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Joseph S. Lamson

1846                State Street Chapel, (Old Court House), Augusta, Maine.

1847                Rooms over T. C. Noble’s Store, Augusta, Maine.

Joseph S. Lamson was recorded in five advertisements and four announcements.  The first advertisement ran from March 5 to April 2, 1846 in the Main Farmer (Augusta, Maine).  J. S. Lamson’s Daguerreotype and Miniature Rooms In State St. Chapel, Opposite Mansion House, Where he will remain for a short time, and take Daguerreotype Pictures in the most perfect style that the art can produce, at all times of the day—either single or in groups—plain or colored—without regard to the weather, by calling as above.

Mr. L. will take likenesses of sick people at their residences, if desired, by leaving their address at his rooms.

The public are respectfully invited to call and examine specimens.

 Price of Miniatures, including Case, from $2 to $5.00  Joseph S. Lamson.  Augusta.

The first announcement appeared on March 12, 1846 in the Maine Farmer.  Lamson’s Daguerreotype Rooms.—Those who wish to have an exact fac simile of themselves taken, or wish to examine the interesting process of taking Daguerreotype Miniatures, would do well to visit Mr. Lamson at his rooms in the old Court House, opposite the Mansion House, State Street.

Mr. Lamson is a young but skillful artist, and intends making a permanent stand among us.—Our friends will find specimens of this art at the rooms, and many old familiar faces can be seen there, looking as natural as life.

We commend Mr. L. to your patronage.—He will take you “solitary and alone,” or group you in with your family, or some other good company.

The second announcement appeared on March 14, 1846 in the Gospel Banner (Augusta, Maine). 

Daguerreotype Miniatures.  Our townsman, Mr. J. S. Lamson, has taken rooms in the State st. Chapel, for the purpose of supplying our people with Daguerreotype likenesses.  We have examined numerous specimens of his work, and think them the most perfect “counterfeit presentments” of the human “face divine” we have ever seen.  The rigid ghastliness that formerly characterized this kind of pictures is now entirely obviated by an improved process, and a most lifelike miniature is produced, marvelous (sp.) alike for its naturalness and faithfulness to the originals.

The second advertisement ran ten times between March 14 to August 22, 1846 in the Gospel Banner.  J. S. Lamson’s Daguerreotype and Miniature Rooms In State St. Chapel, Opposite Mansion House, Where he will remain for a short time, and take Daguerreotype Pictures in the most perfect style that the art can produce, at all times of the day—either single or in groups—plain or colored—without regard to the weather, by calling as above.

Mr. L. will take likenesses of sick people at their residences, if desired, by leaving their addresses at his rooms.

The public are respectfully invited to call and examine specimens.

Prices of miniatures, including cases, from $2 to $5.  Augusta, March 4, 1846.

The third announcement appeared on April 25, 1846 in the Gospel Banner.  Daguerreotyping.  Mr. J. S. Lamson of this town is now on a flying professional visit to Waterville.  We commend him to the notice of our friends there as the best and most successful Daguerreotypist we have ever known.

The third advertisement was recorded on May 28, 1846. In the Kennebec Journal (Augusta, Maine).  Daguerreotype Miniatures.  The subscriber has taken Rooms (in State Street Chapel, opposite the Mansion House,) formerly occupied by Mr. Cannon, and is prepared to take Daguerreotype Miniatures in the most perfect style that the Art can produce, at all times of the day—either single or in groups—plain or colored—without regard to the weather.  He will take likenesses of sick people at their residences, if desired.

The public are respectfully invited to call and examine specimens.

Price of Miniatures, including Case, from $2 to $5.00  Joseph S. Lamson.  Augusta, March 5, 1846.

The fourth announcement appeared on July 16, 1846 in the Maine Farmer.  On His Legs Again. Our friend and townsman, J. S. Lamson, we are happy to state, is on his legs again.—i. e. so far recovered from his late illness as to be able to resume operations at his Daguerreotype Rooms, in the basement story of the Baptist Church, opposite the Mansion House.  Mr. Lamson, as everybody knows in these parts, is a very successful artist.

The fourth advertisement ran from May 14 to July 30, 1847 in The Age. Daguerreotype–Removal. J. S. Lamson has removed to the room over the store of T. C. Noble.

The fifth advertisement ran from May 20 to July 8, 1847 in the Maine Farmer.  Daguerreotype—Removal.  J. S. Lamson has removed to the room over the store of T. C. Noble.

