they are full of life, spirit, and expression.  Some of them seem actually to laugh, and talk, and think.  His imitations of various animals in hair-work are wonderfully perfect and life-like.  Hours might be spent pleasantly in examining the treasures of this room, the admission to which is free.

Those who wish to see this very curious collection, and avail themselves of the uncommon talent of the artist, will do well to call soon, as he intends to depart for Europe before long.

The second advertisement ran from February 10 to 15, 1845 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  No. 285 Broadway, Near Granite Buildings.  Monsieur Edouart, Silhouttist of the French and English Royal Families, respectfully informs the public that he has returned to New York, after a tour of four years through all the principal cities of the United States.  He brings with him a valuable collection of Likenesses of distinguished characters in the Church, State, Navy, Army, Literature, Science and Art.  His American amounts to 25,000, and his European to 125,000; all with their autographs appended.  This highly interesting collection is exhibited at his rooms, where there is free admission at all hours of the day.

Mr. E. continues to take single Likenesses or Family Groups, the accuracy of which are too  well known to the public to require the abundant and flattering testimonials that could easily be furnished.

Duplicates of the likenesses in his collection to be had, and families attended at their own residences, if requested.  Being about to leave this country for Europe, he invites his friends and the public generally to call as early as possible.

Likewise, Daguerreotype Likenesses taken from nature, Portraits and miniatures: copies of the Silhouette Family Group.

The announcement appeared on July 18, 1846 in the New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  Saratoga—Art, Life, &c.  Correspondent of The Tribune.  Saratoga Springs, July 16, 1846….While writing about works of art, I would mention Mr. Johnson, The daguerreotype artist, and Mons. Edouart, the Silhouetteist, who are well known to old visitants here, having been here for several seasons.  They are both great artists in their way, and attract many visitors to their rooms, and even those loiterers who just stroll into their rooms to pass an idle moment by viewing their pictures, are many of them induced to get their own likenesses taken….

Auguste Edouart is not listed in other photographic directories.  Alexander Edouart is recorded in other photographic directories and was a portrait and landscape painter and photographer, active in New York City and San Francisco, California.  Alexander Edouart is the son of Auguste Edouart.  It is unknown if Auguste Edouart took daguerreotypes in Saratoga Spring, New York.

Johnson & Schuyler

 

The speculation that Johnson and Schuyler on Aurora Street in Ithaca, New York are daguerreotypist is based on an advertisement for [Charles G.] Bartholomew in the Ithaca Journal and Advertiser dated April 11, 1849, Vol. XXXIII, No. 44, Whole No. 1,651, P. 3. Also cited in the Daguerreian Annual, 1993 and in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry. I believe that they are not daguerreotypist based on the research below.

Don’t Read This. Mr. Bartholomew would respectfully announce to the citizens of Ithaca, that he has taken the room formerly occupied by Johnson & Schuyler, on Aurora St., for taking Daguerreotype Likenesses, Single or in groups up to 12 upon the latest Paris and London improvements, which does away with that blue, dark, inanimate, fading appearance to pictures; like ivory painting, with a Light, Soft, Florid Tone as in nature. He finishes all his miniatures with the Electro Gilding, (and the enameled back ground if desired) which will last for ages without fading; and put them up in the most beautiful and splendid French style, never before introduced in this village….

There has also been speculation that The Johnson in the partnership is possibly Charles E. Johnson. Johnson has been found in a variety of locations in New York including New York City, Binghamton, Saratoga, and he was also in Ithaca. Advertisements have also been found that place him in Louisiana and in Cleveland, Ohio in 1849. Following is the complete advertisement from the Ithaca Journal & General Advertiser, dated April 8, 1846, Vol. XXX, No. 40, Whole No. 1,495, P. 3. The advertisement ran from April 8 to 29, 1846.

Johnson’s Photographic Gallery. Mr. Johnson, late of Plumbe’s Daguerrean Gallery, New York has the honor to announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen of Ithaca that his rooms are now open for the reception of visitors, in the north wing of the Clinton House—entrance one door south of A. Sherrill’s office. Mr. J.’s pictures are universally admired, for their brilliancy, beauty of finish and life-like appearance, and he warrants them imperishable.

As his stay will be short, he respectfully desires his friends to call soon—if for nothing but to examine his pictures, of which he has a large collection.

Persons possessing inferior pictures can have them exchanged at a very moderate charge.
Pictures taken equally well in clear or cloudy weather.
Instructions in the art, with apparatus furnished on reasonable terms.
Rooms open from 8 A. M., to 5 P. M. Ithaca, March 17, 1846.

In the advertisement there is no mention of a partner, and he will only be in town a short while.
Also of note is the statement that he is late of Plumbe’s Gallery, New York, this helps with putting together a time line of his activities.

To further complicate matters advertisements for G. W. Schuyler selling daguerreotype materials have been found on April 25, 1849. George W. Schuyler is a druggist who is selling a variety of materials at 42 Owego Street. On October 20, 1852 J. V. R Schuyler opens daguerrean rooms above 42 Owego Street.
It’s not until a more thorough search of the newspapers uncovers the true partnership. On September 8, 1847 published in the Ithaca Journal and Advertiser, Vol. XXXII, No. 10, Whole No. 1,568, P. 1, the mystery starts to unravel.

M. C. Riggs, Attorney At Law, Office with Johnson & Schuyler, Aurora Street, Ithaca.

On October 13, 1847 in the Ithaca Journal and Advertiser, Vol. XXXII, No. 15, Whole No. 1,573, P. 1.

Law Partnership. The undersigned have formed a co-partnership in the practice of Law.
Office between the Hotel and Thompson House, Aurora Street, No. 27. Upstairs.
Johnson, Schuyler & Riggs. Ben Johnson; Anthony Schuyler; Marcus C. Riggs.

A further advertisements dated April 1, 1848 announce that the partnership has been dissolved by the death of Ben Johnson.