All posts by pioneeramericanphotographers

Edwin R. Fredericks

1856                 168 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[1]

Edwin R. Frederick as part of the partnership of Fredericks, Penabert & Germon was recorded in the April 1, 1856 Photographic and fine Arts Journal (New York, New York).  In an article entitled the Photographic Galleries of America.  Number Two, Philadelphia. The author visited 57 Galleries in Philadelphia.

Frdericks, Penabert & Germon, Chestnut St.—The distinguishing feature of this gallery is its oil colored photographs, which are only equaled by some I have seen in Brady’s gallery New York. The positive photographs show much artistic skill, and are notable for great depth of tone, softness of contour, and for even balance of light and shade. The rooms are very prettily furnished, and their appearance very effective.

Edwin R. Fredericks is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry, and is included here because of the firsthand account of their work.

[1] Not all first names or complete addresses were recorded in article.   Craig’s Daguerreian Registry was used to assist in identification when possible first name and address were added.


Mr. Frazier

1851                Over the Old Drug Store, Up-Stairs, Glasgow, Missouri.

Mr. Frazier was recorded in an advertisement and announcement.  The advertisement ran from April 10 to May 22, 1851  in the Glasgow Weekly Times (Glasgow, Missouri).  Daguerrean Likenesses.  Mr. Frazier, Daguerrean Artist, can be found up stairs, over the old drug store, opposite Dr. Vaughan’s office, prepared to take true and finished likenesses of all who may desire to employ him.  His stay will be short.  Call and see his specimens.

The announcement appeared on May 22, 1851 in the Glasgow Weekly Times (Glasgow, Missouri).  Daguerreotypes.—Mr. Frazier requests us to say that he will leave here next Tuesday morning, previous to which time he desires to fulfill all his engagements.  Those wanting likenesses should call without delay.

Franklin Daguerrean Gallery

1856                    Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[1]

Franklin Daguerrean Gallery was recorded in the April 1, 1856 Photographic and fine Arts Journal (New York, New York).  In an article entitled the Photographic Galleries of America.  Number Two, Philadelphia. The author visited 57 Galleries in Philadelphia.

Franklin Daguerrean Gallery, Market St.—This is actually a miserable gallery. We would fain pass on without comment.

Franklin Daguerrean Gallery is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry.  I have included this entry because it gives a contemporary assessment of his work.

[1] Not all first names or complete addresses were recorded in article.   Craig’s Daguerreian Registry was used to assist in identification when possible first name and address were added.



1853                Address Unknown, McArthur, Ohio.                                                                        1853                Address Unknown, Hamden, Ohio.                                                                            1853                Address Unknown, Jackson, Ohio.

Fox was recorded as part of the partnership of McClure & Fox in three announcements and one advertisement.  The first announcement appeared on September 29, 1853 in The Jackson Standard (Jackson, Ohio).  Daguerrean Artist.—The Messrs. McClure & Fox, as will be seen by their advertisement in to-day’s paper, have arrived with their Daguerrean Sky Light Car, and those wishing to have their “pretty faces, “ and ugly ones too, taken in good style, would do well to give them a call.  You have “Waited for the wagon” a long time, and it has come at last.  Embrace this opportunity, and “Secure the Shadow ‘ere the substance fades.”

The advertisement ran from September 29 to October 13, 1853 in The Jackson Standard  (Jackson, Ohio).  Sky Light Daguerrean Car.  McClure & Fox.  Respectfully beg leave to announce to the citizens of Jackson, and vicinity, that they have arrived with their Car, and will remain but a short time, all who may desire  superior likeness, (such as are produced by Sky Light Galleries,) may now have an opportunity, without the additional expense of traveling to our larger cities.

A splendid variety of cases always on hand.  In regard to dress—we would suggest to Ladies to wear Black, Brown, Red or any dark color always, avoiding Blue White or any light color.

Copying from Daguerreotypist, Paintings, &c., done in the neatest manner.  Call and examine specimens.  Jackson, Sept. 29, 1853.

The second announcement appeared on October 6, 1853 in The Jackson Standard (Jackson, Ohio).  We endorse the following from the McArthur Republican, and will just add that those wishing a good picture, had better have it taken now, as you may not again have the same opportunity:—

McClure & Fox’s Daguerrean Car has left our place for Hamden, where, we understand, they will remain only one week.  They go thence to Jackson.  We bespeak for them a hearty welcome, for we can assure our Jackson friends that their pictures are of the highest order of merit, and far surpass any attempts that ever before have been made in this place.

With Mr. Fox we have been personally acquainted for a number of years. Acquainted for a number of years.  He is a man of character and ability; a real, genuine “clever fellow,” and an accomplished artist.  Being in possession of all the late improvements in the Daguerrean Art, as practiced in the Eastern cities, his pictures are surprisingly accurate and life-like, and cannot fail to render satisfaction to all who may favor him with a call.

The third announcement appeared on November 24, 1853 in The Jackson Standard (Jackson, Ohio).  Mac. M’Clure, Daguerreotypist, wishes us to say to his friends in this county, that he has “caught a certain Fox” in a ——trap, and wishes us to exhibit him.  We would much rather he would procure the services of a Barnum or do the job himself, but as he thinks folks will believe us before they would them, here goes it:  Some time ago, the firm of Fox & McClure came into our place with a “big Wagon” in which they took Daguerreotypes; Fox, the principal operator, wished for and got a dissolution of partnership, and before leaving for the South, circulated the story, that Monsieur Mac McClue could not take a good picture.  We have examined the work of both these artists, and must give the preference to McClure.