Joseph S. Lamson is not recorded in other photographic directories.

Lamartine & Sullivan

1852                Boat near the Wharf, Pomeroy, Ohio.

1852                Boat at the Steamboat Landing, Gallipolis, Ohio.

1854                Boat at the Wharf, Pomeroy, Ohio.

Lamartine & Sullivan were recorded in six announcements and one advertisement. The first announcement appeared on June 17, 1852 in the Meigs County Telegraph (Pomeroy, Ohio).  Daguerreotype Yacht.—Messrs. Lamartine & Sullivan inform the public through our paper to-day where they can obtain daguerreotype likenesses of the very first quality for tone and finish.  We have examined their specimens, and have seldom seen them equaled.

The advertisement ran from June 17 to July 22, 1852 in the Meigs County Telegraph (Pomeroy, Ohio).  Daguerreotype Yacht!  Lamartine & Sullivan’s boat is now lying at Pomeroy, near the wharf boat, where they intend to remain a few days.  They solicit the patronage of the inhabitants.  Their instruments are of the best kind.  The arrangement for light is so adapted that they can take pictures in all kinds of weather.  Those who are desirous of having good Miniatures, can now have an opportunity of getting the best kind.  Family groups taken.  Infants can be taken in a few seconds.  Specimens can be seen at the Post Office and on the boat.

The second announcement appeared on August 19, 1852 in the Gallipolis Journal (Gallipolis, Ohio).  Daguerreotyping.  Messrs. Lamartine & Sullivan would respectfully announce to the Ladies and Gentlemen of the place and vicinity that their Yacht is now lying at the steamboat landing prepared to do all kinds of Daguerreotyping, from the smallest size fine rings up to the largest size fine frame and cases.  Family groups of any number neatly taken and put up in good style.  Please give us a call soon, our stay will be very short.  Pictures taken in all kinds of weather.                                     

The third announcement appeared on August 26, 1852 in the Gallipolis Journal.  Call at the yacht and have your likeness taken.  Messrs. Lamartine & Sullivan are taking the best and cheapest likenesses ever taken in this place.

The fourth announcement appeared on September 2, 1852 in the Gallipolis Journal. Daguerreotypes.—Messrs. Lamartine & Sullivan, with their Yacht, designed remaining at our landing one week longer, in order to give all a chance of procuring a good likeness.  They certainly do up the thing in approved style.  We advise all to improve this opportunity of “securing the shadow ere the substance fades.”

The fifth announcement appeared on September 9, 1852 in the Gallipolis Journal.  The Daguerreotype Yacht will remain at the wharf a few days longer.  Our citizens have found out that Lamartine is some at the business and have so crowded him of late that he has been induced to remain longer than he had previously advertised for.  Don’t miss the chance.

The sixth announcement appeared on July 25, 1854 in the Meigs County Telegraph (Pomeroy, Ohio).  Daguerreotypes.—Those who wish to preserve likenesses of themselves or friends, do not lack opportunity.  Lamartine is at our landing with his Yacht.  Handbills on the corners announce the fact that a couple of Itinerants have taken rooms over Branch’s store, and we are assured, by letter, that Messrs. Moore & Gilbert will be here next week with their Daguerrean Yacht.

Of the relative merits of the two first named we cannot speak—having never examined their work.  But if our friends are in no hurry, we can promise them something rich when Moore & Gilbert arrive.  During our recent absence, we visited them, and more recently they have sent us some specimens of their work, which may be seen by calling at our office.  We pronounce them good.  We think, therefore, our friends will lose nothing by waiting a few days.

Lamartine & Sullivan are recorded in Ohio Photographers 1839-1900 and Craig’s Daguerreian Registry, both record them as being active in 1851 on the Muskingum River.  The Muskingum River is a tributary of the Ohio River approximately 111 Miles long. During the nineteenth century it was an important commercial route. Both Pomeroy and Gallipolis are on the Ohio River.

Towns on the Muskingum River include Zanesville; South Zanesville; Duncan Falls; Philo; Gaysport; Blue Rock; Malta; McConnelsville; Stockport; Beverly; Waterford; Coal Run; Lowell; Rainbow; Alden; Devola and Marietta.

Lake & Marsh

1855                Over Fresco Hall, Warren, Ohio.

Lake & Marsh were recorded in one announcement and one advertisement in the Western Reserve Chronicle (Waren, Ohio). The announcement appeared on June 27, 1855.–Messrs. Lake & Harsh (sic.), on the second floor of the same building, are taking good Daguerreotype pictures.

The advertisement ran from June 27 to Nov 7, 1855.  A Change.—Something New And Interesting To The Public—The old Rooms formerly occupied by H. W. Holloway together with the entire stock and interest of same, having been purchased by Lake & Marsh, experienced Daguerreotypists, they are now prepared to execute work in the best style of the art.

Having a large amount of Stock, and Cases of all kinds and sizes, they flatter themselves that they can give entire satisfaction to all who may favor them with their patronage.

No Pictures will be sold unless they are positively good ones.

Come old, come young, come great and small,

To the Daguerrean Rooms over “Fresco Hall.” 

Lake & Marsh are not recorded in other photographic directories as being in a partnership in Warren, Ohio.  While their first names are not recorded in the announcement and advertisement another ad ran from December 19, 1855 to March 26, 1856 that identifies Marsh as H. A. Marsh.

Speculation suggest that Lake is C. L. Lake who was first active in 1853 in Mason, Ohio and from 1853 to 1854 in Nelson, Ohio is about fourteen miles away from Warren, Ohio.  Both C. L. Lake and H. A. Marsh are recorded separately in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry and in Ohio Photographers 1839-1900.

Professor Laine

1855                165 Eighth Avenue, New York, New York.

Professor Laine was mentioned in an advertisement that appeared on September 2, 1855 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  Photograph’s—Plain or Colored, by Huylar, 165 Eighth avenue, having fitted up this gallery in connection with our daguerreotype business, we would be happy to have our friends give us a call.  E. Huylar, first operator; Professors Leine and Hunt assistants.

Professor Laine is not recorded in other photographic directories.  In a search of the New York City Directories for 1854/1855; 1855/1856 and the 1856/1857 no additional information was found to help identify who Professor Laine was.

Albert D. Lacy

1855                Saginaw Street, Flint, Michigan.

Albert D. Lacy was recorded in one announcement in The New York Herald (New York, New York) on October 2, 1855.  Fire at Flint, Michigan.  We have a telegraphic notice of the fire at Flint, Genesee county, Michigan, of Monday last.  The following particulars we take from the papers of that place:—

On  Monday evening, between 8 and 9 o’clock, our flourishing city was visited by the calamity of another of those awful fires whose ravages made a clean sweep from the corner of J. B. Walker & Co., on Saginaw street, to that of Dr. Moon, notwithstanding the almost super-human efforts to stay its progress.  It is impossible to state yet, with accuracy, the precise loss  of the sufferers, but below will be found as near an estimate as we have yet been able to arrive at after careful inquiry.  Fortunately there was time afforded, in the majority of cases, to remove the goods from the stores before the fire reached them.  It originated in the daguerrean rooms of Mr. Lacy, but in what manner is not known, as the rooms were locked at the time….

A. D. Lacy, daguerrean and dentist’s office–$300, No Insurance…

D. S. Frary, daguerrean rooms—$200.  No insurance.  

Albert D. Lacy is recorded in other photographic directories.  Craig’s Daguerreian Registry list him in 1855 without a business address.  David V. Tinder’s online Directory of Early Michigan Photographers also list him in Saginaw, Michigan as an ambrotypist in 1862-1863 and a photographer in 1853-1865.  David also reports that at various times in his career he was a dentist, a jeweler, a watchmaker and saloon keeper.

Peter Kohlbeck

1856-1858       229 Bowery.

New York City Directories

1855/1856—Painter—h-118 St. Mark’s Place.

1856/1857–Not Listed.

1857/1858—Ambrotypist—h-229 Bowery.

1858/1859—Ambrotypist, 229 Bowery.

1859/1860—Portraits, 229 Bowery.

1860/1861—Artist, 229 Bowery.

Peter Kohlbeck was recorded in one announcement and one entry in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary Of Artist In America 1564-1860.  The announcementappeared on November 4, 1856 in the New York Tribune (New York, New York).  Fire In The Bowery.  Yesterday morning about 4 o’clock a fire broke out in the rear part of the second story of building No. 229 Bowery, known as the German American Hall, and before the fireman could subdue the flames the upper stories with most of their contents were destroyed.  The Fire extended to a carpenter shop in the rear, occupied by James M. Duff.  The basement of the front building was occupied by Otto Strum as a large beer saloon; first and second floors by Ernst Hanbold as a large-beer saloon and concert room; third floor by Peter Kohlbeck, daguerreotypist.  Loss of Mr. Duff, $[100]; no insurance.  Loss of Mr. Hanbold, $2,000; insured for $2,000 in the Pacific Insurance Company.  Loss of Mr. Kohlbeck, $400; insured for $1,000 in the Rutgers Insurance Company…  The fire is supposed to have been the work of design, as a man was seen to come out of the building and lock the door shortly before the fire was discovered.  The matter will be investigated by the Fire Marshal.