Fox is not recorded in any other photographic directories.  Fox is possibly Robert E. Fox who was active in Zansville, Ohio from 1859 to 1860.  McClure is also not listed in other photographic directories.

C. J. Fox

1858                 Address Unknown, Richmond, Virginia.

C. J. Fox appeared in an advertisement on March 18, 1858 in The Daily Dispatch (Richmond, Virginia).  Rooms Wanted, For A Photographic Gallery On the second or third floor.  The south side of Main street, between 7th and 12, preferred.  Apply personally or by letter, to C. J. Fox, American Hotel.

A Charles J. Fox is recorded in Craig’s Daguerreian Registry as being active in New York City in 1859.  It is unknown if they are the same person.

F. M. Foster

1848                 Room opposite Temperance Hall, Indianapolis, Indiana.

F. M. Foster was recorded in an advertisement and was mentioned in an article. The advertisement ran from December 2 to 30, 1848 in the Indiana State Sentinel (Indianapolis, Indiana). F. M. Foster’s Daguerrean Rooms, Opposite Temperance Hall, Indianapolis.  Ladies and Gentlemen are invited to call and examine specimens.  A perfect likeness of a friend is the most acceptable holiday present that can be given or received.  Miniatures taken in cloudy as well as clear weather.  Instructions in the art carefully and faithfully given.  Apparatus, Plates, Cases, Chemicals, &c., furnished to order.

The article was recorded on December 16, 1848 in the Indiana State Sentinel (Indianapolis, Indiana).  Daguerreotype Likenesses.—A rare opportunity is now offered to those who desire to obtain correct likenesses by the daguerreotype process.

First in the list of operators at present in this city, are our friends Munsell & McNaught.  As a scientific chemist, Dr. Munsell has few superiors any where, and as a practical operator in photographic miniatures, large and small, McNaught has no superior in this country.  We use this expression deliberately, and trial will prove its truth.  We visited “Plumbe’s Daguerrean Gallery,” and various other similar rooms, on a late journey to the east, and among the hundreds of specimens which we saw, we did not see one superior, if indeed any equal, to those which can be exhibited by Mr. McNaught.  We therefore feel it due to unpretending but real merit, to recommend our friends to call at the rooms of the gentlemen her indicated, and see for themselves; and we urge them to do so immediately, as we understand that one of them (Mr. McN.) will soon leave town.  It is a common error that one man can make these pictures as well as another; but this is a very great mistake.  To make good ones, requires much practical knowledge, and some good taste; and these qualities are united in these gentlemen to an eminent degree.  Let our friends at once call at the office of Dr. Munsell, in Norris’s building, and see for themselves.

Secondly: we have an artist in the person of Mr. Foster, room opposite Temperance Hall, who has been but a few days in the city.  He exhibits some excellent specimens, and promises to give satisfaction to all who may call his services into requisition.  We have no doubt of his ability to redeem all the promises he may make, and we mean to try his skill in a day or two, upon our handsome phiz.

A. H. Foster

1857                    Rooms formerly known as the Athens Hotel, Athena, Tennessee.

A H. Foster was recorded in an announcement on July 31, 1857 in The Athens Post (Athens, Tennessee).   Mr. A. H. Foster, Daguerrean Artist, has taken Rooms in the building formerly known as the Athena Hotel, where he will remain for a short time.  He will be pleased to receive calls from persons wishing pictures taken.

Francis Forshew

1850-1851          233 Warren Street, Hudson, New York.

Francis Forshew part of the partnership of Turck & Forshew appeared in an advertisement that ran from December 5, 1850 to April 3, 1851 in The Columbia Washingtonian (Hudson, New York).  Sky-Light Daguerreotype Gallery. At 233 Warren street, Hudson, few doors below Rogers’ Hotel, awarded the first Premium at the Columbia County Fair of 1850.

Turck & Forshew, Artists, From Their long experience in the Daguerreotype business, and the late improvements and facilities they possess, can assure the public that their pictures are superior to all others taken in this section of the country and equal to any in the world.  Their pictures excel in richness of tone and transparency of shade, in which most of the Daguerreotypes taken by others are deficient.

They endeavor by the good quality of their pictures and the low prices to induce their customers to continue that patronage so liberally bestowed heretofore.

Having recently made improvements by which the time of sitting is reduced from one half to three fourths of the usual time, which entirely obviates the difficulty of taking children, and making it perfectly easy for all, and also giving a superior tone and finish to the picture.

Instructions given in the art, and all kinds of Daguerreotype Stock, and chemicals, kept constantly on hand and for sale.  J. Turck, F Forshew.      Nov. 1, ’50.

J. Ford

1846                    American Hotel, Military Hall Rooms, Jamaica, New York.

J. Ford was recorded in an announcement and an advertisement.  The announcement ran on  May 12, 1846 in the Long Island Farmer, and Queens County Advertiser (Jamaica, New York).   Portraits.—Gentlemen and Ladies, desirous of obtaining correct likenesses, are requested to call at Mr. Ford’s rooms, Military Hall.  We have seen a number of his specimens, and recommend our readers to examine for themselves.  See advertisement in another column.

The advertisement appeared on May 12, 1846 in the Long Island Farmer, and Queens County Advertiser  (Jamaica, New York).  Daguerreotype Portraits, Taken for $1.50 and upwards.  J. Ford will remain in the village of Jamaica, a short time for the purpose of taking Daguerreotype Portraits.  The public are invited to call and examine specimens.  Persons sitting for their portraits are warranted a correct likeness and splendid Pictures taken on the newest improved plan.  American Hotel, Military Hall Rooms.