The entry appeared in The New York Historical Society’s Dictionary Of Artist In America 1564-1860.  Kohlbeck, Peter.  Portrait painter on NYC.  He was painting portraits in the latter half of the 1850’s, then turned to taking ambrotypes and photographs.  he was active until 1878.   nybd 1856-61; NYCD 1860-78.

Peter Kohlbeck is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active 1858-1859.

Conrad Koehler

1858                236 Houston Street, New York, New York.[1]

1859                236 Houston Street, New York, New York.

Conrad Koehler (or Kohler)was recorded in two announcements.  The first appeared on April 19, 1859 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  Coroners’ Inquest Yesterday.  Melancholy Case Of Suicide.—Conrad Koehler, a daguerreotypist, doing business at No. 236 Huston street, committed suicide on Sunday afternoon by taking cyanide of potash, under the following circumstances:—On the afternoon in question two ladies called at the deceased’s saloon and requested that he would take their likenesses.  One of the ladies, on being shown her daguerreotype, said it was an imperfect likeness, and refused to take it.  Deceased seemed somewhat annoyed about the matter, and wished they would call again the following day, when he would make an effort to please them.  The ladies then prepared to take their leave, and were arranging their toilet in the reception room when they heard a loud noise in the adjoining apartment.  On looking around they were shocked to see the artist lying upon the floor, apparently in the last agonies of death.  The alarm was promptly raised and every effort made to save the life of deceased, but without effect.  Deceased never spoke after he fell upon the floor.  Coroner Jackman held an inquest upon the body of deceased yesterday, when the evidence of Mrs. Koehler, explanatory of the sudden death of her husband, was adduced, as follows:—

Maria Koehler, residing at No. 236 Houston street, being duly sworn, deposes and says—Deceased was my husband; he was a daguerreotypist by profession; on Sunday I bought three cents worth of cyanide of potash, a drug which the deceased was in a habit of using in the process of taking likenesses; this was about three o’clock in the afternoon; as soon as I gave him the drug he took it and ate some of it.; I asked him “in the name of Heaven” what he did that for; he made no reply, but asked for some water; he immediately went to the water pipe and turning the faucet, put his mouth under it; as soon as I saw this transaction I informed the ladies who were in the reception room having their likenesses taken that they would have to call again, as the apparatus was broken; when I returned to the operating room my husband staggered and fell across the doorway; I asked him to speak to me, but he was unable to do so, and stared wildly at me; he never spoke afterwards; my husband held a very respectable position in Germany; he was a postmaster in the city of Bensheim Hesse Darmstadt; I have three children now living; I can assign no cause for the commission of the rash act.

John Fergnson, M. D., deposed that he made a post mortem examination of the body of deceased; the stomach was intensely congested, and its mucous membrane was softened and corroded, and easily removed with the handle of the scalpel.  The stomach smelled strongly of cyanide of potash; death was caused from the poisonous effects of the drug in question.

The jury in this case rendered a verdict of “death by suicide.”  Deceased was Forty-one years of age, and had been a resident of the United States for the past eighteen months.

The second announcement appeared on April 22, 1859 in The Daily Press (Cincinnati, Ohio).   

Suicide.—On Sunday afternoon two ladies called at the Daguerrean saloon of Conrad Koehler, Houston Street, New York, and had their likeness taken.  One of the ladies objected to her likenesses as not being accurate, and he requested her to call on Monday.  He then went into an adjoining room, and while the ladies were arranging their toilet they heard a fall as of a heavy body, and on looking into the room they saw the unfortunate Koehler lying in the agonies of death.  On the inquest, Koehler’s widow deposed that on Tuesday afternoon she purchased for her husband three cents worth of Cyanide of potash, a drug used by him in his art; as soon as he got it he art some of it, when she exclaimed “What did you do that for?”  Mrs.  Koehler then told the ladies her husband was not well, but before they left the saloon he fell as above described.  She could not assign any cause for the desperate act.  Koehler, who has been about eighteen months in this country, was post-master for a long time in the city of Bensheim, Hesse Darmstadt.

Conrad Koehler is listed in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry under Conrad Kohler as being active in 1858-1859.


[1] Craig’s Daguerreian Registry.

William R. Knapp

1843                263 Grand Street, Columbia Hall, New York, New York.

1845-1854       103 Bowery, New York, New York.

1851-1855       559 Broadway, near Prince Street, New York, New York.

1855-1856       477 Broadway, New York. New York.

1857                43 Fulton Street, Brooklyn, New York.

1857                103 Bowery, New York, New York.

1858                469 Broadway, New York, New York.

1860                398 Bowery, New York, New York.

New York City Directories

1838/1839—engineer—88 Lewis.

1839/1840—engineer—88 Lewis..

1840/1841—engineer—88 Lewis—h-70 Lewis.

1841/1842—gunsmith—50½ Houston—h-18  ave. D.

1842/1843—gunsmith—50½ [Houston]—h-55 Houston.

1843/1844—gunsmith—302 Rivington.

1844/1845—gunsmith–302 Rivington.

1845/1846—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-302 Rivington.

1846/1847—daguerrian—103 Bowery.

1847/1848—daguerreotype—103 Bowery & 226 Bleeker—h558 Fourth.

1848/1849—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-558 Fourth.

1849/1850—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-644 Fourth.

1850/1851—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-644 Fourth.

1851/1852—daguerreotype—103 Bowery—h-188 E. 19th.

1852/1853—daguerrean—103 Bowery & 559 Broadway—h-188 E. 19th.

1853/1854—daguerreian—103 Bowery & 559 Broadway—h-188 E. 19th.

1854/1855—daguerrean—559 Broadway—h-180 E. 19th.

1855/1856—daguerreian—477 Broadway—h-75 E. 40th.

1856/1857—daguerreotypist—477 Broadway—h-75 E. 40th.

1857/1858—not listed.

1858/1859—daguerreotypes-469 Broadway—h 145 E. 32d.

1859/1860—no occupation listed—h-145 E. 32d.

1860/1861—photographs—398 Bowery—h-142 E. 33d.

1861/1862—not listed.

1862/1863—not listed.

William R. Knapp is recorded in one advertisement that ran from October 21 to November 2, 1843 in the  New York Daily Tribune (New York, New York).  Daguerreotype Miniatures are taken in a superior style by Wm. R. Knapp, at Columbian Hall, No. 263 Grand street, with all the latest improvements, including color.  Persons wanting a correct likeness of themselves or friends are respectfully solicited to call and examine specimens.  Pictures are taken in cloudy, stormy and fair weather.  Prices including case, from $1.50 to $4.  Hours from 8 A. M. until 4 P. M.                                                                                          

William R. Knapp is recorded in other photographic directories.  But is included here in part with new information.  The activity dates are derived from the city directories and newspaper accounts of over 30 typed pages that have not been included in the blog.  

William Kirk

1857    Reporter Building, Dover, Delaware.

William Kirk was recorded in one advertisement that ran from January 2 to March 27, 1857 in the Delaware State Reporter (Dover, Delaware).  Daguerreotypes.  A Card.—To The Public. The undersigned, having purchased the entire stock and fixtures of the Daguerrean establishment of H.P. Weaver, will continue the business at the same rooms in the Reporter building.  His pictures are guaranteed to be equal, if not superior, to those taken by the best artists in the country.  Particular attention is invited to a new assortment of elegant cases, of the latest styles and richest designs, suitable as gifts for any occasion.  Call and examine them.

Pictures being warranted to give satisfaction, he hopes to receive, in his new vocation, a liberal share of patronage from his friends and the public generally.  Terms moderate.  Wm. Kirk, Reporter Building, Dover.  dec26.

William Kirk is not recorded in other photographic directories.

Walter I Kirby

1859                Address Unknown, New York, New York.

Walter I Kirby was recorded in one advertisement that appeared on April 1, 1859 in The New York Herald (New York, New York).  A Good Photographer, Accustomed To Working the dry and wet processes, the daguerreotype and life size pictures, wishes an engagement.  Address Walter I. Kirby, box 130 Herald office.

Walter I. Kirby is not recorded in other photographic directories.  Kirby is not recorded in the New York City Directories for 1858/1859; 1859/1860 or 1860/1861.